International Journal of Animal Research


Isolation, identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of Pasteurella multocida from cattle with hemorrhagic septicemia

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Isolation, identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of Pasteurella multocida from cattle with hemorrhagic septicemia in Assosa and Bambasi districts, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Ethiopia Yami Bote, Kibeb Legesse, Asmelash Tassew Addis Ababa University, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture P.O.Box: 34; Debre Zeit, Ethiopia A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to May 2017 in Bambasi and Assosa districts in Benshangul Guzum Regional State with the objectives of isolation, identification and determination antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Pasteurella multocida isolated from cattle infected with Hemorrhagic Septicemia. The study was also aimed to detect the agent using classical Polymerase chain reaction. Specimens were collected purposively from cattle in areas with outbreak of Hemorrhagic septicemia and a total of 384 swab samples were collected aseptically from cattle and transported to Assosa Regional Veterinary Laboratory using a cold chain system. Specimens were cultured on MacConkey agar and blood agar. Different biochemical tests were also used in order to identify and characterize the agent of the suspected disease. The prevalence of P. multocida was 13 (3.39%) out of 384 samples tested). All the isolates were subjected to the in vitro antimicrobial ssensitivity tests and the result indicated the presence of different degrees of susceptibility and resistance to most of the antibacterial agents. The degree of susceptibility ranges from 15.4% for Tetracycline upto 61.5% for Sterptomycin, and resistance is between 15.4% for Sterptomycin, Clindamycin and Chloramphicol and 69.2% for Tetracycline. Similarly, (60 %) of this discs showed the presence of multidrug resistance. The result of this test clearly indicates that, Sterptomycin, Clindamycin and Chloramphicol could be prospective drugs of choice. Analysis of PCR assay revealed the presence of P. multocida serotype B2. In conclusion, the presence of P. multocida serotype B2 in the selected areas can be ...

Socio-cultural, Herd Structure and Reproductive Practices of Pastoral Cattle Producers in Adamawa State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Socio-cultural, Herd Structure and Reproductive Practices of Pastoral Cattle Producers in Adamawa State, Nigeria I.  H.  KUBKOMAWA1, M. S. ADAMU1,  M.  A.  OGUNDU2 , I.  C. OKOLI2 and  A. B. I.  UDEDIBIE2 1. Department of Animal Production and Health, Federal Polytechnic, Pmb 35, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria 2. Department of Animal Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria The objectives of the study were to investigate the socio-cultural, herd structure and reproductive practices of pastoralist cattle producers in Nigeria. The study was carried out with the aid questionnaires, oral interview and field observations on 300 respondents spread across the three study LGAs. Pastoral cattle production in Adamawa state was predominated by highly experienced (80 – 85%), married (75 - 88%), male (75 – 90%) Fulani (95 – 65%) Muslims (75 – 80%) aged mostly 31 – 40 years (48 – 55%) and having limited western education. White Fulani (50.00%) was the most common breed in Gombi LGA, while Red Bororo (53.00%) and Adamawa Gudali (50.00%) were the most predominant breeds in Mubi North and Jada LGAs respectively. Most of the pastoralist (40 – 50%) maintained herd size of 41 to 50 heads and reared cattle for multiple purposes such as breeding, milk, meat and traction. Farmers practiced uncontrolled breeding, with bull to cow ratio of 1:10 (75.00% at Mubi north LGA). First mating (50 – 60%) was done between 4 and 5 years, while age at first calving (73 -75%) was mostly 5 – 7 years indicating serious reproductive life wastage. Most pastoralists (55 – 65%) use ethno-veterinary practices to enhance cattle reproductive performance. Calving rates (75 – 85%) were more during late rainy season (LRS), while (90.00%) depended on natural pastures for feeding their cattle. Cattle graze ...

Reproductive Performance of Zebu Cattle Following Artificial Insemination (AI) in Adamawa State, North-Eastern Nigeria

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Reproductive Performance of Zebu Cattle Following Artificial Insemination (AI) in Adamawa State, North-Eastern Nigeria Kubkomawa, H. I., Abubakar, S. N. and Adamu, M. S. Department of Animal Production and Health, Federal Polytechnic, Pmb 35, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria The precarious supply of animal products to Nigerian populace may worsen if livestock production is still based on the use of multipurpose indigenous cattle breeds with genetically low productive potentials. The main objective of this study was to determine the reproductive performance of Zebu cattle in an AI program in The Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Livestock Farm, Adamawa State, North-Eastern Nigeria. Twenty (20) female Zebu cattle comprising heifers and cows were selected at random from the cattle herds, February to March, 2016. The insemination was performed via recto-vaginal technique following estrus synchronization, using prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α). The results of the study showed animal age ranging from three (3) to ten (10) years old with parity from 0 to 5. The body condition scores of the animals vary from 2.0 to 2.5 indicating poor nutrition and management practices at the period. There was 100% estrus detection rate since all animals displayed signs of heat and were turned in for insemination. The findings showed a low success rate of 25% with higher failure rate of 75%. It was concluded that, Ayrshire and Brahman crossed Zebu female cattle through AI, though gave low fertility rates at the first attempt, is still the rapid means of improving milk production and reproductive efficiency of the combined adaptability and hardiness of the Zebu cattle (Bos indicus) with the genetically high reproductive and milk yield potentials of the exotic breeds (Bos taurus). There is still room for an in-depth future study of the effects of upgrading indigenous Zebu cattle crossed with exotic ...

Is L-arginine or glucose dependence required for fetal growth, survival and maternal progesterone during late pregnancy in ewes?

