International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews


Review Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews SPIRITUALITY AND COMPREHENSIVE CARE: A CHALLENGE IN HEALTH Thatiane Guedes de Oliveira Machado1*; Tacyanne Bilro de Miranda2; Ana Paula Sabino de Medeiros Neves3; Elisa Sonehara de Morais4; Stênio Medeiros de Carvalho5 e Ruy Medeiros de Oliveira6. Introduction. Spirituality transcends pain and human suffering, giving illness and death a meaning. Spiritual dimension integrates and unites physical, psychological and social aspects of the human being. Objective. Report of experience of group meetings conducted by a multi-professional team, which aim to offer spiritual and emotional support to moms, companions and family members of infants at newborn intensive care unit and kangaroo intermediate care unit. Methods. Conversation groups took place at the corridors of Kangaroo intermediate care unit using dynamics, musicality, reading/reflexion of biblical texts and praying. Results. From january to september of 2018 35 group talks were held addressing topics like: Peace, love, care, unity, friendship, trust, joy, gratitude, fear, faith, patience and persistence. The meetings were conducted by psychologists, physiotherapists, speech therapists, occupational therapist, nutritionist, nurses and nursing technicians. Participated in average five professionals and seventeen moms and/or companion by meeting. Conclusion. Spiritual aspects embrace human universal needings guiding the subject’s choice. Spirituality is a well-being factor, comfort and hope which needs to be included in the humanization process of health care. In spite of being a challenge, it is understood as indispensable to approach, value, respect and to embrace the belief of families attended in order to integrate spirituality into the care process, since it can be configured as a coping strategy in moments of commotion, as is the case of an illness/hospitalization/death. Keywords: Spirituality, multi-professional team, newborn ICU ...


Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews POSSIBLE ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS REPORTED BY PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH PHONOLOGICAL DISORDER Prof.ª Dr.ª Chirlene Santos da Cunha Moura1*, Antônio Vítor da Silva Roseno2, Jaicélia Raíne do Nascimento Travassos3, Fernanda dos Santos Cardozo4, Flaviana Maria Miron Pessoa e Silva5 1Docente do Curso de Fonoaudiologia do Centro Universitário de João Pessoa. 2-5 Discente do Curso de Fonoaudiologia do Centro Universitário de João Pessoa. Introduction: Most four-year-old children present a well-developed phonological system, thus producing speech sounds properly. However, this does not always occur and some children end up developing speech disorders that remain beyond this age, which is known as phonological disorder. This is partially characterized by the speaker’s difficulty in mentally representing the phonological rule and, consequently, inefficient production of sounds. It is worth noting that this change has no well-defined cause, therefore, its etiology is still quite unknown. Objective: To investigate the possible etiological factors of phonological disorders in children, according to what was reported by their parents. Methodology: This study was carried out on eight children who are in therapy for phonological disorder at the Centro Universitário de João Pessoa in October 2018. The data collection took place upon an interview with the parents, which was guided towards the probable cause of the phonological disorder. Regarding ethical considerations, this study is part of a larger project approved under the number 2.117.018. Results: Based on the quantitative analysis of the responses of the parents who participated in the study, 3 reported that they believed that the cause was linked to the genetic factor, 2 reported that the cause may be linked to overprotection, 2 linked to the emotional factors and 1 to lack of motivation. Conclusion: It is suggested that there might be more in-depth studies aimed at investigating and defining ...


Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews PROFESSIONAL SENSITIZATION IN A NEONATAL INTENSIVE THERAPY UNIT AS A HUMANIZATION STRATEGY IN THE CARE Tacyanne Bilro de Miranda1*; Cecília Maria Bezerra Freire Campos2; Robson Mechel Berto da Silva3; Janine Conceição de Araújo Silva4; Sheila Duarte de Mendonça Fernandes5 Introduction: Humanization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit depends on the encounter involving the caregiver and the care. Moments of awareness and reflection on the work process are fundamental in order to review the assistance. Objective: To promote the sensitization and reflection of the professionals regarding the humanized care of the newborn through simulated life activity. Method: The activity happens individually in four moments (stress management, appropriate / humanized management, kangaroo positioning and qualified listening), conducted by nursing, occupational therapists and psychology residents. At this moment all the professionals involved directly and indirectly in the care of the newborn of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a Maternity School take part. The action was developed weekly in the internal space of the sector itself during the period of July and August of 2018. Results: 72 professionals were involved in the sensitization activity, bringing feelings and emotions after the simulated experiences. As for the first moment of the intervention (stress management), the participants report anguish, fear and impotence. On the following moments, which relate to the appropriate / humanized handling and kangaroo positioning, their reports revolve around the reception, protection and care. In addition, after the intervention, a significant number of professionals refer to reflect on their daily practice. Conclusion: The simulated experience generated a change in attitudes in the practice of the NICU professionals regarding the care of the newborn in order to generate more comfort and well-being and thus provide a better growth, development and recovery of the baby, with reduced ...


Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews AMENIZING FEAR: INTERVENTION PROPOSAL FOR PRE-SURGICAL PREPARATION IN CHILDREN THROUGH SKINNER'S MODELING Mírian Rique de Souza Brito Dias *, Maíra Mendes Faria1, Luísa Lacerda Rique1, Andréa Cristina Tavelin Biselli2, Camila Martins Vieira2 1Estudante de Psicologia da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde, 2Tutoras de Psicologia da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde Introduction: The child’s hospitalization can be perceived as a threatening experience, favoring the emergence of a situation of suffering during hospitalization, as well as the moment before a surgical procedure that often involves a state of fear. Objective: To propose psychological intervention for pre-surgical children of a hospital of high complexity in the city of Recife-PE. Methodology: Use of modeling as a form of pre-surgical preparation of children, aged between 6 and 12 years, based on the theoretical basis of Behavioral Approach Theory. The intervention will happen by modifying the behavior by means of successive approximations, similar responses with the target response, divided into five stages. Play materials will be used, such as patient doll, kit dodói, surgical instruments, infirmary kit, surgical room design, among others. Results: It is known that there is usually a deficiency related to the qualification of the health team regarding the emotional assistance of the preoperative patient, which can lead to doubts, fears, anxiety and fantasies about the surgical procedure. Therefore, pre-surgical preparation is a tool that can be used in pediatric wards because it is understood that it is necessary to provide the child with resources that facilitate his perception of the reality of the surgery and its purpose. Conclusion: To mitigate the fear of the child in a pre-surgical preparation is necessary and is possible through several expressive resources, besides the modeling. It is suggested that this care in pre-surgical preparation be routine in the hospital, ...

Dr. Sameh Shehata
Emeritus Professor of pediatric surgery, University of Alexandria Children’s Hospital

Dr. Pallavi Kamra
Pediatrician, Clinicas del Camino Real, Camarillo, CA

Dr. Hany Abo-Haded
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine – Mansoura University – Mansoura – Egypt

Dr. Ifeadike Chigozie Ozoemena
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University

International journal of Pediatric research and reviews

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-4978; DOI: 10.28933/IJOPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Pediatric Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of Pediatric research and reviews