International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews


Inflammatory Processes, Viral Infections and Dental Practice during Covid-19

Review Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Inflammatory Processes, Viral Infections and Dental Practice during Covid-19 Aurora Karla de Lacerda Vidal¹, Mônica Moreira Dias da Cruz2, Angélica Lopes Frade¹, Anna Danielly Almeida do Nascimento¹, Beatriz Santos Borges¹, Cristianne de Barros Santos¹, Fernanda Teles Pereira¹, Laís Azevedo Lins de Holanda¹ 1Institute of Biological Sciences, Oncology Center - Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital of the University of Pernambuco (ICB / CEON - HUOC / UPE); 2Pediatric Oncohematology Center - Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital of the University of Pernambuco (CEONPE - HUOC / UPE) The mouth is a natural reservoir of several microorganisms resulting from various ecological determinants, being conducive to contagion, as it is an open system for contamination, to which the oral health team is exposed. This microbiota, in general, is in harmony with the host and is quite relevant, as it contributes to the development of the mucous immune system. However, local and/or systemic changes can result in imbalance and clinical manifestation of diseases in the mouth, as reported in this chapter, about coronavirus, hepatitis, herpes, varicella-zoster, infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, ebola, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Oral hygiene is essential to maintain harmony between normal oral microbiota and external contamination, and, as is known, the mouth is part of the digestive and respiratory system and, in this moment of the lethal and quite contagious SARS-VOC 2 pandemic, the dental practice needs to reinforce biosafety care and reduce the vulnerability of staff and patients, in order to favor the good practices of home dental care, outpatient and/or hospital assistance. Keywords: Inflammatory Processes; Viral Infections; Dental Practice; Covid-19 ...

Rapid Prototyping – A Prospective Paradigm A Narrative Review

Review Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Rapid Prototyping – A Prospective Paradigm A Narrative Review Naji Alharethi Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry in Ar Rass, Qassim University, Ar Rass, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Computational modelling signifies the simulation of real life layout in a virtual domain by the transfiguration of physical structures into numerical models, which then is processed into objects. It has restructured the field of Bio – medical engineering in the past 40 years. It has conceptualised the transposition of the visual to the visual-tactile portrayal of anatomical objects leading to a new kind of reciprocity called ‘touch to comprehend’, paving way for educational approaches. This advent of Rapid prototyping has opened new prospects in medical field, especially dentistry with its accuracy and speed. Rapid prototyping is an additive manufacturing technology that produces prototype models by addition of materials in a layer by layer process. With new researches coming to the fore for molding materials and the forming process of RP techniques, this technology has become trendsetter in dental prosthesis fabrication. This article provides a Narrative review of the evolution and its foray into Prosthodontics through the multiple technological options it has panned. Key Words: Additive Manufacturing, 3D printing, Stereolithography, Rapid Prototyping ...

Indication And Use Of Zirconia Crowns On Decidual Teeth

Review Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Indication And Use Of Zirconia Crowns On Decidual Teeth Flávio Augusto de Moraes Palma*; Izabela Lima Góis; Carol Ellen Silva Tavares; Luiza Gabriella Vale Teixeira; Tamires Mirely Reis Silva; Letícia Martim Federal University of Sergipe, Department of Dentistry, Lagarto, Sergipe. Objective: The objective of this work is to analyze the use of zirconia crowns in primary teeth, their advantages, evolution and acceptance within pediatric dentistry. Methods: An integrative review was carried out using the SciELO, PubMed and Google Scholar databases, with the objective of analyzing the use of zirconia crowns in primary teeth, including 13 articles, following the inclusion and exclusion criteria previously determined. Results: The literature shows that zirconia crowns provide a well-polished surface and less bacterial adhesion, allowing to prevent plaque accumulation and pigmentation, reducing gingival inflammation associated with rehabilitated primary teeth. Zirconia crowns have superior mechanical properties related to other types of ceramics, which gives durability and resistance to fracture and wear, in addition to a natural aesthetic to the rehabilitated tooth. Conclusion: It is concluded, therefore, that pediatric dentistry has benefited a lot from this restorative revolution that uses the use of zirconia crowns in children. Key Words: Preformed zirconia crowns. Zirconia. Dental ceramics ...

Frequently affected teeth by different types of iatrogenic perforations made during dental training in Bulgaria

Research Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Frequently affected teeth by different types of iatrogenic perforations made during dental training in Bulgaria Ivanka Dimitrova1, Liliya Angelova2, Krasimir Hristov3 1Department of Conservative dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University –Sofia, BulgariA; 2 Private practice; 3 Department of Pediatric dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University –Sofia, Bulgaria Background: One of the reasons for endodontic treatment failure is  iatrogenic perforation. That is why it is important to provide adequate endodontic education for graduating young practitioners. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the most common locations of the iatrogenic perforations made by last year students in the Dental Faculty in Sofia, Bulgaria, to note the association of particular errors with particular teeth and to determine how this information can improve their education. Methods: All patient records of last-year students for 2015 and 2016 were examined. Perforations were diagnosed by radiography, and also confirmed clinically. Results: From all 778 teeth 30 incidents of root perforations were found: 10 in 2015 and 20 in 2016. More perforations were found in upper posterior teeth- 80% of all the perforations made in 2015, and 45% of all registered perforations in 2016. For the entire period of the research perforation frequency in upper molars, and in upper anterior teeth were found to be significantly higher than in other group of teeth. In academic 2015 year, 8 of the perforations (80%) were furcal. In 2016 year, 11 (55%) of all perforations were apical. Conclusions: More in-depth knowledge of endodontic anatomy , and also more strict supervision on students’ tasks are needed, especially regarding standard root canal treatment on molar teeth. Keywords: Education, endodontics, root canal treatment, iatrogenic perforation ...

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International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews

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