International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy


CANNABINOID POISONING IN CHILDREN: IMPORTANCE OF MULTIDRUG TESTING

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy CANNABINOID POISONING IN CHILDREN: IMPORTANCE OF MULTIDRUG TESTING Waleska Ramos Souza¹ *, Cinthya Maria Pereira² UNIFACISA¹, Teacher Dra of the Pharmacy Course UNIFACISA² Introduction: Cannabis sativa is one of the most commonly used recreational drugs, contains over 500 different clinical compounds and over 60 known cannabinoids. Drug abuse tests are widely used as hospital screening tests for poisoning diagnoses. Objective: This study aims to understand the types of drug abuse tests used in cases of acute cannabinoid poisoning, especially in children. Methodology: This was a literature review, having as source of research the databases UpToDate, NCBI Pubmed, Online Library (SCIELO) and Toxicology Manuals. As inclusion criteria were used publications from 2000 to 2019, in Portuguese, English and Spanish, related to the keywords. Discussion: Acute cannabis poisoning is a clinical diagnosis, however, diagnosis in children may be difficult, so drug screening in the urine may be helpful to confirm the diagnosis. Conclusion: These tests are easy to perform and cheap, having good specificity through their chemical structure, directing the immunoassay to the toxic agent. Keywords: cannabis sativa, accidents, toxic agent ...

IMPACT OF MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS DUE TO THE USE OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN PERNAMBUCO: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy IMPACT OF MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS DUE TO THE USE OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN PERNAMBUCO: AN ANALYSIS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH INDICATORS Lívia Lócio Rosado de Oliveira¹*; William Barros Agrelli Girão2; Eduardo Tomilheiro de Farias 3; Mateus Cotias Filizola4, Wirley Matias Alves Martins Duarte5; Edmundo de Oliveira Gaudêncio Vínculos6 1Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde,2, 3,4 Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 5Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade UFCG;  6Professor Associado II da Universidade Federal de Campina Grande. Introduction: Psychoactive substances can cause disorders that differ from each other and varying severity and diverse symptomatology. Enabling complications in the family and social environment of the user, in addition to high rates of morbidity and mortality. Alcohol is a psychoactive substance most used by the Brazilian population, followed by caffeine, opiates, cannabinoids, cocaine and crack, with high levels of simultaneous use of two or more substances. In Brazil, it is estimated that psychoactive imports will increase, especially among young people. Objective: To analyze data from years 2014 to 2018, for example from the state of Pernambuco state with more than 100 case cases in the period. Methodology: This is a study in secondary databases, conducted from the Basic data indicator of Brazil, using the health information system, using the quantitative analysis of variables. Results: The number of new occurrences between 2014 and 2018 increased by 1.4 times. Of a total of 2971 cases, 75.3% were treated non-urgently and sometimes more often than women. The working age population (between 15 and 60 years old) presented 94.3% of new cases among those under 15 years old and over 60 years old, with the largest number of new cases in the range of 20 to ...

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERCEIVED STRESS AND ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION IN STUDENTS FROM IFPE – VITÓRIA’S FROM SANTO ANTÃO CAMPUS

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERCEIVED STRESS AND ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION IN STUDENTS FROM IFPE - VITÓRIA'S FROM SANTO ANTÃO CAMPUS Limacedo Firmino da Silva*, Eduardo Vinícius Silva dos Santos1, Diego da Silva Lima1, Isabel Cristina Pinheiro da Fonseca2, Iunaly  Sumaia da Costa Ataíde Ribeiro3, Cristie Aline Santos de Araujo4 1UNIVISA 2FAINTVISA 3IFPE 4UNIVISA Introduction:The term stress can be defined as a psychosocial phenomenon with biological. Alcohol has a social effect, making it more evident at school due to concern by young people.Objective:Identify the perceived stress level, the prevalence of alcohol consumption and to verify the association of the stress level with alcohol consumption among students of the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pernambuco. Methodology: The sample consisted of 217 students, with a mean age of 15.52 (Minimum 13 and maximum 19). The most were male (52 %), semi-resident (79 %), rural (67 %). DISCUSSION: The average perceived stress was 48.22, with a minimum of 36, a maximum of 63 and a standard deviation of 5.01.About six out of ten do something to relieve stress.These data differ slightly from those found in the pilot study, where about seven out of ten students report some feeling of irritation in the past month (72.7 %), 63.6 % report that they’re feeling happy, 81.8 % of them had or are having an emotional problems that still makes them sad. Results:  As mechanisms to relieve stress, eight categories were identified, most of them had used for leisure.Regarding stress, this research presents results similar to other studies involving adolescent students, however, with different assessment instruments, where the stress level ranged from 13.16 % to 73 %. Conclusion: The study points out that the stress during adolescence in the school environment is related to several factors, such ...

Drug Addiction in Bangladesh: “A Consequence of Social Demoralization Rather Than Individual Flaws”

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Drug Addiction in Bangladesh: “A Consequence of Social Demoralization Rather Than Individual Flaws” Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Dr. M. Nasirullah Memorial Trust, Tejgaon, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh Addiction is a maladaptive pattern of drug abuse including alcohol, caffeine, cannabis, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, sedatives, hypnotics and anxiolytics, stimulants, tobacco and others that persists despite negative consequences. An article of New England Journal of Medicine says “addiction is a disease of the brain” whereas another leading journal specifies “Genetics contributes significantly to vulnerability to this disorder”. Neurological changes observed in long-term substance abusers are nearly identical to those seen in people struggling with obesity, porn aficionados, gamblers, internet “addicts”, compulsive shoppers and simply those involved in intense romantic relationships. As with many other brain diseases, addiction has embedded behavioral and social-context aspects that are important parts of the disorder itself. An increased incidence of addiction is clearly a reflection of social demoralization. In countries like Bangladesh, people are easily demoralized because of social or peer influence. And widespread corruption, creating severe social injustices, various types of criminal activities is very common here. Issues of moral value declines in common people are expressed in many literatures. Frustration, unemployment, lack of recreation facilities and bad companionship are the epic reasons of drug addiction among youth in this country. Keywords: Drug Addiction, Bangladesh, review ...

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy (ISSN:2637-8795; DOI:10.28933/IJART) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Addiction Research and Therapy (Indexing information).

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy

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