International Journal of Aging Research


Alzheimer’s Disease & Dementia-From Pathophysiology To Clinic

Review Article of International Journal of Aging Research Alzheimer's Disease & Dementia-From Pathophysiology To Clinic Paulo Roberto de Brito Marques* *Professor Doctor, Director of the Discipline of Neurology, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas (FCM), University of Pernambuco (UPE). Preceptor of the Neurology Residency at the Universitary Hospital Oswaldo Cruz of FCM-UPE. Coordinator of the Center for Studies in Neurology of the Behavior of the Neurology Discipline at FCM-UPE. Member of the Alzheimer \Parkinson Committee for Technical-Scientific Advice and Honorary Provision - of the Pharmaceutical Assistance Management of the Pernambuco State Health Department. Dementia is a syndrome that occurs due to the difficulty of a patient in doing his cognitive and instrumental activities of daily life with the same performance as before, bringing him losses. This syndrome is caused by numerous primary and secondary etiologies. The most common primary cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease (AD), which reaches almost 50% of dementia cases. The DA it consists of biological fragments of the amyloid precursor protein that are deposited in the brain 10 years or more, before the first symptoms appear. The period before the onset of symptoms is called the preclinical stage. The transition between the silence of symptoms and their appearance, usually due to memory loss for recent events, is known as the prodromal phase. Continuing the pathophysiological process, the stage of mild dementia takes place, when the patient has one more cognitive component associated with memory loss; follows the moderate, severe, profound and terminal phase of dementia. Keywords: Alzheimer’s Disease,Dementia, Pathophysiology, Clinic ...

Dementia syndromes and health psychology

Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research Dementia syndromes and health psychology Eduardo Falcão Felisberto1, Leopoldo Barbosa2, Paulo César Gomes1, Mônica Cristina Batista de Melo3  1Mestrando em Psicologia da Saúde pela Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS; 2Pós-Doutorado em Ciências da Saúde pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Docente Permanente no Mestrado Profissional em Psicologia da Saúde da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde – FPS; 3Pós-Doutorado em Ciências da Saúde pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Coordenador do Mestrado Profissional em Psicologia da Saúde da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde – FPS The aging process is considered a worldwide phenomenon, and it is observed that the population has aged, where there is an inversion in the age pyramid resulting from the increase in life expectancy. This phenomenon has been investigated by several national and international studies. As results, there are some justifications that are being cited. Among these, are the presence of some demographic factors such as a reduction in fertilit, fecundity and mortality rate over the years, in addition, we highlight the technological advances in health and improvement in the quality of life of individuals1,2. Consequently, with the presence of these influencing factors, some studies highlight an epidemiological transition, where infectious diseases are being replaced by chronic-degenerative, as the main cause of morbidity and mortality, giving emphasis on dementia syndromes . In addition of aging, are expected physical, psychological and social changes that lead to changes in the life of each elderly. At this stage of life, in addition to chronic conditions, the decline in cognitive functions, such as changes in memory, speed of reasoning, and attention seem to take on a broader dimension. Thus, with the decline of these and other functions, several difficulties can be observed in the execution of activities of daily living of ...

Smokeless Tobacco dependence and cessation measures in India

Review Article of International Journal of Aging Research Smokeless Tobacco dependence and cessation measures in India Ramu Venkatesan*1, Reena C. Jhamtani1, Shilpa Gupta1, Samir Vinchurkar1,2, Nilesh Jain1 1Harm Reduction Research and Innovation Center [HRRIC], Mumbai, India. 2National University of Ireland at Galway, Ireland. India being the largest smokeless tobacco (SLT) producer and consumer in the South East Asia Region (SEAR) entitled with a range of products. SLT consumption is very common because it is associated with socio-economic and cultural perspectives in the India. After the implementation of the first treaty of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC), public health standards were reaffirmed and improvised through successful implementation of articles since 2007 as reported in the global progress factsheet. Many measures have been implemented for achieving the success of WHO-FCTC in India and to control the huge disease burden induced by tobacco use. The objective of the present study was to understand and explore the factors involved in the SLT demand reduction by revealing the dependence and cessation implementation in India in the context of strategies and policies. For this study, we searched for SLT dependence and SLT cessation literature survey in PubMed and obtained 102 literatures consisting of studies and reviews, which were further scrutinized by excluding the reviews, studies conducted abroad and studies conducted within the last 5 years (after 2015). No statistical significance was observed in comparison of National to International SLT dependence and an attempt to quit SLT following the tenure of a year. This is in-line with GATS-2 and international data. We have also discussed a diverse approach in the control of SLT at different levels-such as SLT users, healthcare professional, policy advocates supplier, labeling, legal policies, and educating at various platforms. Effective strategies for the cessation of SLT is mandatory with ...

