International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews


INTERDISCIPLINARY WORK IN CARE OF CHILDREN IN ONCOLOGICAL TREATMENT

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews INTERDISCIPLINARY WORK IN CARE OF CHILDREN IN ONCOLOGICAL TREATMENT Itamara Barbosa Souza1*; Everaldo de Lima Gomes Junior2; Hulda Alves de Araújo Tenório3; Luciana da Silva Viana4; Raíssa Fernanda Evangelista Pires dos Santos5. Introduction: Cancer is currently considered a worldwide public health problem. In addition, studies have shown that it is one of the most prevalent diseases in children, and its impact on children and their families. To take care of this scenario, the interdisciplinarity that is character-ized by the exchange of knowledges among the professionals in search of a common objective stands out. General objective: To report the experience of nursing students during the care giv-en to children with cancer with an interdisciplinary team in a hospital unit. Methodology: This is an experience report that emerged from participation in a social project that provides assistance to children with cancer and degenerative diseases in a hospital unit. Results: Attendance initially occurred with the presentation of the subjects with the perspective of favoring the formation of bond, where dialogue and listening were the instrument of this reception. The activities, later, were composed of consultations and the development of play activities from the interdisciplinary context. Conclusion: In view of the impact that cancer causes in children and in the family, such as psychological and physical, it is believed that the resources of interdisciplinary work can con-tribute to the improvement of physical, social and mental condition in the search for adaptation to treatment and conditions. Keywords: Cancer, Interdisciplinary Communication, Confrontation ...

Empowering Local Primary Health Care to Improve Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) Adherence among Children with Epilepsy in Outreach District of Pakistan

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Empowering Local Primary Health Care to Improve Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) Adherence among Children with Epilepsy in Outreach District of Pakistan Muhammad Akbar Malik, Arshad Rafiq, Omar Virk The Brain Associates Lahore, Pakistan Introduction: There is a dearth of data on effectiveness-assessment of community interventions regarding the adherence improvement among children with epilepsy (CWE) in outreach financially-poor settings. This study was therefore designed to determine impact of integration of childhood epilepsy into primary care to improve the level of adherence to antiepileptic drugs and the factors that are associated with non adherence. Objectives: This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of interventions through free community childhood epilepsy center aimed at improving adherence to antiepileptic medication in CWE in an outreach financially constrained district. Methods: During this interventional study, 240 children (160 children being treated and followed in the free community primary care childhood epilepsy center and 80 children not being treated at this center) aged 4 months to 18years, diagnosed with epilepsy and treatment initiated with at least 1 AED for the past 3 months, were selected for data collection. The childhood epilepsy camps were held at local community centres provided open access, and no user fees or charges for medication were made. Local physicians, who were provided with special training and visiting paediatric neurology fellows carried out screening to help the three visiting paediatric neurologists confirming the diagnoses for data collection. Data was collected by a questionnaire divided into three parts: 1) demographical information about patients 2) information about medication adherence profile using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8), and 3) data on intervention-effectiveness of the community childhood epilepsy center (CCEC) on antiepileptic drug adherence. Ethical approval was obtained from the institutional ethics committee. Results: Among the 240 children and ...

Clinical Manifestations of Chikungunya in Children

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Clinical Manifestations of Chikungunya in Children Florentino S.A¹; Matos A.V.M²; Braga D.P³; Siqueira V.M4; Ramos R.C.F5 1,2,3,4Academics of the Medical School of the Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (UNICAP); 5Lecturer / Medical Advisor of the Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (UNICAP) Introduction:The Chikungunya Fever is a febrile, non-contagious infectious disease caused by the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), transmitted by Aedes aegypti and, more rarely, by Aedes albopictus. It presents a picture similar to dengue. The first confirmed case in Brazil was in 2014. The signs and symptoms can last for months, and the treatment is symptomatological. Objective: To describe the most common signs and symptoms presented by children infected by CHIKV in Brazil. Methodology: It was used in this project the PubMed base data, with the following search terms: Chikungunya in children in Brazil, Relatos de casos de Chikungunya em crianças no Brazil. It was obtained a total of 20 articles, of which 17 were excluded and 3 analyzed. Inclusion criteria: case report of chikungunya in childs in Brazil, from January 2014 to July 2017. Results and Discussion: Was observed on the related cases: sudden onset fever not explained by other conditions, and may progress to convulsion or not, macular rash with onset of lower limbs and chest, irritability, hypoactivity, vomiting, arthralgia/arthritis, and anemia. Besides that, it was reported signs of ocular and central nervous system disorders in neonates due to CHIKV virus contamination via birth canal. Conclusion: Based on the work observed, it is evident that there are few case reports in children affected by CHIKV. It is necessary to expand research and notifications in this age group as well as in the more frequent clinical occurrences. We emphasize the importance of early care and diagnosis in pediatrics in countries affected by outbreaks ...

Health Education Under a Panoramic Approach to AIDS Prevention in Adolescents: a Review

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Health Education Under a Panoramic Approach to AIDS Prevention in Adolescents: a Review Silva, J.A1, Amorim, C.T2, Santos, B.M.G.3, Silva, L.F.L4, Queiroz, W.Q5, Ana Pitangui, C.R6 1,2,3Acadêmicos de Enfermagem da Universidade de Pernambuco, 4,5Mestranda do Programa Associado de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem UPE/UEPB, 6 Docente do Programa Associado de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da UPE/UEPB Introduction: The HIV / AIDS epidemic is a worldwide reality. Vertical transmission and risky sexual practices in adolescents represent the main factors related to transmission. In Brazil, 2,972 cases were registered between 10 and 14 years of age, and 14,526, between 15 and 19 years of age in 2014. In this scenario, health education presents as an essential method to prevent these occurrences, making nurses a transformative agent in epidemiological characteristics presented. Objective: to characterize health education as a nursing tool in the prevention of HIV / AIDS from an integral perspective. Method: integrative literature review. We include studies with integral text in Portuguese, English and Spanish published in the period of 10 years, indexed in the databases: Lilacs, Medline, BDENF related to the thematic axis according to the optics of the authors. It carried out the research in the bases through the VHL using the intersection of the Descriptors in Health Sciences (DECS) adapted the URSI form in the construction of the results. The articles were organized by year of publication and classified by levels of evidence between VI, analyzed by 2 different evaluators, achieving agreement in the classification and I. Results and discussion: After the analysis and synthesis of the data, the selected articles were separated into thematic categories, arranged in tables. The repercussions on the health of adolescents resulting from HIV infection are caused by some biological and psychosocial aspects, and prevention becomes the effective ...

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International journal of Pediatric research and reviews

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