International Journal of Animal Research


The Power of Homeopathy in Animal Diseases

Review Article of International Journal of Animal Research The Power of Homeopathy in Animal Diseases Dr Balaji Deekshitulu P V Homeopathy Physician and Counseling Psychologist, Sri Balaji Homeopathy & Personal Counseling Center, Tirupati, A.P, India.cell:8885391722 / 7207255557. Homeopathy a medicine (remedy) is selected which would produce in a healthy body the same symptoms found in the sick animal (“like cures like”). This substance is selected from herbs, minerals, and natural compounds which are then diluted beyond the point of possible toxicity.This review article explains that Homeopathy Treat met is best treatment in animals also. Keywords: Diseases, Homeopathy, Animals ...

Bovine cryptosporidiosis in calves : A Review

Review Article of International Journal of Animal Research Bovine cryptosporidiosis in calves : A Review Kranti Sharmaa, Mukesh Sharmab, Sharad Mishrac Panchgavya Research And Extension Centre, Anjora, Durg- 491001 Chhattisgarh One of the culprits during this tough spring was a parasite called Cryptosporidium. It is an important zoonotic pathogen transmitted primarily through water.Cryptosporidiosis is a common cause of diarrhoea in young calves. It is caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Cryptosporidium,family Crptosporididae,order Eucoccidiorida,class Coccidian and phylum Apicomplexa.The parasite infects epithelial cells in the microvillus border of the gastrointestinal tract of all class of vertebrates7.and causes severe chronic and even fatal diarrhea with malabsorption and dehydration 19 Currently,there are 16 recognized species and nearly triple this number of unnamedNeonatal calves becomes infected within the first few days after birth.Feces containing eggs are a major source of infection, but calves may also spread the parasite through direct contact. Since the egg survive well in the environment, calves can also pick up infections from water,feed and soil.In addition to calves, cryptosporidiosis affects other young animals including piglets,lamb,kid,oats,foals and fawn (farmed deer). Stressors such as inadequate milk consumption,cold weather and wind may also play an important role in determining how severe the infection will be and how long it will last. Keywords: Bovine cryptosporidiosis, calves ...

EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF THREE TECHNIQUES FOR DIAGNOSIS OF THE CANINE DIROFILARIOSE

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF THREE TECHNIQUES FOR DIAGNOSIS OF THE CANINE DIROFILARIOSE Rubens Pedro Lorena Silva1 *; Carlos Lopes Teixeira1; Cícero Wellington de Lima Colaço1; Yuri Souto Maior Filho1; Samuel Daniel de Sousa Filho1; José de Castro Souza Neto Júnior2. Introduction: Dirofilaria immitis is a filarid nematode that impacts dogs and other mammals worldwide, being transmitted by mosquito bites, causing heart failure without the dog that is the definitive host. The intermediate host may belong to several genera of mosquitoes such as Aedes, Anopholes and Culex. Objectives: this study aims to evaluate three techniques for the diagnosis of canine heartworm disease. Methods: it is an experimental analytical study. The tests were carried out on all wandering dogs adopted by a shelter in the city of Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, Brazil. Sample collection was performed in a dog with gag, antisected with iodinated alcohol for venous puncture in cephalic vein with a 5 ml disposable syringe and transferred to tube containing anticoagulant. He samples were processed at the Pet Life laboratory in Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, Brazil. Three techniques were employed, such as: Alere Dirofilariose Ag test kit; direct examination - thick smear drop and modified Knott’s method (1939). Of the total of 30 shelter dogs, 9 were males and 21 females. Results: Thirteen dogs presented positivity in the Alere Dirofilariose Ag Test Kit (43.33%), being 9 females and 4 males. Of the thirteen positive animals in the immunological method, ten were positive by the Knott Method (33.33%) and five were positive in the Thick Smear Drop test (16.66%). Conclusion: the presence of canine heartworm disease caused by D. immitis in a given region suggests that there may be human contamination causing pulmonary heartworm disease. This infection should be considered in the ...

