International Journal of Animal Research

Gonadal, extra gonadal sperm reserve and daily sperm production of breeder cocks fed graded levels of dietary fumonisin B1

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Gonadal, extra gonadal sperm reserve and daily sperm production of breeder cocks fed graded levels of dietary fumonisin B1 Ogunlade, Jacob Taiwo Department of Animal Science, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Fumonisin B1 (FB1), a secondary metabolite of the fungus fusarium verticillioides is known to be consumed by farm animals and has been reported to be associated with various farm animal diseases. To account for potential reproductive effects \of fumonisin in cocks meant for breeding purpose, sixty pre-pubertal breeder cocks of about 16 weeks of age were randomly assigned to four diets containing 0.2, 5.2, 10.2 and 15.2mg FB1/kg constituting diets 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively. After 16 weeks of feeding trial all the pubertal cocks were sacrificed. Their testes and epididimydes were carefully dissected, removed, weighed and recorded. The left and right organs were homogenized separately. Dietary FB1 did not significantly (p> 0.05) influence both the gonadal and extra gonadal weights of the cock. The gonadal sperm reserves (GSR) of cocks fed the control diet (5.54x 107/testis) was significantly superior (p<0.05) to those fed diet 4 (2.66 X 107/ testis). Expressing the GSR on per gram of testis basis, cocks fed with the control diet had a significantly higher value when compared with cocks fed diet 4. The GSR in the left testis both on per testis and gram of testis bases was superior to those of the right testis. The dietary FB1 levels significantly decreased the extra gonadal sperm reserves (ESR) of the cocks which ranged from 4.21X107/epididymis for cocks on diet 1 to 1.33X 107 /epididymis for cocks fed diet 4. The daily sperm production (DSP) of the cocks both on per testis and per gram testis were significantly reduced as the inclusion levels of dietary FB1 increased ...

Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration Mohamed Wefky El-Sherif Department of surgery, anesthesiology and radiology, Faculty of veterinary medicine, Assiut University, New valley, Egypt Twenty adult male Egyptian local breed cats were divided into two equal groups and anesthetized using two different Ketamine based protocols. The first group received a mixture of Xylazine and Ketamine (XK) in a single syringe administered intramuscular. The other group received Xylazine-Ketamine-Tramadol mixture (XKT) in the same syringe. Non-significant variations in physiological parameters, induction, anesthesia or recovery periods were detected. Post-operative sedation and analgesia significantly increased in the XKT group. Seizures like convulsions were noticed during induction and recovery in XKT group. Anesthesia and recovery periods were slightly prolonged in the same group than in XK group. In conclusion, addition of tramadol in a dose of 2mg/kg to Xylazine-Ketamine combination didn’t depress the cardiopulmonary functions hence didn’t require further addition of anticholinergic premedication, produced better sedation and post-operative analgesia and slightly prolong the anesthesia duration. Keywords: anesthesia, cat, ketamine, tramadol, xylazine ...

Estimating the distance of genetic domestic goats in Iran inferred from D loop region of mitochondrial DNA analysis and origins of candidate native goat ancestor

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Estimating the distance of genetic domestic goats in Iran inferred from D-loop region of mitochondrial DNA analysis and origins of candidate native goat ancestor Sattar. Beig mohammadi 1*, Kian. Pahlevan Afshari 1, and Hamid Reza. Seyedabadi 2 1.Department of Animal Science, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran 2.Department of Animal Biotechnology, Animal Science Research Institute of IRAN (ASRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO),Karaj,Iran The wild goat “bezoar”(Capra aegagrus) has been considered to be the strongest candidate for the ancestor of the domestic goats (C. hircus) . This article describes the complete sequences of the mitochondrial DNA displacement loop (D-loop) region from Mahabadi goats. The control region (D-loop) is the most variable and non-coding portion of the mitochondrial genome.The genetic diversity and phylogenetic structure was analyzed in Mahabadi goat population by mitochondrial DNA sequences. It is estimated genetic distance between native goat and goat ancestor based on mtDNA. Recent analysis of the most of domestic goat individuals revealed a total of six different monophyletic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups A, B, C, D, F, and G, with the A haplogroup representing >90% of individuals . Phylogenetic analysis was carried out using hyper variable region 1 (896 bp) obtained form 30 animals. All Mahabadi haplotypes were classified into A haplotype group and revealed remarkably high genetic distances within the population when compared with other goat populations from several places, indicating high genetic variation in the Mahabadi goat. After extracting DNA, displacement loop (D-loop) region of mtDNA was amplified with specific primers using PCR and after purification was sequenced. The phylogenic tree was drawn with the consensus sequence of other similar sequences of different goats breeds and wild goat “bezoar”(Capra aegagrus) obtained from GenBank. InThe phylogenic tree, Mahabadi native goat was clustered with ...