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Is L-arginine or glucose dependence required for fetal growth, survival and maternal progesterone during late pregnancy in ewes? M. M. Zeitoun Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 6622, Qassim University 51452, KSA This study aimed at investigating effects of drenching low and high dosage of L-arginine alone, combined with propylene glycol or propylene glycol alone during the eight weeks during late ewe's gestation on the litter weight and survival at birth and maternal progesterone (P4). Thirty four adult Najdi ewes were randomly allotted into six groups (G). G1 (C, control, n=6) ewes orally given 50 ml physiological saline daily, G2 (LA, n=6) ewes given 50 ml containing 37.5 mg L-arginine/kg/day, G3 (HA, N=6) ewes given 50 ml containing 75 mg l-arginine/kg/day, G4 (P, n=6) ewes given 50 ml propylene glycol, G5 (LAP, n=5) ewes given 50 ml containing 25 ml propylene glycol and 25 ml LA and G6 (HAP, n=5) ewes given 50 ml containing 25 ml propylene glycol and 25 ml HA. Jugular blood samples for serum P4 were collected once a week from the beginning of treatment till parturition. At parturition litter size, litter weight, neonatal birth weight and viability were determined. Mean lamb birth weight was 3.75, 5.44, 5.72, 5.75, 7.33 and 5.6 kg in C, LA, HA, P, LAP and HAP, respectively. Survival rates at birth were 75, 87.5, 100, 83.3, 83.3 and 100% in C, LA, HA, P, LAP and HAP, respectively. The highest P4 level with typical profile was found in LAP ewes. In conclusion, administration of a combination of l-arginine (37.5 mg/kg/d) with propylene glycol during eight weeks of late sheep pregnancy not only enhanced fetal growth and survival of neonates but it also enhanced maternal corpus ...

Professor Herbert W. Ockerman
Emeritus Professor, Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Plumb Hall 230 A, 2027 Coffey Road, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 USA

Dr. Osama Ibrahim Azawi
Professor, Artificial Insemination, Veterinary Gynecology and Andrology, Dept. of Surgery and Theriogenology, Coll. Vet. Med., Univ. of Mosul.

Prof. Gamal I.A. Karrouf
Faculty of Science, Medical Physics Department, King Abdulaziz University

Dr. Akbar Nikkhah
Distinguished Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Zanjan, Zanjan 313-45195 Iran

Dr. Gelase Fredy Nsonde Ntandou
Faculty of Science and Technology, Marien NGOUABI University

Dr. Celal Bal
Gaziantep University Oguzeli Vocaitonal School and Higher Education

Dr. S.D. KHARCHE
Principal Scientist (AR), PR&SM Division, ICAR-C.I.R.G., Makhdoom

Dr. Nayan Roy
Assistant professor of Zoology, M. U. C. Women’s College, Dept. of Zoology

Dr. YASİN DEMİRASLAN
Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Faculty of Veterinary, Medicine Department of Anatomy

Dr Seyyed Shamsadin Athari

Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Mohammad Shah Jahan
Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University

Dr. Meena M.K. 
Assistant Professor, Department of Crop Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences

Dr. Anmar A. M. Al-Wazeer
Assistant professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kufa

Dr. Tairon Pannunzio Dias e Silva
Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture, University of São Paulo.

Dr. Alessandra Pelagalli
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Naples, ITALY

Dr. Moustafa M. Zeitoun
Professor, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Alexandria, El-Shatby, Alexandria, Egypt; Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University

Dr. H. P. Puttaraju
Professor and Chairman Department of Sericulture/Life sciences and Coordinator for Biological Sciences and UGC- Innovative Programme Bangalore University Bangalore- 560 056

Dr. Elsayed Ibrahim ELAGAMY
Professor, Department of Applied Medical Sciences, College of Community (Unaizah), Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Dr. L.D.Singla
Professor and head, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

Dr. Saber Mohamed Abd-Allah
Professor, Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Egypt.

Dr. Sunanda Sharma
Associate Professor & Head, Department of Veterinary Gynaecology & Obstetrics’, College of Veterinary And Animal Science, Navania-Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Rajasthan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Bikaner-334001, India.

Dr. Deepak Kumar Tiwari
Assistant Professor, Department of Vety Surgery & Radiology, College of Veterinary Sciences, LUVAS

Dr. Farhad Mirzaei
Member of Department of Animal Production Management, Animal Science Research Institute of Iran

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr. Md. Moin Ansari
Associate Professor-cum-Senior Scientist, Division of Surgery and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir

Dr. I. Shanker Goud
Director of Research & Principal Scientist(Breeding), AICRP on Sunflower and Groundnut

Dr. M Ramachandra Mohan
Professor & Centenary year Chairman, Dept of Zoology Bangalore University

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1.Ayşe KILIÇ, Nurgül BİRBEN, Fatma TÜRKARSLAN AKBABA, Muhammed Fatih TURSUN, Osman KOÇ, Aslıhan ARSLAN. The Investigation of the Infectious Agalactiae Infection in Sheep and Goat Milk Samples. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:19. DOI:10.28933/ijar-2018-03-1801 
2.Sus Derthi Widhyari, Setyo Widodo, Agus Wijaya, Anita Esfandiari, Retno Wulansari, Arief Purwo Mihardi, Lina Maylina, Helni Novitri. Concentration of Calcium and Phosphate Serum Following Administration of Zinc in Friesian Holstein Bulls. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:18. DOI: 10.28933/ijar-2017-19-1901 

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International Journal of animal research

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