International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy

Assessment of Antihypertensives Drug Class in Type 2 Diabetes and It’s Complications

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Assessment of Antihypertensives Drug Class in Type 2 Diabetes and It’s Complications Margreth Philbert, Binai K Sankar Reddy college of pharmacy Background: Hypertension and Diabetes are now serious public and worldwide health challenge as by 2025 it has been estimated that 1.56 billion world population will suffer from hypertension and diabetes is the 8th leading cause of death. Objectives:Primary objective is assessment of antihypertensive drug classes used in type 2 diabetes & it’s complications and Secondary objectives are , is to assess the prescribing pattern of diabetic drugs, and to assess the incidence of complications in diabetes mellitus. Methods & Materials: This was a prospective observational study carried out at Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital. Data collection form was prepared and study was carried out in Patients with inclusion criterias after they were briefed about the study and oral consent was obtained from them. Results: 150 patients were included in the study, with females 66.67%. The average age of patients included in the study was 57.97±9.90, belonging to the age group 55-64 years. Out of 150 patients 105 had diabetic complications. Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy CCB 38.71% and the combination of ARB with diuretic 22.58% were prescribed, In patients with cardiovascular diseases they were mostly prescribed with CCB 34.29% followed by Beta-Blockers 20.00%, in patients with cerebrovascular diseases combinations of ARB with Diuretic 30.77% were most prescribed and in diabetic foot CCB 45.83% were prescribed. Managing diabetes, Metformin was the most prescribed as mono-therapy in 24.49% patients and as the combination with Glimepiride was used in 56.46% patients. Conclusion: This study revealed that CCB as monotherapy and ARB with diuretics as dual therapy were the most commonly used agents with diabetic complications like diabetic neuropathy, cardiovascular diseases and diabetic foot ...

Case Report on Drug Induced Cushing Syndrome

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Case Report on Drug Induced Cushing Syndrome Rachel Pinto, Binai.K.Sankar Reddy college of pharmacy Corticoids are 21 carbon compounds having cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus. They are synthesised in adrenal Cortisol cells in the cholesterol. Corticoids are given exogenously to regulate various body functions like in the maintainenece of fluid electrolyte balance, cardiovascular and energy substrate homeostasis and functional status of skeletal muscles and nervous system.They help withstand body with the outside stimuli and noxious particles and stress during a diseased state. They mimic the action of the body’s Natural hormone Cortisol Taking too much of exogenous Cortisol when given in medication form of gluco-corticosteriod leads to exogenous Cushing syndrome. A condition that occurs from the exposure to high Cortisol levels for a longer period of time. Symptoms of Cushing Syndrome include: Moon face, Slow growth rate in children, Weight gain in fat accumulation, Skin Infection, Thin skin with easy bruising. Lab test conducted to Verify Cushing Syndrome are: Blood Cortisol Levels, Blood sugar levels, Dexamethasone suppression test, 24hr urine Cortisol and Creatinine levels, ACTH stimulation test. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of Drug induced Cushing syndrome in a 40 year old female patient who was on the treatment of skin rashes under methyl prednisolone continuously for a period of one month ...

A project work on role of clinical pharmacist in a haemovigilance unit of a tertiary care hospital

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy A project work on role of clinical pharmacist in a haemovigilance unit of a tertiary care hospital Rachel Pinto, Arun karki, Binai K Sankar and Deepti S.P Reddy college of pharmacy Blood is a very important component of the human body. Blood constituents of about 7% of the total bodies’ weight. An average Adult body that is having a weight of 150-180 pounds will have approximately 4.7-5.5 liters of blood. Blood is a fluid connective tissue that circulate continuously around the body, allowing the constant communication between tissues that are far away from each other. It transports: •Oxygen from the lung to the tissues, and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs or excretion. •Nutrients from the alimentary tract to the tissues, and cell wash-es to the excretory organ, principally the kidney. •Hormones secreted by endocrine glands to their target organs and tissues. •Protective substance like Antibodies like to the site of infection •Clotting factor that coagulates blood, minimizing bleeding from ruptured blood vessel. Blood Is composed of a clear, straw-colored, watery fluid called plasma in which there are several types of blood cell are sus-pended. Blood plays a very important role in transport of nutrition and re-spiratory gases, act as a vehicle to transport hormones and en-zymes from their place or origin to the place where it is required, drain waste products, maintaining hemostasis, regulation of body temperature and, most importantly, act as a defense mechanism for the body ...

Case Report On Hemophilia

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Case Report On Hemophilia Priyanka.M* PharmD, Ch. Saidatta PharmD, Shambu Ramesh PharmD, Department of pharmacy practice,Acharya and BM Reddy College Of Pharmacy, Soldevanhalli, Bangalore, Karnataka, Bangalore-560107. Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder that results from congenital deficiency in a plasma coagulation protein. Hemophilia A is due to deficiency of factor VIII, whereas hemophilia B is due to factor IX deficiency. Hemophilia A & B are recessive X-linked diseases. In general, the disease affects only males, while females are carriers.This is a case of 86 year old male patient admitted in a medical ward with complaints of fever associated with chills and headache, burning micturition, hematuria since 15-20 days, patient also complaints of vomiting occasionally 4-5 times a day and generalized weakness since 1 month. Patient is a known case of hypertension since 5 years and on medication which is combination of amlodipine and atenolol. Patient is also a known case of hemophilia A diagnosed in childhood. Patient has a history of fall 10 years back since then he can’t walk. Patient was recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, perisplenic abscess, urinary tract infection, bilateral knee effusion from respective lab data. During the course of treatment, physicians and other health care professionals were advised to avoid use of NSAIDs, aspirin, IM injections, cannulas and suggested the physician regarding the use of cryoprecipitates when necessary and to monitor factors level. During the course of treatment, physicians and other health care professionals were also informed about medication error in the prescription and advised to use suitable drugs for the management of anemia. Patient was referred to other hospital for further evaluation. The main goal in the treatment of hemophilia is to control and prevent bleeding episodes. Treatment response can be monitored through clinical parameters, such as ...

Dr. Fadi Alkhateeb 
Associate Dean of Academic Affairs and Associate Professor, Ben and Maytee Fisch College of Pharmacy, The University of Texas at Tyler, 3900 University Blvd, Office # 328, Tyler, TX 75799

Vice Editor-in-Chief:
Dr. Saurabh Gupta 
Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacology, Indore Institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India; Principal Co-ordinator Scientist for outsources projects of industry, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India,; Scientist Co-ordinator member of Institutional Animal Ethical Committee, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore.


Dr. Mohammed A. Islam
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Coast University School of Pharmacy, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Dr. Juseop Kang
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, South Korea.

Dr. Mohamed Azmi Hassali
Professor of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

Dr. Apollo James
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Nandha college of Pharmacy, Erode, Tamilnadu, India.

Dr. Iftikhar Ali
Department of Pharmacy, Northwest General Hospital and Research Center, Department of Pharmacy, University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa , Pakistan.

Dr Anthony David Hall
School of Clinical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Australia.

Dr Bhanukumar M
Department of General Medicine, JSS Hospital & Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, India.

Dr. Sandeep Kumar Kar
Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, India.

Dr. Biswaranjan Paital
Department of Zoology, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, College of Basic Science and Humanities, Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India.

Dr. Vasiliki E. Kalodimou
Director at Flow Cytometry-Research & Regenerative Medicine Department, Athens, Greece.

Dr. Hale Z. Toklu
Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of Florida College of Medicine, 32610 Gainesville, FL, USA.

Dr. Fahad Saleem
Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains, Malaysia, Minden 11800, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Ahamada Safna Mariyam.M
Dept of Pharmacy Practice, Acharya & B.M Reddy College of Pharmacy, Bangalore-107, India.

Dr. Ghada Ismail El Shahat Ali Attia
Literature of Pharmacognosy, Departments of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, TANTA University- Egypt

Dr. Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi
School Of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Usm, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Burton M. Altura

Physiology and Pharmacology Department, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, NY, USA.

Dr.  Yousif Abdu Asiri
Vice – Rector for Planning and Development, Professor of Clinical Pharmacy, King Saud University,, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Dr. Amit K. Tiwari
Department of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Toledo – Health Science Campus, Toledo, OH, USA.

Dr. Saurabh Gupta
Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacology, Indore Institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India, Principal Co-ordinator Scientist for outsources projects of industry, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India, Scientist Co-ordinator member of Institutional Animal Ethical Committee, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore.

Dr. Tyler Madere
University of North Texas System College of Pharmacy –Department of Pharmacotherapy, Fort Worth, TX,USA.

Dr. Xianquan Zhan
Professor and Deputy Director, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China

Dr. Fatima Suleman
Head of Discipline of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences of University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Dr. Mohamed Eddouks
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco.

Dr.  Syed A. A. Rizvi 
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Health Professions Division, Nova Southeastern University, FL, USA.

Dr. Carmela Saturnino 
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, SA, ITALY.

Dr. Taha Nazir
University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan.

Dr. Fadi Alkhateeb
Pharmacy Administration, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Irma Lerma Rangel College of Pharmacy, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Kingsville, Texas, USA.

Dr. Madhan Ramesh
Professor & Head, Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, S S Nagar, Mysore.

Sushanta Kr. Das.
M. Pharm (Pharmacy Practice), Associate Professor and Pharm D Coordinator, CMR College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

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References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1.Kim P.G.M. Hurkens, Carlota Mestres-Gonzalvo, Hugo A.J.M. de Wit, Rob Janknegt, Frans Verhey, Jos M.G.A. Schols, Fabienne Magdelijns, Coen D.A. Stehouwer, Bjorn Winkens, Wubbo Mulder and P. Hugo M. van der Kuy. Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of a computer assisted medication review in hospitalized patients. International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 2017,2:6. DOI: 10.28933/IJHP-2017-10-0101 
2.Ananth kashyap, Rashmi N G, Rakshith U R, Hanumanthachar Joshi.Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Induced Serotonin Syndrome –A Case Report. International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 2017,2:7. DOI:10.28933/ijhp-2017-10-1101

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International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor in Hospital Pharmacy (indexing details).

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International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy