International Journal of Animal Research


LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCT TRENDS BY 2050: REVIEW

Review Article of International Journal of Animal Research LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCT TRENDS BY 2050: REVIEW Melkamu Bezabih Yitbarek Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Debre Markos University This review was done on livestock and livestock product trends by 2050 from different scientific papers. Globally, livestock and livestock products are changing rapidly in response to human population growth (9.2 billion), urbanization (70%), and growing incomes (1.1-3.1%) by 2050. More than 60 billion land animals are used worldwide for meat, egg, and dairy production. The global livestock population could exceed 100 billion by 2050, pig meat by 290%; sheep and goat meat by 200%; beef and buffalo meat by 180%; milk by 180%; poultry meat by 700%; and egg by 90%. In 2004, livestock consumes nearly 43% of feed and could rise to 48–55% by 2050. Global feed demand will be almost doubled, and 1.3 billion tonnes of grain is consumed by farm animals each year. The average grazing intensities in the world are expected to increase by about 70%, from 0.19 in 2000 to 0.098 Tropical Livestock Unit (TLU) per ha in 2050 and uses one-third of the world’s fresh water. Climate change may alter the productivity, reproductive efficiency of animals. Contrarily, livestock production is a significant contributor to environmental problems, leading to increased greenhouse gas emissions, land degradation, water pollution, and increased health problems. To solve the challenges of livestock and livestock products,, biotechnology and nanotechnology are being harnessed in various aspects of the livestock industry to hasten breed development for improved animal health and welfare, enhanced reproduction, and improved nutritional quality and safety of animal-derived foods. Keywords:Feed, Grazing intensity, Livestock ...

A Study of Insects Attracted to Selected Baits in Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research A Study of Insects Attracted to Selected Baits in Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria Ekejiuba Emeka Emmanuel, Ewuim Sylvanus Chima and Ogbodo Chinenye Vera Department of Zoology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria Insects attracted to five selected baits which includes; honey, sugar, dry fish, stock fish and cray fish in two environments were studied in Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria using funnel trapping technique. T-test was used to analyse the relative abundance of the insects collected between the two environments at 5% significance level. The individual insects collected were identified into four (4) orders, six (6) families and (8) species. A total of 495 insects were collected from the study and the total number of insects attracted to the field (295) was higher than that collected from the store (200). The results further showed that out of the four insect orders captured, Hymenoptera recorded the highest number of insects in both environments (346), while Lepidoptera had the least number of insects (13). Paratrechina sp. was the highest insect species collected throughout the study with the relative abundance of (25.25%) while Galleria mellonella was the least species collected with the relative abundance of (2.63%) and strictly associated with the honey bait. There was no significant difference between the insect orders attracted to baits in the two environments (P=0.16).The present research linked the high number of captured insect species to the foraging activities on the baits. Keywords: insects, baits, environments, funnel trap ...

HEAMATOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL INDICES OF GROWING RABBITS FED DIET SUPPLEMENTED WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF INDIGOFERA ZOLLINGERIANA LEAF MEAL

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research HEAMATOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL INDICES OF GROWING RABBITS FED DIET SUPPLEMENTED WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF INDIGOFERA ZOLLINGERIANA LEAF MEAL Alagbe, J.Oa and Oluwafemi, R.Ab aDepartment of Animal Nutrition, Sumitra Research Farm, Gujarat, India. bDepartment of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja. Nigeria This study was conducted to determine the hematological and serum biochemical parameters of growing rabbits fed diet supplemented with Indigofera zollingeriana leaf meal (IZM). A total number of Fifty (50) growing rabbits of between seven and eight weeks of age were randomly assigned to five treatment groups in a completely randomized design. Each group was replicated five times with two rabbits per replicate. Five experimental diets were formulated such that T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 was supplemented with IZM at 0g, 2.5g, 5.0g, 7.5g and 10g respectively. Feed and water were provided ad libitum and the experiment lasted for 8 weeks. The hematological parameters determined included pack cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin (Hb), red blood cells (RBC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), white blood cell (WBC) and its differentials while those of serum biochemical indices are: total protein, globulin, albumin, cholesterol, serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT), serum glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT). Results on hematology revealed that there were no significant differences (P>0.05) in the values of PCV, RBC, MCV, WBC and its differentials. Hb, MCH and MCHC values were significantly (P<0.05) influenced by the dietary supplementation of IZM. All results on the serum biochemical parameters showed that there was no significant (P>0.05) differences among the treatments. It was concluded that dietary supplementation of IZM up to 10g/kg had no deleterious effect on the hematology and serum biochemical parameters of rabbits. Keywords: Growing rabbits; hematology, serum biochemical parameters; Indigofera zollingeriana ...

The Power of Homeopathy in Animal Diseases

Review Article of International Journal of Animal Research The Power of Homeopathy in Animal Diseases Dr Balaji Deekshitulu P V Homeopathy Physician and Counseling Psychologist, Sri Balaji Homeopathy & Personal Counseling Center, Tirupati, A.P, India.cell:8885391722 / 7207255557. Homeopathy a medicine (remedy) is selected which would produce in a healthy body the same symptoms found in the sick animal (“like cures like”). This substance is selected from herbs, minerals, and natural compounds which are then diluted beyond the point of possible toxicity.This review article explains that Homeopathy Treat met is best treatment in animals also. Keywords: Diseases, Homeopathy, Animals ...

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International Journal of animal research

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