International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy


Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy PREPARATION AND VALIDATION OF AN INSTRUMENT FOR THE EVALUATION OF COMMUNICATION SKILLS IN PHARMACEUTICAL ORIENTATION Flávia Patrícia Morais de Medeiros1*, Aline Dayse da Silva1,2, Ana Rodrigues Falbo1, Elisângela Christiane Barbosa da Silva Gomes1 Introduction: The pharmacist rescued patient care, being necessary to develop the skills to communicate well. Poor communication may be the main factor resulting from non-adherence to drug treatment, resulting in severe clinical conditions. In health care, the pharmaceutical and patient relationships are essential and must be effective, from the reception, needs verification, pharmaceutical anamnesis, realization and information record, considering life context and its integrality. However, there are still few publications about effective communication between the pharmacist and the patient. Objectives: Elaborate an instrument for evaluation of communication competencies in pharmaceutical orientation and to evaluate how this professional is reaching health services. This was approved by CAAE 83290518.2.0000.5569. Methodology: A survey was carried out in the literature in databases, from 1997 to 2017 on the topic, followed by the elaboration of the evaluation instrument that addressed the communicational competences. For validation of content, the instrument was evaluated by a panel of experts: 01 scientific method; 01 psychometric scales; 01 linguistics and 02 the subject covered. The Semantic Validation / FACE, newly graduated pharmacists (up to 2 years) participated, who work providing pharma-ceutical orientation to the patients. For Content and Semantic Validation, the change criterion used was 80% consensus. To finalize this step, the instrument for obtaining the final consensual version was returned to the expert panel. Results: The elaboration of the instrument contemplated the dimensions of knowledge, skills and communicational attitudes in the pharmaceutical orientation. The 24 questions will be answered through Likert model’s agreement scale, with 05 op-tion levels (1) Strongly disagree up to (5) I fully agree. The ...

Prevalence of Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria and the Antenatal Health Care Utilization for Prevention Among Pregnant Women in a Secondary Health Facility in Enugu State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Prevalence of Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria and the Antenatal Health Care Utilization for Prevention Among Pregnant Women in a Secondary Health Facility in Enugu State, Nigeria Maureen Ogochukwu Akunne*, Ebere Emilia Ayogu, Juliana Obianuju Idoko. Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria, 410001 Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria Pregnant women in endemic areas are highly susceptible to malaria, and both the frequency and severity of the disease are higher in pregnant women than non- pregnant women.[1] In pregnancy, there is a transient depression of cell mediated immunity that allows foetal allograft retention but also interferes with resistance to various infectious diseases. Malaria infection during pregnancy is a major public health problem in the tropics and subtropics. It affects approximately 24 million pregnant women.[2] In the area of Africa with stable malaria transmission, plasmodium falciparum infection during pregnancy is estimated to cause as many as 10,000 maternal death each year, 8-14% of all low birth weight babies and 75,000-200,000 of all infant death.[3] In Nigeria, there is an estimated 25-30% of mortality in children under the age of five and 300,000 death each year due to malaria.[3] Studies have shown that 40% of pregnant African women start attending antenatal clinics in the first and second trimester of their pregnancy. [3] In addition, pregnant women are at immense risk of malaria due to natural immune depression in pregnancy. [4] The symptoms and complications of malaria during pregnancy differ with the intensity of malaria transmission and thus with the level of immunity the pregnant woman acquired. [5] Malaria cases and death have been increasing in the country mainly due to injudicious use of anti-malaria drugs, delayed health seeking and reliance on clinical judgment without laboratory confirmation in most of the ...

The New Era of Pharmacists in Ambulatory Patient Care

Review Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy The New Era of Pharmacists in Ambulatory Patient Care AK Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Pharmacy is evolving from a product-oriented to a patient-oriented profession. This role modification is extremely healthy for the patient, the pharmacist, and other members of the health-care team. However, the evolution will present pharmacists with a number of new challenges. Now, more than in the past, pharmacists must make the acquisition of contemporary practice knowledge and skills a high priority, to render the level of service embodied in the concept of pharmaceutical care. Pharmacy educators’ organizations and regulatory bodies must all work together to support pharmacists as they assume expanded health-care roles. Pharmacy and the health-care industry must work to ensure that the pharmacist is compensated justly for all services. But before this can happen it will be necessary for pharmacy to demonstrate value-added to the cost of the prescription. Marketing of the purpose of pharmacy in the health-care morass and of the services provided by the pharmacist is needed to generate an appropriate perceived value among purchasers and users of health-care services. Pharmacists should view themselves as dispensers of therapy and drug effect interpretations as well as of drugs themselves. Service components of pharmacy should be identified clearly to third party payers and be visible to consumers, so that they know what is available at what cost and how it may be accessed. In the future, pharmacy services must be evaluated on patient outcome (i.e., pharmaceutical care) rather than the number of prescriptions dispensed, and pharmacy must evolve toward interpretation and patient consultation, related to the use of medication technologies. Keywords: Community pharmacist; Provider; Medication; Outpatient; Care ...

