International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews


Psychic itinerary of the cesarean section in six Cameroonian primiparous

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Psychic itinerary of the cesarean section in six Cameroonian primiparous Mireille Ndje Ndje Ph/D in Clinical and Pathological Psychology, Laboratory of Development and bad Development, Faculty of Arts, Letters and Human Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon Statement of the Problem: The birth of a child does not create a split with the pregnancy and desires of the conception of the parents but rather confirms the continuity of the fantasies, the representations which animate these and more still the mother since the desire of the child. These fantasies and daydreams inherent in pregnancy and described by Bydlowsky are relegated to the background, and sometimes even ignored by families, but especially by obstetric care professionals during birth. Methodology: This article is an intrusion using semi-directive interviews in the psychic dynamics of six Cameroonian primiparous women who gave birth by cesarean section in a specialized hospital, from the preoperative to the postoperative through the operative. Findings: It emerges from this study that when the normal process of birth is changed, the mother can undergo this event considered natural in her cultural universe. Cesarean section is certainly a birth, but it is anti-physiological, because of the lack of passage that leads to a feeling of foreignness in women. In the Caesarean section, there seems to be a lack of narcissistic investment in the reproductive apparatus. Caesarized parturients feel guilty for not having given life according to the accepted model, both on the religious, social, cultural and psychic level. They feel guilty for not being able to repeat the act that women have been doing in their environment since the beginning of time. For their own family they bring denigration, for the in-laws they are incapable, for the other parturients they are inferior, and ...

Social determinants of contraception in a context of chronic illness in hospitals in Senegal

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Social determinants of contraception in a context of chronic illness in hospitals in Senegal Ndiaye Ndongo Ndèye Dialé, Sow Fatimata, Camara Momar, Sylla Aida, Thiam Mamadou Habib Service de Psychiatrie CHNU Fann, Dakar Sénégal Objective: We studied the socio-cultural aspects of contraception in a population of women followed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during the introduction of methotrexate. RA is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints; methotrexate, its standard of care, which requires effective contraception before starting. Patients and methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that included 42 women with RA of reproductive age. Results: The mean age of the patients was 34 years, extreme 20 and 49 years. The age group of 30-34 years was the most representative. In our study population 93% of women were married. The average duration of progression of their rheumatic disease was 60 months. Different constraints to the practice of contraception were identified: need of downstream of the spouse (90,47%), need of downstream of the beautiful family (23,8%), fear of the side effects (45,23%) , the desire of pregnancy for a better image in society (14,28%). Conclusion: several socio-cultural aspects hinder the practice of contraception in our study population. Their taking into account and a good involvement of the family is essential. Keywords: social determinants, psychosocial,chronic illness, Senegal ...

The Problem with Dropping Out and Why Students Leave School Before Graduating

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews The Problem with Dropping Out and Why Students Leave School Before Graduating Raqota Berger California State University, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, USA There is currently a major cultural problem taking place across American society in regard to students dropping out of school. Millions of Americans drop out of high school and college each and every year. Millions never earn a high school diploma or college degree. This study looked at the reasons why students dropped out of school (N = 367). Some of the major reasons found were the need for money, disinterest in classes, family issues, poor grades, lack of support, pregnancy, and so forth. The study analyzed differences across various groups (e.g., gender, ethnicity, age, and social class) in relation to dropping out, returning to school after dropping out, highest level of schooling achieved, and regretting dropping out. The study results demonstrated numerous connections between a number of key variables (e.g., social class and its association to dropping out), gender (e.g., women were more likely to regret dropping out and were more likely to return to school), and disinterest in classes (e.g., poor grades, absenteeism, suspensions, etc.). It was also found that most of the respondents dropped out of school for more than one reason and that the highest percentage of students dropped out at the community college level. The study brings forth additional data that can help educators and school administrators to better understand this larger cultural problem and what can potentially be done to help reduce these overall dropout rates that are currently afflicting the nation. Keywords: dropping out, disinterest in classes, absenteeism, social class, poor grades, need for money, community college ...

Effect of stress management intervention on stress response and job satisfaction among employees in Chinese auto enterprises

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Effect of stress management intervention on stress response and job satisfaction among employees in Chinese auto enterprises Sheng-jun Wu, Yunge Wang, Hong Dai, Xu-feng Liu* Faculty of Military Medical Psychology, Air Force Military Medical University Objective: To understand the effect of stress management interventions on improving stress response and job satisfaction among auto company employees. Method: A total of 320 employees in three Chinese auto companies were selected in August 2017 by stratified random sampling method to detect the stress response and job satisfaction. According to the score of job satisfaction, we got the low job satisfaction group (experimental group, n=86) and high job satisfaction group (control group, n=86). The two groups accepted a twelve months stress management intervention and then the stress response and job satisfaction scores were measured in August 2018 to learn the intervention effect. Results: The stress response score had a significant correlation with the job satisfaction score (r=0.219, P<0.05). After the intervention, the stress response and job satisfaction scores in experimental group was significantly higher than that before intervention (19.38±9.54, 16.00±10.47, P<0.05). The job satisfaction score was significantly higher than that before intervention (11.07±4.59, 2.89±1.96, P<0.01). Conclusion: Stress management intervention can improve the stress response and job satisfaction of auto enterprise employees. Keywords: Auto enterprise employees; Stress management; Stress response; Job satisfaction ...

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International journal of psychological research and reviews

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