A Review on the Genetic Basis of Growth and Prolificacy Traits in Sheep

Review Article of International Journal of Animal Research A Review on the Genetic Basis of Growth and Prolificacy Traits in Sheep Abiye Shenkut Abebe1* and Mengistie Taye2 1Department of Animal Science, Debre Tabor University, P.O.Box 272, Ethiopia 2Department of Animal Production and Technology, Bahir Dar University, P.O.Box, 5501, Ethiopia The performance of an animal for a particular trait is the result of its genetic merit and the effects of the environment where it exists. To set up genetic improvement in sheep, the genetic component attributed to the trait of interest need to be defined. The aim of this review was to describe major candidate genes influencing growth traits and prolificacy in sheep. Although growth and prolificacy are quantitative traits and are expected to be influenced by many genes with individual genes contributing small effects, there are major genes that have been identified with significant influence on growth and prolificacy. The CLPG, GDF8 and CAST genes are some of the major genes that have strong influence on sheep growth and carcass quality. The CLPG mutation can cause pronounced effect in the muscle found in the hindquarter and is responsible for the muscular hypertrophy phenotype in sheep. The GDF8 gene also play important role in increasing muscle depth due to mutation in the regulatory region and coding sequences. The CAST gene is an endogenous and specific inhibitor of calpain enzyme and thereby regulates the rate and extent of muscle tenderization following slaughtering. For prolificacy, BMP15, GDF9 and BMPR1B have been shown to exert significant influence on ovulation rate and litter size in various sheep breeds in the world. Both of the three genes are member of the TGF-beta family protein that encode protein product responsible for growth, differentiation and proliferation of ovarian follicles. The mechanism of action for such major genes are ...

Professor Herbert W. Ockerman
Emeritus Professor, Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Plumb Hall 230 A, 2027 Coffey Road, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 USA

Dr. Osama Ibrahim Azawi
Professor, Artificial Insemination, Veterinary Gynecology and Andrology, Dept. of Surgery and Theriogenology, Coll. Vet. Med., Univ. of Mosul.

Prof. Gamal I.A. Karrouf
Faculty of Science, Medical Physics Department, King Abdulaziz University

Dr. Akbar Nikkhah
Distinguished Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Zanjan, Zanjan 313-45195 Iran

Dr. Gelase Fredy Nsonde Ntandou
Faculty of Science and Technology, Marien NGOUABI University

Dr. Celal Bal
Gaziantep University Oguzeli Vocaitonal School and Higher Education

Dr. S.D. KHARCHE
Principal Scientist (AR), PR&SM Division, ICAR-C.I.R.G., Makhdoom

Dr. Nayan Roy
Assistant professor of Zoology, M. U. C. Women’s College, Dept. of Zoology

Dr. YASİN DEMİRASLAN
Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Faculty of Veterinary, Medicine Department of Anatomy

Dr Seyyed Shamsadin Athari

Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Mohammad Shah Jahan
Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University

Dr. Meena M.K. 
Assistant Professor, Department of Crop Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences

Dr. Anmar A. M. Al-Wazeer
Assistant professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kufa

Dr. Tairon Pannunzio Dias e Silva
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of São Paulo.

Dr. Alessandra Pelagalli
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Naples, ITALY

Dr. Moustafa M. Zeitoun
Professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Alexandria, El-Shatby, Alexandria, Egypt; Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University

Dr. H. P. Puttaraju
Professor and Chairman Department of Sericulture/Life sciences and Coordinator for Biological Sciences and UGC- Innovative Programme Bangalore University Bangalore- 560 056

Dr. Elsayed Ibrahim ELAGAMY
Professor, Department of Applied Medical Sciences, College of Community (Unaizah), Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Dr. L.D.Singla
Professor and head, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

Dr. Saber Mohamed Abd-Allah
Professor, Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Egypt.

Dr. Sunanda Sharma
Associate Professor & Head, Department of Veterinary Gynaecology & Obstetrics’, College of Veterinary And Animal Science, Navania-Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Rajasthan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Bikaner-334001, India.

Dr. Deepak Kumar Tiwari
Assistant Professor, Department of Vety Surgery & Radiology, College of Veterinary Sciences, LUVAS

Dr. Farhad Mirzaei
Member of Department of Animal Production Management, Animal Science Research Institute of Iran

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr. Md. Moin Ansari
Associate Professor-cum-Senior Scientist, Division of Surgery and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir

Dr. I. Shanker Goud
Director of Research & Principal Scientist(Breeding), AICRP on Sunflower and Groundnut

Dr. M Ramachandra Mohan
Professor & Centenary year Chairman, Dept of Zoology Bangalore University

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1.Ayşe KILIÇ, Nurgül BİRBEN, Fatma TÜRKARSLAN AKBABA, Muhammed Fatih TURSUN, Osman KOÇ, Aslıhan ARSLAN. The Investigation of the Infectious Agalactiae Infection in Sheep and Goat Milk Samples. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:19. DOI:10.28933/ijar-2018-03-1801 
2.Sus Derthi Widhyari, Setyo Widodo, Agus Wijaya, Anita Esfandiari, Retno Wulansari, Arief Purwo Mihardi, Lina Maylina, Helni Novitri. Concentration of Calcium and Phosphate Serum Following Administration of Zinc in Friesian Holstein Bulls. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:18. DOI: 10.28933/ijar-2017-19-1901 

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International Journal of Animal Research is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Animal Research (Indexing information).

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International Journal of animal research

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