Assessment of Drug Prescribing in Jordan Using World Health Organization Indicators

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Assessment of Drug Prescribing in Jordan Using World Health Organization Indicators Alaa R.Alkhatib1, Anwar M. Batieha2, Nour M. Abdo3, Hayel M.Obeidat4, and Abdul Hakeem M. Okour5. 1.Jordan Food and Drug Administration, Shafa Badran, Amman, Jordan 11181 Jordan. 2.Professor of epidemiology and public health, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine,Jordan University of Science and Technology. 3.Assistant Professor of public health, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, 4.Director General of the Jordan Food and Drug Administration, ShafaBadran, Amman, Jordan 11181 Jordan.5.Associate Professor of maternal and child health, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology. Background: Irrational drug use is a major public health problem worldwide. Patterns of prescribing of pharmaceuticals by physicians in Jordan have been scarcely studied. Objectives: To assess the drug prescribing patterns using World Health Organization Drug Use Indicators at 7 primary health care centers in Amman, the capital of Jordan. Methods: We prospectively evaluated 1055 prescriptions over a period of 2 months from May/2017 to July/2017, using the WHO prescribing indicators recommended protocol. Core prescribing indicators assessed in this study included the average number of drugs per prescription, the percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name, the percentage of prescriptions containing injections, the percentage of prescriptions containing antibiotics, and the percentage of drugs from the essential drugs list. Results: Our results showed that the average number of drugs per prescription was 3.0, the percentage of drugs written by generic name was 50.3%, the percentage of drugs written from essential drug list was 97.6%, and the percentages of prescriptions that contain injections and antibiotics were 7.1%, 61.0%, respectively. Conclusion: Three of the 5 indicators, namely, the average number ...

Dr. Fadi Alkhateeb Professor

Vice Editor-in-Chief:
Dr. Saurabh Gupta Professor and Head


Dr. Mohammed A. Islam
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Coast University School of Pharmacy, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Dr. Juseop Kang
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, South Korea.

Dr. Mohamed Azmi Hassali
Professor of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

Dr. Apollo James
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Nandha college of Pharmacy, Erode, Tamilnadu, India.

Dr. Iftikhar Ali
Department of Pharmacy, Northwest General Hospital and Research Center, Department of Pharmacy, University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa , Pakistan.

Dr Anthony David Hall
School of Clinical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Australia.

Dr Bhanukumar M
Department of General Medicine, JSS Hospital & Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, India.

Dr. Sandeep Kumar Kar
Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, India.

Dr. Biswaranjan Paital
Department of Zoology, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, College of Basic Science and Humanities, Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India.

Dr. Vasiliki E. Kalodimou
Director at Flow Cytometry-Research & Regenerative Medicine Department, Athens, Greece.

Dr. Hale Z. Toklu
Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of Florida College of Medicine, 32610 Gainesville, FL, USA.

Dr. Fahad Saleem
Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains, Malaysia, Minden 11800, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Ahamada Safna Mariyam.M
Dept of Pharmacy Practice, Acharya & B.M Reddy College of Pharmacy, Bangalore-107, India.

Dr. Ghada Ismail El Shahat Ali Attia
Literature of Pharmacognosy, Departments of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, TANTA University- Egypt

Dr. Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi
School Of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Usm, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Burton M. Altura

Physiology and Pharmacology Department, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, NY, USA.

Dr.  Yousif Abdu Asiri
Vice – Rector for Planning and Development, Professor of Clinical Pharmacy, King Saud University,, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Dr. Amit K. Tiwari
Department of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Toledo – Health Science Campus, Toledo, OH, USA.

Dr. Saurabh Gupta
Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacology, Indore Institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India, Principal Co-ordinator Scientist for outsources projects of industry, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India, Scientist Co-ordinator member of Institutional Animal Ethical Committee, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore.

Dr. Tyler Madere
University of North Texas System College of Pharmacy –Department of Pharmacotherapy, Fort Worth, TX,USA.

Dr. Xianquan Zhan
Professor and Deputy Director, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China

Dr. Fatima Suleman
Head of Discipline of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences of University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Dr. Mohamed Eddouks
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco.

Dr.  Syed A. A. Rizvi 
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Health Professions Division, Nova Southeastern University, FL, USA.

Dr. Carmela Saturnino 
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, SA, ITALY.

Dr. Taha Nazir
University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan.

Dr. Fadi Alkhateeb
Pharmacy Administration, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Irma Lerma Rangel College of Pharmacy, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Kingsville, Texas, USA.

Dr. Madhan Ramesh
Professor & Head, Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, S S Nagar, Mysore.

Sushanta Kr. Das.
M. Pharm (Pharmacy Practice), Associate Professor and Pharm D Coordinator, CMR College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

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References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1.Kim P.G.M. Hurkens, Carlota Mestres-Gonzalvo, Hugo A.J.M. de Wit, Rob Janknegt, Frans Verhey, Jos M.G.A. Schols, Fabienne Magdelijns, Coen D.A. Stehouwer, Bjorn Winkens, Wubbo Mulder and P. Hugo M. van der Kuy. Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of a computer assisted medication review in hospitalized patients. International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 2017,2:6. DOI: 10.28933/IJHP-2017-10-0101 
2.Ananth kashyap, Rashmi N G, Rakshith U R, Hanumanthachar Joshi.Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Induced Serotonin Syndrome –A Case Report. International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 2017,2:7. DOI:10.28933/ijhp-2017-10-1101

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International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor in Hospital Pharmacy (indexing details).

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International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy