International Journal of Animal Research


Biochemical Changes Caused by Eimeria spp in Broiler Chickens

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Biochemical Changes Caused by Eimeria spp in Broiler Chickens Samrawit Melkamu1, Mersha Chanie2 and Mulat Asrat3 1School of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, ETHIOPIA 2 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, Ethiopia 3School of Veterinary medicine, Wollo University, Ethiopia This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of coccidia infestation on biochemical parameters in broiler chicken. The experimental animals (n=100) were randomly allocated into four equal groups, group one (G-I), group two (G-II), group three (G-III) and group four (G-IV) with 25 chickens in each group. The G-I, G-II, and G-III were treatments groups challenged by different Eimeria sporulated oocysts, while G-IV served as the control group. In this study, the infective dose of E. tenella (G-I), E. acervulina(G-II) and mixed Eimeria spp (G-III)was 2x104 sporulated Eimeria oocyst inoculated orally at three weeks of age in broiler chicken and subsequent alterations in different plasma biochemical constituents were evaluated at interval of 5 , 7 and 9 day of post inoculation. Serum total protein values after challenge showed statistically significant decrease in group one, group two and group three in comparison with group four. Further, significant decrease total protien value was noticed on 7 day of post infection in group one and group two.The mean values of serum glucose between the infected and control group at 5, 7 and 9 day of post infection which revealed non-statistically significant difference. Coccidiosis due to E. tenella, E. acervulina and mixed identified Eimeria spp. infectionin chicken showed highly statistically significant increase in serum ALT and AST level as compared with control group. This was also significant increase in infected group on 7 day of post infection. But, no significant variation among the infected groups were on 5 and 9 day of post infection. Keywords: Coccidiosis, ...

Effects of Dried Centella Asiatica Leaf Meal as a Herbal Feed Additive on the Growth Performance, Heamatology And Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Chicken

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Effects of Dried Centella Asiatica Leaf Meal as a Herbal Feed Additive on the Growth Performance, Heamatology And Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Chicken Alagbe, J.O University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, Nigeria. A 42 days experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of dried Centella asiatica leaf meal (CSP) as an herbal feed additive on the growth performance, haematology and serum biochemistry of broiler chicken. A total of 200 Ross 308 day old broiler chicks of mixed sex was divided into four (4) treatment groups of fifty (50) birds, each group was further divided into five replicates each of ten (10) birds. Group A was fed basal diet + 0% CPS (control), group B,C and D were fed basal diet + 2%, 4% and 6% CPS respectively. The basal diet was formulated to meet the nutritional requirements of birds according to NRC (1994). Feed and water was provided unrestricted and a completely randomized design and birds were vaccinated according to the prevailing disease in the environment. The results obtained showed that there were significant (p<0.05) differences among all treatments in the values of final live weight, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. Diet containing 6% CPS had the highest weight gain of 2072.9 grams, while broilers fed 0% CPS had the lowest weight gain of 1534.7 grams. Supplementation of CPS did not affect (p>0.05) the daily feed intake and mortality rate. All the hematological (PCV, Hb, RBC, MCV, MCH, MCHC, WBC and its differentials) and serum biochemical parameters (Albumin, globulin, total protein, SGPT and SGOT) were not significantly (p>0.05) different among the treatments. It can be concluded that the inclusion of CPS at 6% enhanced the overall performance of the birds without causing any deleterious effect on the health of the animals ...

Gonadal, extra gonadal sperm reserve and daily sperm production of breeder cocks fed graded levels of dietary fumonisin B1

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Gonadal, extra gonadal sperm reserve and daily sperm production of breeder cocks fed graded levels of dietary fumonisin B1 Ogunlade, Jacob Taiwo Department of Animal Science, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Fumonisin B1 (FB1), a secondary metabolite of the fungus fusarium verticillioides is known to be consumed by farm animals and has been reported to be associated with various farm animal diseases. To account for potential reproductive effects \of fumonisin in cocks meant for breeding purpose, sixty pre-pubertal breeder cocks of about 16 weeks of age were randomly assigned to four diets containing 0.2, 5.2, 10.2 and 15.2mg FB1/kg constituting diets 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively. After 16 weeks of feeding trial all the pubertal cocks were sacrificed. Their testes and epididimydes were carefully dissected, removed, weighed and recorded. The left and right organs were homogenized separately. Dietary FB1 did not significantly (p> 0.05) influence both the gonadal and extra gonadal weights of the cock. The gonadal sperm reserves (GSR) of cocks fed the control diet (5.54x 107/testis) was significantly superior (p<0.05) to those fed diet 4 (2.66 X 107/ testis). Expressing the GSR on per gram of testis basis, cocks fed with the control diet had a significantly higher value when compared with cocks fed diet 4. The GSR in the left testis both on per testis and gram of testis bases was superior to those of the right testis. The dietary FB1 levels significantly decreased the extra gonadal sperm reserves (ESR) of the cocks which ranged from 4.21X107/epididymis for cocks on diet 1 to 1.33X 107 /epididymis for cocks fed diet 4. The daily sperm production (DSP) of the cocks both on per testis and per gram testis were significantly reduced as the inclusion levels of dietary FB1 increased ...

Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration Mohamed Wefky El-Sherif Department of surgery, anesthesiology and radiology, Faculty of veterinary medicine, Assiut University, New valley, Egypt Twenty adult male Egyptian local breed cats were divided into two equal groups and anesthetized using two different Ketamine based protocols. The first group received a mixture of Xylazine and Ketamine (XK) in a single syringe administered intramuscular. The other group received Xylazine-Ketamine-Tramadol mixture (XKT) in the same syringe. Non-significant variations in physiological parameters, induction, anesthesia or recovery periods were detected. Post-operative sedation and analgesia significantly increased in the XKT group. Seizures like convulsions were noticed during induction and recovery in XKT group. Anesthesia and recovery periods were slightly prolonged in the same group than in XK group. In conclusion, addition of tramadol in a dose of 2mg/kg to Xylazine-Ketamine combination didn’t depress the cardiopulmonary functions hence didn’t require further addition of anticholinergic premedication, produced better sedation and post-operative analgesia and slightly prolong the anesthesia duration. Keywords: anesthesia, cat, ketamine, tramadol, xylazine ...

Professor Herbert W. Ockerman
Emeritus Professor, Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Plumb Hall 230 A, 2027 Coffey Road, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 USA

Dr. Osama Ibrahim Azawi
Professor, Artificial Insemination, Veterinary Gynecology and Andrology, Dept. of Surgery and Theriogenology, Coll. Vet. Med., Univ. of Mosul.

Prof. Gamal I.A. Karrouf
Faculty of Science, Medical Physics Department, King Abdulaziz University

Dr. Akbar Nikkhah
Distinguished Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Zanjan, Zanjan 313-45195 Iran

Dr. Gelase Fredy Nsonde Ntandou
Faculty of Science and Technology, Marien NGOUABI University

Dr. Celal Bal
Gaziantep University Oguzeli Vocaitonal School and Higher Education

Dr. S.D. KHARCHE
Principal Scientist (AR), PR&SM Division, ICAR-C.I.R.G., Makhdoom

Dr. Nayan Roy
Assistant professor of Zoology, M. U. C. Women’s College, Dept. of Zoology

Dr. YASİN DEMİRASLAN
Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Faculty of Veterinary, Medicine Department of Anatomy

Dr Seyyed Shamsadin Athari

Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Mohammad Shah Jahan
Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University

Dr. Meena M.K. 
Assistant Professor, Department of Crop Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences

Dr. Anmar A. M. Al-Wazeer
Assistant professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kufa

Dr. Tairon Pannunzio Dias e Silva
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of São Paulo.

Dr. Alessandra Pelagalli
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Naples, ITALY

Dr. Moustafa M. Zeitoun
Professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Alexandria, El-Shatby, Alexandria, Egypt; Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University

Dr. H. P. Puttaraju
Professor and Chairman Department of Sericulture/Life sciences and Coordinator for Biological Sciences and UGC- Innovative Programme Bangalore University Bangalore- 560 056

Dr. Elsayed Ibrahim ELAGAMY
Professor, Department of Applied Medical Sciences, College of Community (Unaizah), Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Dr. L.D.Singla
Professor and head, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

Dr. Saber Mohamed Abd-Allah
Professor, Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Egypt.

Dr. Sunanda Sharma
Associate Professor & Head, Department of Veterinary Gynaecology & Obstetrics’, College of Veterinary And Animal Science, Navania-Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Rajasthan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Bikaner-334001, India.

Dr. Deepak Kumar Tiwari
Assistant Professor, Department of Vety Surgery & Radiology, College of Veterinary Sciences, LUVAS

Dr. Farhad Mirzaei
Member of Department of Animal Production Management, Animal Science Research Institute of Iran

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr. Md. Moin Ansari
Associate Professor-cum-Senior Scientist, Division of Surgery and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir

Dr. I. Shanker Goud
Director of Research & Principal Scientist(Breeding), AICRP on Sunflower and Groundnut

Dr. M Ramachandra Mohan
Professor & Centenary year Chairman, Dept of Zoology Bangalore University

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1.Ayşe KILIÇ, Nurgül BİRBEN, Fatma TÜRKARSLAN AKBABA, Muhammed Fatih TURSUN, Osman KOÇ, Aslıhan ARSLAN. The Investigation of the Infectious Agalactiae Infection in Sheep and Goat Milk Samples. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:19. DOI:10.28933/ijar-2018-03-1801 
2.Sus Derthi Widhyari, Setyo Widodo, Agus Wijaya, Anita Esfandiari, Retno Wulansari, Arief Purwo Mihardi, Lina Maylina, Helni Novitri. Concentration of Calcium and Phosphate Serum Following Administration of Zinc in Friesian Holstein Bulls. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:18. DOI: 10.28933/ijar-2017-19-1901 

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International Journal of animal research

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