International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy

Union Therapy- a Weapon Against Covid 19

Review Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Union Therapy- a Weapon Against Covid 19 Kanishk Kala1, Rupinder Kaur Sodhi2 1Research Scholar, Pharmacy, Chandigarh College of Pharmacy IK Gujral PTU, 2Guide, Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy IK Gujral PTU Illness and diseases has inflicted humans since ancient times through the course of development1.They emerged in Africa and initially were hunters and gatherers who learned many things from nature in terms of food shelter medicine and living. The nomadic life led to higher mortalities to them hence as a fact they started worshiping the forces of nature like sun water etc.2-4. With advancement of time and through wisdom acquired from the observations and knowledge through peer’s ancestors they stared farming and as a fact started to live in settled communities near river banks or water source. The role of their ancestors in shaping their customs and beliefs led to allot them the space of deities or as a connection link between deities. This settlement led the foundation of religions and development of civilizations. The civilizations holds their customs and beliefs which were centered over the idea of a supreme deity or supernatural power which governs all and prayers were offered to them for solutions of issues which were regarded as wrath of the God. Even sacrifices included with norms were also conducted in different cultures. In some instances body organ images were dedicated to Gods for treatment. and different deities were worship for safeguarding health. Traditional knowledge of medicines in different cultures also witnessed a transition from oral transmission to documented texts to development and integration with modern science. During course of time there has been many instances of integration which correlates with similarities irrespective of their individual inherent uniqueness in the various medical systems followed like links between Ayurveda and Sidhha, ...

Healthcare professionals’ awareness towards drug-drug interaction in Ayder comprehensive specialized hospital Mekelle, Ethiopia

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Healthcare professionals’ awareness towards drug-drug interaction in Ayder comprehensive specialized hospital Mekelle, Ethiopia Betelhem Endal1, Desalegn Getnet2, Desye Gebrie1 1.Pharmacoepidemiology and Social Pharmacy Course and Research Team, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia; 2.Pharmacology and Toxicology Course and Research Team, Department of Pharmacy, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia Background: Healthcare professionals are the most responsible body to identify potential interaction of drugs that are prescribed as well as those that the patient may be self-administering. However, awareness of healthcare professionals towards drug-drug interaction is poor. So to improve patient medication safety, it is important to assess healthcare professionals’ knowledge pertaining to drug-drug interactions and common drug-drug interactions information sources. Method: Cross-sectional study design was employed. Self-administered questionnaire was prepared to assess healthcare professionals’ knowledge of drug-drug interactions and usual sources of drug-drug interaction information. Participants were asked to classify 10 drug pairs as ‘contraindicated’, ‘can be used with monitoring’, ‘no interaction’ and ‘not sure’. Study was conducted from November 2017 to June 2018. Participants were selected using simple random sampling method. Data were analyzed using statistical software, SPSS for windows version 20. The relationship between knowledge and independent variables (age, sex, profession, work experience, training, familiarity with standard treatment guideline perception and source of information) was assessed using binary logistic regression analysis (Crude and adjusted Odds ratio, 95% confidence interval). Result: The study was done by enrolling 293 healthcare professionals among whom 46 were Physician, 31 Pharmacist, and 216 Nurses. Over all, healthcare professionals in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital had low score (24.29%) knowledge of drug-drug interactions. However, among the healthcare professionals pharmacists had good drug-drug interactions knowledge than physicians and nurses with an average score of 32.87%, 21.06% and 18.96% respectively. Drug reference books were the most ...

An observation cross sectional study to assess the prevalence of micro vascular complications in diabetes

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy An observation cross sectional study to assess the prevalence of micro vascular complications in diabetes Nishad Unissa, Mariya Mahveen, Shiva Kumar, Katla. Swapna Department of Pharma.D, Bharat Institute of Technology-Pharmacy, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam, KIMS, Telangana 501510, India. Diabetes mellitus is the commonest metabolic disorder and has a high prevalence in India. The prognosis of the diabetic patients largely depends on the complications seen in the natural course of illness. It was decided to undertake observational study to record various complications and the influence of various risk factors.(1) Diabetes mellitus is a long term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.(2) Diabetes is a syndrome characterised by chronic hyperglycemia and disturbance of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism associated with absolute or relative deficiencies in insulin secretion and/or insulin action(3). Complications of diabetes The longer duration of diabetes the less controlled of blood sugar levels leads to development of diabetic complications which are divided into microvascular ( damage to small blood vessel) and macrovascular (damage to large blood veseels). • Micro vascular complications: These are Long term complications that affect retina, kidney and nervous system(3). Permanent disability is a common outcome of diabetes, with late complications of diabetes being major determinants for disability. Diabetic eye disease particularly retinopathy, has become a major cause of blindness throughout the world. • Macro vascular complications: Type 2 diabetes can also affect the large blood vessels, causing plaque to eventually build up and potentially leading to a heart attack, stroke or vessel blockage in the legs (peripheral vascular disease) Diabetic foot also occur with higher frequency in diabetes(4,5). Keywords: cross sectional study, prevalence of microvascular complications, diabetes ...

Case Study of Gabapentin Induced Exfoliate Dermatitis

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Case Study of Gabapentin Induced Exfoliate Dermatitis Katla Swapna, Mounika, Nishad Unissa Department of Pharma. D, Bharat Institute of Technology-Pharmacy, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam, KIMS, Telangana 501510, India. OBJECTIVE : To report a case of possible Gabapentin-induced Exfoliate Dermatitis CASE SUMMARY : A 62 old male patient with the chief complaints of rash since 10 days . He was on treatment with Gabapentin and Pregabalin for paraesthesias by neurosurgeon from last month. Developed rash all over the body since 10 days. Past history includes similar rashes due to Diclofenac. No history of Psoriasis/eczema/no history of weight loss/cough/blood in stools. On examination patient has generalised scaling over background of erythema all over the body, exfoliation with rise of temperature. This presentation is consistent with the features of Exfoliative Dermatitis. Resolution of the clinical manifestations was observed after discontinuation of the drug; all other drugs, infections, or immunologic disorders that could have caused this syndrome were carefully excluded. An objective causality assessment revealed that exfoliative dermatitis was possibly associated with the use of Gabapentin. CONCLUSIONS: Although Gabapentin administration seems to be the underlying cause of the Exfoliative Dermatitis observed in our patient, establishment of a definite causal relationship requires additional cases and supportive data. Keywords: Exfoliative dermatitis, Erythema multiforme ...

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International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy