International Journal of Animal Research


Consumers Understanding and Utilization of labels used in Dairy Products

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Consumers Understanding and Utilization of labels used in Dairy Products Priyajoy Kar1*, H.R. Meena2 and A.P. Verma1 1Dairy Extension Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-13200 (Haryana) 2Faculty of Dairy Extension Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-13200 (Haryana) This study was conducted to determine the consumers understanding regarding the food labels in the dairy products and to find out its utility in consumers daily life. Primary data was collected by interviewing 200 consumers (NDRI and GADVASU milk parlor), who were the regular consumers of the milk products in the two distinct areas of northern India to find out the differences in their purchasing pattern. The result revealed that majority of the consumers reads the food labels on initial purchase of their food items. Consumers were well comprehended with the food labels used in the food items. Different kinds of information like Expiration Date (99.50%), Ingredients (78.40%), Health claims (66.80%) and Nutritional information (65.30%) were mostly used by the consumers, and they look for it in the dairy food products labels. Expiry Date was most commonly used by consumers as an indication of freshness, shelf life and food safety across a range of foods. The findings proposed the improvement of consumers knowledge regarding food labels used in the dairy products. Keywords: Understanding, utility, food labels, ingredients, expiration date ...

Relevance of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic supplementations on hemato-biochemical parameters, metabolic hormones, biometric measurements and carcass characteristics of sub-tropical Noemi lambs

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Relevance of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic supplementations on hemato-biochemical parameters, metabolic hormones, biometric measurements and carcass characteristics of sub-tropical Noemi lambs S.F El-Mehanna1, M.M. Abdelsalam1, N.M. Hashem2, , K.E.M. El-Azrak2, M.M. Mansour3 and M.M Zeitoun1,2* 1Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University 51452, KSA 2Department of Animal and Fish Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt 3Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour University, Egypt. The effects of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic preparations on hemato-biochemical parameters, metabolic hormones, biometric measurements and carcass characteristics of growing lambs were studied. Twenty four growing Noemi male lambs were randomly allocated into 4 groups (n=6/group) in a complete randomized design and blocked according to their initial weights. Lambs in the first group were orally given 50 ml of physiological saline (0.9% NaCl) and served as control (CON), while lambs in other three groups were orally given 50 ml of aqueous dandelion extract (PRE) or fermented cow's milk supplemented with lactic acid bacteria (PRO) or their mixture (1:1, SYN) every other day for 8 consecutive weeks. The results indicated that treatment had no effects on hematological parameters, except leukocytes number which was elevated (P<0.05) in all treated lambs compared to CON-lambs. Treatments had no effect on blood serum cholesterol, whereas treatment with PRO and SYN increased (P<0.05) blood serum glucose. Blood serum insulin and IGF-I concentrations were higher (P<0.05) in lambs given SYN than lambs in other groups. Different supplementations improved (P<0.05) finishing weight of lambs compared to control. There were no significant differences in carcass weight and dressing percentage among treatments. Values of most carcass measurements were not affected by treatment except a significant increase in chest depth in all supplemented lambs compared to control ...

Incidence of Clostridium perfringens in Intestinal Contents of Domestic Livestock Detected by PCR

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Incidence of Clostridium perfringens in Intestinal Contents of Domestic Livestock Detected by PCR Asghar Arshi1, Sajad Nikkhah2, Hamidreza Kabiri3, Arman Akbarpour2, Rassoul Hashemzehi4, Behnaz Mansouri2, Ayse Kilic5, Esmaeil Mahmoudi2* 1. Young Researchers and Elite Club, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran 2. Biotechnology Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord, Iran 3. Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran 4. Department of Genetics, Fars Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran 5. Sivrice Vocational High School, University of Firat, 23119 Elazig-Turkey Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is a Gram-positive anaerobic spore-forming bacterium that is widespread in environmental soil and sewage, as well as in animal intestines. C. perfringens is an important pathogen in both human and veterinary medicine. The incidence and numbers of C. perfringens in the intestinal contents of 100 cattle, 86 turkey and 177 chickens from September 2015 to April 2016 were determined. C. perfringens was found in 26%, 22% and 40% of intestinal contents of cattle, turkey and chickens, respectively. In this research samples were tested for isolation of C. perfringens by culturing and biochemical method and then they were confirmed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. We suggest that PCR assay could be a replacement of the culture method for quantifying C. perfringens in the intestinal tracts. These research helping us to establish the role of each C. perfringens toxin in animal disease, to investigate the in vivo mechanism of action of these toxins, and to develop more effective vaccines against diseases produced by these microorganisms. Keywords: Clostridium perfringens, Cattle, Turkey, Chickens, PCR ...

Development of Novel Mineral Licks (Toka) and the Livestock Industry Boom in North-eastern Nigeria

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Development of Novel Mineral Licks (Toka) and the Livestock Industry Boom in North-eastern Nigeria Kubkomawa, H. I. Department of Animal Production and Health, Federal Polytechnic, Pmb 35, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria Conventional mineral licks used in livestock production in tropical Africa, are usually imported, highly expensive and their cost/benefit ratio is often questionable. The broad objective of the study is to survey the production technique, utilization and marketing process of novel mineral licks (toka) in Adamawa State, North-Eastern Nigeria. Fifty (50) household producers of novel mineral licks (toka) were purposively selected for oral interviews, discussions and on-field observations. The results indicate that, ninety percent (90%) of novel mineral licks producers are between the ages of 20 and 50 years. Hundred percent (100%) of the people engaged in the business in the study area are women. Ninety percent (90%) of them are married with eighty percent (80%) of them having attended adult education. They had enough experience in the business with seventy percent (70%) having 5 - 15 years and all (100%) of them from minority tribes who are mostly Muslims. The common raw materials used for the production of novel mineral licks in Adamawa State include twelve (12) different plants and fifteen (15) different animal parts. The findings show that, novel mineral licks are utilized by livestock and humans in 6 different ways and, there is no elaborate and well developed marketing structure in the study area. The results indicate that, all the producers (100%) are responsible for retailing and selling of their products to earn additional income to augment the family revenue from sale of their annual farm products. Keywords: Mineral Supplementation, Ruminants, Nigeria ...

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International Journal of animal research

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