The Investigation of the Infectious Agalactiae Infection in Sheep and Goat Milk Samples

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research The Investigation of the Infectious Agalactiae Infection in Sheep and Goat Milk Samples Ayşe KILIÇ1, Nurgül BİRBEN2, Fatma TÜRKARSLAN AKBABA3, Muhammed Fatih TURSUN2, Osman KOÇ2, Aslıhan ARSLAN2 1 Sivrice Vocational High School, University of Firat, Elazig-Turkey; 2 Department of Microbiology, Veterinary Control Institute, Elazig- Turkey; 3 Konya Veterinary Control Institute, Konya-Turkey Many infections are known to be responsible for ruminants of Mycoplasma, especially in Europe and North America all over the world, mainly in cattle, goats and sheep cultivation causes great economic losses. Stress, immune system failure, incorrect antibiotic treatment, animal transport, breeding, artificial insemination with sperm infected with mycoplasmosis in the increase of cases of importance. In this study, Elazig and Malatya lots of sheep and goats belonging to 300 milk collected from sample Agalaksi Contagious (Contagious agalactia) disease molecular methods to detect the presence of (specific PCR). Molecular diagnosis of 300 in the case of milk as a result of specific PCR rate of 45% found positive for Mycoplasma sp. 135 the Mycoplasma sp. positive milk sample was found Mycoplasma agalactiae at 99. Keywords: Sheep, Goat, Mycoplasma, Milk, PCR ...

Professor Herbert W. Ockerman
Emeritus Professor, Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Plumb Hall 230 A, 2027 Coffey Road, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 USA

Dr. Osama Ibrahim Azawi
Professor, Artificial Insemination, Veterinary Gynecology and Andrology, Dept. of Surgery and Theriogenology, Coll. Vet. Med., Univ. of Mosul.

Prof. Gamal I.A. Karrouf
Faculty of Science, Medical Physics Department, King Abdulaziz University

Dr. Akbar Nikkhah
Distinguished Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Zanjan, Zanjan 313-45195 Iran

Dr. Gelase Fredy Nsonde Ntandou
Faculty of Science and Technology, Marien NGOUABI University

Dr. Celal Bal
Gaziantep University Oguzeli Vocaitonal School and Higher Education

Principal Scientist (AR), PR&SM Division, ICAR-C.I.R.G., Makhdoom

Dr. Nayan Roy
Assistant professor of Zoology, M. U. C. Women’s College, Dept. of Zoology

Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Faculty of Veterinary, Medicine Department of Anatomy

Dr Seyyed Shamsadin Athari

Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Mohammad Shah Jahan
Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University

Dr. Meena M.K. 
Assistant Professor, Department of Crop Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences

Dr. Anmar A. M. Al-Wazeer
Assistant professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kufa

Dr. Tairon Pannunzio Dias e Silva
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of São Paulo.

Dr. Alessandra Pelagalli
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Naples, ITALY

Dr. Moustafa M. Zeitoun
Professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Alexandria, El-Shatby, Alexandria, Egypt; Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University

Dr. H. P. Puttaraju
Professor and Chairman Department of Sericulture/Life sciences and Coordinator for Biological Sciences and UGC- Innovative Programme Bangalore University Bangalore- 560 056

Dr. Elsayed Ibrahim ELAGAMY
Professor, Department of Applied Medical Sciences, College of Community (Unaizah), Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Dr. L.D.Singla
Professor and head, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

Dr. Saber Mohamed Abd-Allah
Professor, Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Egypt.

Dr. Sunanda Sharma
Associate Professor & Head, Department of Veterinary Gynaecology & Obstetrics’, College of Veterinary And Animal Science, Navania-Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Rajasthan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Bikaner-334001, India.

Dr. Deepak Kumar Tiwari
Assistant Professor, Department of Vety Surgery & Radiology, College of Veterinary Sciences, LUVAS

Dr. Farhad Mirzaei
Member of Department of Animal Production Management, Animal Science Research Institute of Iran

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr. Md. Moin Ansari
Associate Professor-cum-Senior Scientist, Division of Surgery and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir

Dr. I. Shanker Goud
Director of Research & Principal Scientist(Breeding), AICRP on Sunflower and Groundnut

Dr. M Ramachandra Mohan
Professor & Centenary year Chairman, Dept of Zoology Bangalore University

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1.Ayşe KILIÇ, Nurgül BİRBEN, Fatma TÜRKARSLAN AKBABA, Muhammed Fatih TURSUN, Osman KOÇ, Aslıhan ARSLAN. The Investigation of the Infectious Agalactiae Infection in Sheep and Goat Milk Samples. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:19. DOI:10.28933/ijar-2018-03-1801 
2.Sus Derthi Widhyari, Setyo Widodo, Agus Wijaya, Anita Esfandiari, Retno Wulansari, Arief Purwo Mihardi, Lina Maylina, Helni Novitri. Concentration of Calcium and Phosphate Serum Following Administration of Zinc in Friesian Holstein Bulls. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:18. DOI: 10.28933/ijar-2017-19-1901 

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International Journal of animal research