International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews


Reactive depression in a sacro coccygeal chordoma

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Reactive depression in a sacro coccygeal chordoma Ndiaye-Ndongo Ndèye Dialé, Fall Lamine, Sylla Aïda, Thiam Mamadou Habib. Service de Psychiatrie du CHNU Fann, Dakar-Sénégal The association of depression and organic diseases is frequently described. Several authors have been interested in analyzing the links between the two entities. Depression is considered the dominant mode of reaction to somatic disorders. It is all the more frequent and marked that the disorder is life-threatening, painful, disabling. In this work, we report a reaction depression occurring in a patient with a sacro-coccygeal chordoma which is a relatively rare malignancy, with a reserved prognosis, revealed by common radiculalgia of appearance. This one required a care in Psychiatry parallel to the surgery. We emphasize the interest and the need for a multidisciplinary management framework. Keywords: depressive disorders; somatic affection; sacro-coccygeal mass ...

Why ‘Meaning’ in Health Care?

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Why ‘Meaning’ in Health Care? Richard Boudreau, MA, MBA, DDS, MD, JD, PHD, PSYD Faculty Loyola Marymount Univ. Bioethics Institute Faculty UCLA Dept. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that applies values to the practice of clinical medicine and to scientific research. They are based on a set of values that professionals can refer to in the event that they are in conflict or are confused. The values include: beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice, veracity, dignity. The code of ethics is based on the understanding of the goals of medicine dating back to the 5th century B.C. and Hippocrates. By 1847, the code of ethics was based greatly on Thomas Percival’s work. He was an English physician-philosopher and wrote a code of medical ethics for hospitals in 1803. Hippocrates is important in the discussion of the meaning of meaning and the meaning of medical ethics, because he provided the drive to make the public understand that medicine was based on science and not on magical or religious activities that were used so often. Even so, those writings were put away and were not rediscovered until the Renaissance period in the early 16th century. It was John Gregory, an 18th century physician and moralist, in Edinburgh who published his lectures in which he redefined medical humanism in the context of the Scottish Enlightenment of philosophers, such as David Hume. These writings opposed the work of Thomas Hobbes who’s ‘Leviathan’ is considered by many as significant as the political writings of Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Rawls. Gregory, like Hippocrates, wanted to set medicine apart and argued that medicine incorporated the ideal that physicians were empathetic and their practice was based on medical science. The medical ...

Training in Suicide Prevention for Health Professionals in Pernambuco

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Training in Suicide Prevention for Health Professionals in Pernambuco Sousa, R.A1; Silva, W.R2; Oliveira Melo, I.F.O3; Silva, A.C.P.S4; Vasconcelos, S.C5; Silva, T.P.S6 1Estudante do Curso de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco–UFPE, 2 Estudante do Curso de Nutrição da Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau– UNINASSAU, 3,4 Psicóloga da Prefeitura Municipal do Recife, 5,6Doutora em Neuropsiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento– UFPE. Introduction:Introduction: Nowadays, mental health work is understood through team work and aimed at the collective with the perspective of articulating and adding knowledge. In this sense, the broadening of the professionals perspective and training is essential to enhance care, especially in the issues of coping with self-inflicted violence, especially the suicidal behavior responsible for the death of approximately 800,000 people per year. Objectives: to report the experience of training in the subject of suicide prevention for health professionals in the state of Pernambuco. Methodology: The proposal was developed in September 2017 in the training format, offered by a group of researchers from the Federal University of Pernambuco. The target audience was the professionals who work at the various levels of mental healthcare in the State of Pernambuco. The training was structured in three thematic axes: 1- Basic concepts; 2- Risk factors and profiles; 3- Management and prevention. Results and Discussion: The vast majority of professionals approved the proposal, in its 90,3% format, thematic 95,0% and content 97,0%. In total 99,0% considered the action to be important for their professional training and ensures afety regarding retention and apprehension of the subject, and can contribute more effectively to the issue of suicidal behavior. It can be considered that the experience contributed significantly to teaching and scientific research through the articulation of university researchers and professionals in mental healthcare, being considered as an ...

The Association of Psychosocial Factors With Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents

Case Report of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews The Association of Psychosocial Factors With Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents Thomaz, L.A.E1, Accioly, C.C2, Albuquerque, E.N3, Osório, M.O4, Behar, J.N.P5 1Student of Psychologist at the Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde; 2,3,4Psychologist of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira - IMIP, tutor if ther Course of Psychology of the Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS, 5Psychologist of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira – IMIP. Introduction: In spite of prevention efforts, the suicide act still presents as unexpected, usually associated with several risk factors, and very common in young populations. Objectives: To analyze the association of psychosocial factors with suicidal behavior in adolescents. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study developed between April and June 2017 with 84 students from the metropolitan area of Recife in Pernambuco. Adolescents aged 15 to 19 years were included. For data collection, three validated instruments were used. The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee under protocol # 548,848. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results and Discussion: The presence of suicidal ideas predominated in female (73%), ranging from 12 to 15 years (53.65). Cases of suicide attempt and presence of ideation were identified in 26.1% of respondents. There was a significant association between the psychosocial aspects studied and suicidal ideation, with emphasis on economic class (p = 0.017) and symptoms of common mental disorders (p = 0.001). Conclusion: The results of the study still reveal the fragility of this age group for the occurrence of events related to suicide ideals and point to the need for planning preventive actions in this segment. Keywords: Adolescent Behavior; Mental Health; Suicidal Ideation ...

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International journal of psychological research and reviews

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