The Elderly, Carriers of Dementia Syndromes and Dental Care

Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research The Elderly, Carriers of Dementia Syndromes and Dental Care Berta Luíza Gabriela Moreno¹, Cinthia Natali Pontes dos Santos2, Andreza de Oliveira Melo2, Maria Tereza Nascimento Filgueiras Andrade2, Nathalia Patrícia Almeida Santos3, Aurora Karla de Lacerda Vidal4 1Dental Surgeon, Dental Expert Witness, Home Dental Care; 2Dental Surgeon, Resident of the Multiprofessional Integrated Residency Program in Family Health (RMISF/FCM/UPE); 3Nurse, Resident of the Multiprofessional Integrated Residency Program in Family Health (RMISF/FCM/UPE); 4Dental Surgeon, Oral Pathologist, Doctor in Collective Health, Adjunct Professor of the General Pathological Processes Subject of the Institute of Biological Sciences of the University of Pernambuco - ICB/UPE, Head of the Dentistry Service of the Oncology Center of the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital (CEON/HUO/UPE), Coordinator of the Residency Program in Hospital Dentistry with emphasis on Oncology, University of Pernambuco - ICB/HUOC/UPE, Tutor of the Dentistry Center of the Integrated Multidisciplinary Residency in Family Health, School of Medical Sciences, University of Pernambuco (RMISF/FCM/UPE). The demographic and epidemiological transition resulting from declining birth rates, increased economically active population, decreased infectious diseases and increased chronic degenerative diseases produce a population scenario with a high number of elderly individuals, prone to developing dementia, whose prevalence is directly related to increasing age. Dementia is progressive and characterized by the loss of self-care ability and ability to perform activities of daily living, including the difficulty to perform oral hygiene and accept dental treatment, thus resulting in decreased oral health. Thus, it is necessary to know and think about oral care to increase the quality of life of this population through actions of health promotion, prevention and recovery with the accomplishment of home and hospital dental procedures, besides the traditional service, at a dental office. Keywords: Aging, Dementia, Oral health ...

Dr. Jong In Kim
Professor and Chairman, Institute for Longevity Sciences, Wonkwang University, South Korea

Dr. Emmanuel ANDRES
Professor of Internal Medicine; Head of the Department of Internal Medicine, Internal Medicine in the University hospital of Strasbourg, University of Strasbourg, France

Dr. Karen V. Harper-Dorton
Professor, School of Social Work, West Virginia University, West Virginia 26506

Dr. Ferhan SOYUER
Professor, Nuh Naci Yazgan University Faculty of Health Sciences, Kayseri/Turkey

Dr. Akira Sugawara
Professor, Department of Molecular Endocrinology,Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan

Dr. Francisco López-Muñoz

Professor of Pharmacology, Director of International Doctorate School, Chairman of the Research Ethics Committee, and Assistant Director of Academic Staff at Camilo José Cela University, and Research Fellow at “Hospital 12 de Octubre” Research Institute (Madrid, Spain), and Portucalense Institute of Neuropsychology and Cognitive and Behavioral Neurosciences (INPP), Universidade Portucalense Infante Dom Henrique 

Dr. Diego Lacono
Associate Professor, Biomedical Sciences, Biomedical Research Institute of New Jersey, NJ 07927

Dr. Ya-Lie Ku
Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Department of Nursing, Fooyin University

Dr. Dorina Lauritano
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Medicine – University of Milano”Bicocca”, Monza

Dr. Naohiro Hohashi
Professor, Division of Family Health Care Nursing, Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University

Dr. Bechor Zvi Aminoff
Professor, Geriatric Division, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel

Dr. Lia Ginaldi
Full Professor, Department of Clinical Medicine, Public Health, Life and Environment Sciences University of L’Aquila

Dr. Ufuk Çakatay
Professor, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Dr. Fabio Monzani
Professor, Department of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, Section of Geriatrics and Gerontology, University Hospital of Pisa, Italy

Dr. Robert L. Clegg
Professor/Faculty Head, Health Administration Programs

Dr. Ian Martins
Centre of Excellence for Alzheimer’s Disease Research and Care Sarich Neuroscience Research Institute, Edith Cowan University, Australia

Dr. Kim L. Stansbury
Associate Professor/Director of MSW Program, Department of Social Work, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina

Dr. Putilov, Arcady A.
Chief researcher, Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia

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