International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews

Adolescent Pornography: A Narrative Review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Adolescent Pornography: A Narrative Review Tiffany Field University of Miami/Miller School of Medicine, Fielding Graduate University This narrative review is based on a literature search on PsycINFO and PubMed that involved entering the terms adolescent pornography. Following exclusion criteria, 31 papers could be classified as adolescent pornography studies including research on the prevalence, effects and risk factors for pornography. Most of the studies have been conducted in other countries where the prevalence of adolescent pornography has ranged from 8%-22% for habitual use. The effects of pornography have included legal problems, permissive attitudes and unrealistic expectations regarding sex as well as problematic behaviors including victimization and assault. The predictor or risk variables have included male gender, family dysfunction and sensation-seeking. Like other literature on adolescent problems, this research is limited by primarily deriving from self–report and parent report and by the absence of longitudinal data that might inform whether the data being reported are effects of or risk factors for adolescent pornography and the need for prevention/intervention research. Keywords: adolescent pornography ...

Psychosocial Factors Involved with the Development of Postpartum Depression: an Integrative Review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Psychosocial Factors Involved with the Development of Postpartum Depression: an Integrative Review Rosana Maria da Conceição Silva1*, Cléber José da Silva1, Felipe Ravelly Alves de Souza1, Giselda Batista de Sena Souza2, Michele Jeronimo de Andrade3. 1Federal University of Pernambuco – Dept. Antibiotics, Recife, PE, Brasil;  2Faculty of Human Sciences of Olinda – FACHO, Olinda, PE, Brasil;  3Estacio University Center of Recife, Recife, PE, Brasil. Introduction: The pregnancy is a period in which the woman goes through physiological and emotional changes. Given this, it is observed that women with low education and low income are vulnerable to being affected by Postpartum Depression (PPD). There are factors that are related to the case series of this disease, so it is necessary to identify them so that a better strategy for caring for women with PPD. Objective: Conduct an integrative review on the psychosocial factors involved in the development of postpartum depression, according to literary publications from 2009 to 2019. Methodology: This was an integrative bibliographic review conducted from February to June 2019. The databases consulted were: VHL, SciELO and PubMed, using the following descriptors: “Postpartum Depression”, “Postpartum Period” and “Mental Health”, combined by the operators “AND” and/or “OR”. We found 273 publications, which after reading and applying the inclusion and exclusion criterion left 07 publications. Results: The main factors related to PPD were stress, lack of psychosocial support, anxiety and distress, as well as unwished pregnancy and family problems. In addition, specific protocols for the diagnosis of this disease and lack of preparation of health professionals for reception are lacking. Conclusion: More efficient public policies and specific protocols for the treatment of PPD are needed, as well as the creation of new strategies to reduce the incidence of PPD. Emphasizing the importance of monitoring ...

Prevalence in the Use of Anxiolytics Among Nursing Professionals: an Integrative Review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Prevalence in the Use of Anxiolytics Among Nursing Professionals: an Integrative Review Cléber José da Silva1*, Rosana Maria da Conceição Silva1, Felipe Ravelly Alves de Souza1, Samanta Sabrina dos Santos Lopes2, Taciane Maria da Silva2, Rêneis Paulo Lima Silva2 1Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – Depto. de Antibióticos, Recife, PE, Brasil; 2Centro Universitário Estácio do Recife, Recife, PE, Brasil. Introduction: Anxiety disorders have increased significantly in the last century, mainly due to the profound transformations that occurred in the economic and cultural context that were accompanied by the pressures of a modern, technological and mainly increasingly competitive society. Health professionals have a weakness and ease regarding the use of psychotropic drugs due to excessive stress, excessive workload, charges, dissatisfaction in the workplace or family. Objective: To identify prevalence of anxiolytic use by nursing professionals between 2013 and 2018. Methodology: Integrative review conducted in the LILACS, VHL and Pubmed databases, including quantitative research articles in Portuguese and English. Those whose methodological descriptions provided insufficient information were excluded. Results: The searches led to 400 articles which, after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, formed a corpus of 07 articles. The results indicate a high prevalence of anxiolytic use among health professionals for female nursing workers, married, with working hours of 40 hours or more per week, aged between 18 and 47 years. Among the main side effects of anxiolytic consumption were sleepiness and decreased reflexes. Conclusion: There is a need for stricter control in dispensing these drugs, as in their indications, thus preventing inappropriate consumption or the occurrence of dependence by professionals. Psychosocial support is fundamental for the rational use of these drugs and in improving the quality of life of health professionals. Keywords: Prevalence and Anxiolytics, Health Professionals, Mental Health, Nursing ...

Romantic breakup distress in university students: A narrative review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Romantic breakup distress in university students: A narrative review Tiffany Field University of Miami School of Medicine; Fielding Graduate University This narrative review of literature on romantic breakup distress and recovery includes studies on the effects of this distress, risk and protective factors for breakup distress and interventions. The effects include sadness, anger and broken heart syndrome. The risk factors for breakup distress include being the “dumpee” versus the “dumper”, internet surveillance of the “dumper”, having been in a spiritual relationship, intrusive thoughts, an orientation towards future relationships or a fear of being single, having the relationship as part of your identity or your self-worth and experiencing social constraints like criticism. Protective factors include having been more committed to the relationship and then continuing to experience closeness in that relationship but also having a rebound relationship. Effective interventions include a writing task describing the breakup, online group discussions of the breakup and tryptophan for its serotonin-enhancing properties. Limitations of this literature include lack of generalizability from the mostly female university student samples and potentially biased self-report data. Keywords: Rromantic breakup distress, university students ...

Dr. Ragea Mohamed Alqahtani
Dean, College of Education, Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Osama Hasan Gaber
Associate Professor of Psychology, College of Education – Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Putilov, Arcady A.
Chief researcher, Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia

Dr. Ana Paula Mendes Correia Couceiro Figueira
Assistant Professor, University of Coimbra , Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Dr. Sam Vaknin
Professor of Finance and Psychology in Centre for International Advanced and Professional Studies

Dr. M. Kubilay Akman
Associate Professor, Uşak University, Department of Sociology

Dr. Vittorio Lenzo
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychology Division, University of Messina, via A. Bivona 1, 98122 Messina

Dr. Salama Aqeel salama Al-mehsin
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology – Prince Sattam University Abdul Aziz -Saudi Arabia

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References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Oliveira Melo, I.F.O; Silva, A.C.P.S; Vasconcelos, S.C; Silva, T.P.S. Training in Suicide Prevention for Health Professionals in Pernambuco. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:5
2.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Fretas Júnior, P.B; Vasconcelos, S.C; Sougey, E.B; Silva, T.P.S. The Association of Psychosocial Factors With Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:4

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International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2639-6041, DOI:10.28933/IJPRR) is a journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, and letters to the editor in Psychological Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of psychological research and reviews