International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews


EVALUATION OF MEDIMENTAL INTOXICATIONS IN CHILDREN

Review Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews EVALUATION OF MEDIMENTAL INTOXICATIONS IN CHILDREN Ortência Kelly Jacinto Rodrigues1 *, Adna Maria Tavares1, Waleska Ramos Souza1, Cinthya Maria Pereira de Souza2  1Discente do curso de Farmácia UNIFACISA; 2Docente do curso de Farmácia UNIFACISA. Introduction: Drug poisonings arise due to complex mechanisms and the high rate of these events in our country is multifactorial, among them a wide variety of formulations, the proliferation of drugstores, prescription errors and pharmaceutical dispensing, allied to a weakness in the ability to supervise. Objective: To evaluate the occurrence of drug poisoning in children, identifying the main classes and factors involved. Methodology: This was a descriptive study, such as literature review. The following search descriptors “intoxication”, “medicines” and “children” were searched, integrated in the SCIELO and MEDLINE databases. Results: Cases of drug poisoning in children aged 0 to 9 years represent 33% of the total cases. Although the main cause is attempted suicide in the child population, the highest incidence was due to accidents, or after a medical prescription, with errors in administration. The main drugs involved were nasal decongestants, bronchodilators, analgesics and anti-inflammatories. Conclusion: The occurrence of drug intoxications is frequently recorded in health systems, and the percentages are higher in children, so it is of utmost importance that the teaching about the use of medicines is carried out from the earliest years of life. Keywords: Intoxication, Medicines, Child ...

ROLE AND DYSFUNCTION OF THE EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT PATHS AND POST-NATAL PERSISTENCE. WNT / BETA-CATENINE SIGNALING ROAD INVOLVEMENT

Review Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews ROLE AND DYSFUNCTION OF THE EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT PATHS AND POST-NATAL PERSISTENCE. WNT / BETA-CATENINE SIGNALING ROAD INVOLVEMENT Diego Chaves Cabral1, Igor Rodrigues dos Santos1, Lívia Maria Gomes de Melo1, Rafael Miranda de Sousa Lima1, Sarah Mendes Fabrício1, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos2 1Nutrition Science Students – Federal University of Pernambuco; 2Professor / Researcher, Department of Histology and Embryology - Federal University of Pernambuco. Introduction: Gene signaling is an essential input for successful embryonic events. Through gene transport pathways, such as the Wnt / β-catenin pathway, embryonic developments are orchestrated harmoniously with the other physiological functions. Objective: This is an integrative literature review in order to analyze the scientific evidence the participation of the Wnt family in embryonic events. Methodology: An extensive review was performed on the Lilacs, PubMed and SciELO databases with full articles published in Portuguese, English and Spanish. Results and Discussion: Wingless (Wnt) belongs to the group of molecular flags, from a family of genes that act in various embryonic processes. The phenotypes of mutant embryos revealed that these genes act on the morphogenesis of numerous tissues and organs. Wnts are part of a family of signaling proteins and participate in autocrine and paracrine mechanisms, determination of gonads, cancer, glioblastoma, as well as the pathway involved in cellular communication, environmental micro-modulation and immune response. Conclusion: Cellular and molecular events depend on signaling pathways that are controlled by the Wnt family of genes, which participate in prenatal and postnatal embryonic events. Keywords: Wnt, signaling, carcinogenic, embryonic development ...

PREVALENCE OF EPSTEIN’S PEARLS AND BOHN’S NODULES AMONG CONGENITAL ORAL ABNORMALITIES

Review Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews PREVALENCE OF EPSTEIN’S PEARLS AND BOHN’S NODULES AMONG CONGENITAL ORAL ABNORMALITIES Silva, AWR¹ *; Matos, P.F¹; Marras, L.R¹; VanderleY, GSP¹; Lacerda, G.M¹; Arruda, H.S² ¹Student of the Dental Course of the Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE; ²Student of the Postgraduate Program in Dentistry-Endodontics, School of Dentistry of Pernambuco - FOP INTRODUCTION: Epstein’s pearls and Bohn’s nodules are characterized as inclusion cysts of the newborn, resulting from epithelial remnants that were trapped during the fusion of palatal processes. They are asymptomatic and transient cystic lesions and, therefore, do not require treatment by means of drugs or surgical intervention. This issue is problematic, since dental or pediatric professionals find it difficult to accurately identify and diagnose the cyst, failing to inform parents who are often distressed to realize the pathology. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to develop an integrative literature review to analyze whether, in fact, Bohn’s nodules and Epstein pearls are the most common congenital oral lesions in newborns. METHODOLOGY: Articles indexed in SciELO, PubMed / Medline and Lilacs. The keywords used were: Epstein’s pearls, Bohn’s nodules, newborn, prevalence, palatine cysts, gingival cysts. As inclusion criteria, complete articles published in the last 10 years, in the Portuguese and English languages and that answered the research question. We found 23 articles and after applying the inclusion criteria, we selected 17 articles, 9 of which formed the present abstract, using them to explore the content. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Epstein’s pearls and Bohn’s nodules appeared in the literature as high frequency oral abnormalities among newborns. The data obtained in the base articles took age, location and gender as criteria, with differences between their percentages. Despite this dissonance, research has always resulted in about 50% more cases, compared to other congenital oral ...

PEDIATRICAL STORY CONTAINING: THE CONTRIBUTION OF EXTENSION PROJECT FOR TRAINING OF MEDICINE STUDENTS

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews PEDIATRICAL STORY CONTAINING: THE CONTRIBUTION OF EXTENSION PROJECT FOR TRAINING OF MEDICINE STUDENTS Alayde Parisina Dutra Cabral de Carvalho1*, Bianca Dantas dos Santos Ramos2, Maria Cecília Barbosa de Oliveira3, Eliane Nóbrega4, Mônica Osório5 1,2,3Estudantes FPS 4,5Tutor FPS Background: Child hospitalization has a direct impact on the life of children who move away from a school, leisure and social routine, experiencing biopsychosocial repercussions. University extension projects in the hospital context can contribute to humanization and mental health prevention actions, as well as to develop professional skills of undergraduate health extension students. Objective: To develop reflections on the contribution of the Storytelling Project in pediatrics in a Recife hospital to train medical students. Methodology: Experience report. Results and discussion: In the project in question, medical students interact with students from pharmacy, psychology, nursing from the training activity and in the experience exchange meetings. In the child's approach to storytelling in the ward and pediatric emergency room, they experienced welcoming each other, dedicating their time to the patient, making choices when selecting books and narrating them, the ability to communicate and interact. inserting the child in the plot read. This was an activity that required calmness, availability for the other, adjusting their time to the rhythm, physical conditions and illness of the patient. Thinking of a professional future as doctors, it was reflected that it will be necessary to welcome and tell “stories” to patients, whether as surgeries happened, or as a treatment, or what is a disease. This experience posed the students facing the challenge of dealing with the other's cognitive and emotional reaction, dealing with resistance to participate, facing competition from the technological world, which makes it difficult to perform calmly in the hospital, as people are always in a hurry ...

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International journal of Pediatric research and reviews

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