International Journal of Aging Research

Fonoaudiology and Nutrition: a Multidisciplinary Look on the Elderly Dysphagic

Review Article of International Journal of Aging Research Fonoaudiology and Nutrition: a Multidisciplinary Look on the Elderly Dysphagic Souza Neta, H.H1; Paulo, A.M.F1; Veras, A.R.A.L2; Honorato, C.D.P3; Araújo, N.T.A1; Franco e Santos, S.N.S1. 1Students of the Speech Therapy Course of the University Center of João Pessoa- UNIPÊ. 2Speech Therapist, Master, Teacher of the Speech Therapy Course at Faculty São Miguel – PE 3Student of the Nutrition Course of the Federal University of Paraíba-UFPB. Introduction: In view of the inversion of the growth of the age pyramid in Brazil, where the increase in the elderly population has been highlighting, studies on this growing population and its specifications, such as incoordination in the act of swallowing food or saliva, are relevant. Functional, anatomical and physiological alterations resulting from senescence and associated pathologies directly interfere in swallowing, causing a damage. The swallowing deficit can lead to dysphagia, leading to malnutrition and dehydration in the elderly, due to a low caloric intake, food intake and even death. Since these aspects are impaired, it is necessary nutritional care and speech-language interventions on difficulties encountered at meals. Objective: To carry out a literature review through selected scientific articles about the importance of speech and hearing intervention in the elderly dysphagic. Methods: We conducted extensive research and selected articles published between 2013 and 2016, indexed in the SciELO, PubMed, MEDLINE and LILACS databases. The following keywords were selected in English: Dysphagia, Speech-Language Pathology, Elderly and Nutrition. Results: The elderly is prone to nutritional problems due to physiological and social factors, the occurrence of chronic disease, the use of various medications, feeding problems, chewing and swallowing, as well as changes in mobility with functional dependence. The swallowing impairment can result in dysphagia, since it is not alerted, the risk of aspiration is immense causing pneumonia and if untreated ...

Diabetic Elderly: Correlation Between Falls and Risk Factors

Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research Diabetic Elderly: Correlation Between Falls and Risk Factors Oliveira, R.C.S1, Lima Neto, J.S2, Torres, A.L.N.P.G3, Queiroz, S.S4, Souza, J.F.S5, Fittipaldi, E.O.S6 1,3,4,5Discente do Curso de Fisioterapia da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; 2,6Docente/pesquisador do Departamento de Fisioterapia da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Introduction: The fall event, when associated with Diabetes Mellitus in the elderly, is multifactorial, however, it can be triggered by the reduction of functional capacity, mainly of the lower limbs. Objective: To correlate the fall event and risk factors in diabetic elderly. Methodology: Cross-sectional and correlational study, approved by the Ethics Committee in Research with Human Subjects (CAAE: 0127.0.106.000-09) and composed of elderly diabetic patients accompanied by medical professionals in a nucleus of attention to the elderly of a Brazilian public university. The instruments used were: semi-structured questionnaire with clinical data (age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and number of falls), Timed Up & Go test (TUG) and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Statistical analysis used the Spearman correlation. Results: Diabetic elderly (70.37 ± 6.65 years) were matched according to gender and age (1: 1 ratio), two groups were selected for correlation analysis, one with 28 men and the other with 28 women. In the correlation between genders, of the variables age and BMI with number of falls, TUG and SPPB, only women presented correlations between age and number of falls (rho = 0.382, p = 0.045), TUG (rho = 0.529, p = 0.004 ) and SPPB (rho = -0.547, p = 0.003), as well as between BMI and TUG (rho = 0.532, p = 0.004). Discussion: These findings corroborate the current literature, demonstrating that the reduction of functional capacity during aging, when associated with the presence of chronic diseases, increases the risk of falls. Conclusion: As the age advances, the ...

Alternative Supplementary Communication (ASC) as a Field for the Development of Communication in Elderly Afasics

Review Article of International Journal of Aging Research Alternative Supplementary Communication (ASC) as a Field for the Development of Communication in Elderly Afasics Franco e Santos, S.N.S1; Paulo, A.M.F1; Veras, A.R.A.L2; Souza Neta, H.H1; Andrade, M.A.F1; Costa, S.M.S1 1Students of the Speech Therapy course of the University Center of João Pessoa- NIPÊ. 2Speech Therapist, Master, Teacher of the Speech Therapy Course at Faculty São Miguel – PE Introduction: Aphasia is a pathology that causes a compromise in speech and / or writing, caused by an acquired lesion on the left side of the brain. It can cause language confusion and can impair access to vocabulary, syntactic organization, coding, and decoding of messages. We can classify as a severe aphasic patient, the one who does not speak or write, but there is production of unintelligible sounds, in other words, doesn’t have an articulate speech. Supplementary and / or alternative communication (SAC) is a form of contribution to benefit the language of patients with impairment in verbal communication, in this case aphasic. It is composed of verbal and nonverbal signs that stimulate dialogue favoring the adequacy of language. Objective: To carry out a bibliographic survey about supplementary and alternative communication (SAC) in aphasic elderly. Methods: This study was carried out with publication inclusion criteria between 2014 and 2017, indexed in the SciELO, PubMed, MEDLINE and LILACS databases. The following keywords were selected in English: Aphasia; Supplementary and Alternative Communication; Speech therapy; Elderly; Language. Results and discussion: Most of the studies analyzed reported that CSA contributed to the more active interaction during communication and influenced the development of linguistic and social quality. Pictogram Ideogram Communication (PIC), Picture Communication Symbols (PCS), Bliss system and use of communicators and softwares are technological resources that can be used for aphasics in speech and language practice. Conclusion: ...

Dr. Jong In Kim
Professor and Chairman, Institute for Longevity Sciences, Wonkwang University, South Korea

Dr. Emmanuel ANDRES
Professor of Internal Medicine; Head of the Department of Internal Medicine, Internal Medicine in the University hospital of Strasbourg, University of Strasbourg, France

Dr. Karen V. Harper-Dorton
Professor, School of Social Work, West Virginia University, West Virginia 26506

Dr. Ferhan SOYUER
Professor, Nuh Naci Yazgan University Faculty of Health Sciences, Kayseri/Turkey

Dr. Akira Sugawara
Professor, Department of Molecular Endocrinology,Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan

Dr. Francisco López-Muñoz

Professor of Pharmacology, Director of International Doctorate School, Chairman of the Research Ethics Committee, and Assistant Director of Academic Staff at Camilo José Cela University, and Research Fellow at “Hospital 12 de Octubre” Research Institute (Madrid, Spain), and Portucalense Institute of Neuropsychology and Cognitive and Behavioral Neurosciences (INPP), Universidade Portucalense Infante Dom Henrique 

Dr. Diego Lacono
Associate Professor, Biomedical Sciences, Biomedical Research Institute of New Jersey, NJ 07927

Dr. Ya-Lie Ku
Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Department of Nursing, Fooyin University

Dr. Dorina Lauritano
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Medicine – University of Milano”Bicocca”, Monza

Dr. Naohiro Hohashi
Professor, Division of Family Health Care Nursing, Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University

Dr. Bechor Zvi Aminoff
Professor, Geriatric Division, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel

Dr. Lia Ginaldi
Full Professor, Department of Clinical Medicine, Public Health, Life and Environment Sciences University of L’Aquila

Dr. Ufuk Çakatay
Professor, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Dr. Fabio Monzani
Professor, Department of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, Section of Geriatrics and Gerontology, University Hospital of Pisa, Italy

Dr. Robert L. Clegg
Professor/Faculty Head, Health Administration Programs

Dr. Ian Martins
Centre of Excellence for Alzheimer’s Disease Research and Care Sarich Neuroscience Research Institute, Edith Cowan University, Australia

Dr. Kim L. Stansbury
Associate Professor/Director of MSW Program, Department of Social Work, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina

Dr. Putilov, Arcady A.
Chief researcher, Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
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international journal of aging research