International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews


Main Aspects Related to Burnout Syndrome in Healthcare Professionals: An Integrative Literature Review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Main Aspects Related to Burnout Syndrome in Healthcare Professionals: An Integrative Literature Review Nadja Ferraz de Oliveira¹*, Maria Assunção da Silva Lemos², Milena Pereira da Silva³, Jhonata Willian Amaral Sousa4, Aluska Mirtes de Queiroz5 ¹Graduate student in Nursing at Centro Universitário São Miguel; ² Graduate student in Nursing at Centro Universitário São Miguel; ³ Graduate student in Nursing at Centro Universitário São Miguel; 4 Graduating in Nursing at Centro Universitário São Miguel; 5 Nurse. Master in Health Education - UFPE. INTRODUCTION: Healthcare work requires intense and prolonged attention from professionals to people who are in situations of need and dependence. Close contact with patients and the fear of making mistakes during care are additional chronic stress factors that favor the occurrence of Burnout. OBJECTIVE: To identify the main aspects related to the Burnout syndrome, due to the relevance of the current theme, according to the literature. METHODOLOGY: This is an integrative literature review, based on articles published between 2014 and 2019, indexed in the Lilacs and Bdenf databases. RESULTS: The results obtained with this study enabled the identification of the main risk factors related to the occurrence of Burnout syndrome, highlighting the infrastructure deficiencies, the rigid hierarchical structure, the excessive workload and lack of material. The syndrome causes numerous damages to the emotional and physical health of workers, such as memory deficit, immunological and cardiovascular impairment, myalgia, social isolation, aggressiveness, among others. All these symptoms generate repercussions such as poor professional performance, physical and mental exhaustion, and depersonalization, causing negative effects on the professional and social environments. CONCLUSIONS: This study made it possible to reflect on the process of illness of professionals regarding Burnout syndrome. It was possible to identify health professionals as a vulnerable population that needs attention from health service ...

Demographic Variables as Predictors of Self-concepts in the Workforce of the University of Abuja

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Demographic Variables as Predictors of Self-concepts in the Workforce of the University of Abuja Benedict O. Onyiloa and Isaiah, I. Shamoa aDepartment of Counselling and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja This descriptive study used non-teaching staff of the University of Abuja for the study. The main thrust of this work was to determine the predictors of self-concepts among staff on the basis of two demographic variables – gender and marital status. A sample size of one hundred and fifty participants was drawn for the study through stratified random sampling procedure. The sample size consisted of 74 males and 76 females. A modified version of workers/self-concept scale (WSCS) was adapted to generate data for the study. The 35-item instrument sought responses on various aspects of self-conceptsinvolving moral self, family self, self –satisfaction, self-criticism. Two null hypotheses were formulated to determine the predictors of self-concepts on the basis of gender and marital status. The results revealed that there was no significant difference in self-concepts among staff on the basis of gender and moral status. This implies that the two demographic variables, do not predict self-concepts among the generality of the university workforce. The t-values were not significant at .393 and .495 for gender and marital status respectively. The authors recommended among other measures a more elaborate and in-depts. study involving a heterogeneous sample to ascertain a more reliable influence of the two variables on self-concepts. Keywords: Demographic variables, Predictors, Self-concepts and Workforce ...

Influence of occupational stress and the moderating role of gender on general health status among Nigeria policemen and women

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Influence of occupational stress and the moderating role of gender on general health status among Nigeria policemen and women Obasanjo Sanya ADEGBITE Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria General health status is defined as individual self reported quality of health conditions in relation to somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression among police. This study adopted cross-sectional survey design. Literature have not fully explored moderating role of gender on the relationship between occupational stress and general health condition among police in which this study tries to bridge gap in knowledge. Table of random sampling technique was used to select sample size of 474 serving police personnel. General Health status and occupational stress instruments were used and data generated were subjected to Pearson moment correlation, multiple hierarchical regression and univariance analyses. Significant relationship was observed between occupational stress and the four dimensions of general health conditions: (somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression). Occupational stress predicted significant portion of variance in somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. The interaction (occupational stress*gender) accounted for significant variation in somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. Men significantly experience poor health conditions and occupational stress compare to women. Considering the potential role of occupational stress in this study, it is recommended that police institution should strategize her policy to make police work less stressful in order to achieve effective policing and training and workshop on health should be conducted to policemen considering their score on general health status. Keywords: Occupational stress, gender, General health status, Policemen, Policewomen ...

The Tiniest Scientists: What do Infants Know and How Do They Learn About the World?

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews The Tiniest Scientists: What do Infants Know and How Do They Learn About the World? Seongkyung Bae Biomedicine Academies at Englewood, Englewood NJ, United States Infants are one of the richest sources of information about the origin of human thinking and learning. Although gathering behavioral and neuroimaging data from infants is incredibly insightful and valuable, infants are a challenging group to study. Unlike adults, they cannot verbally communicate with researchers, make explicit responses, or control their bodies. Given these limitations, developmental scientists have employed smart study paradigms and research technologies to better understand the developmental trajectories of cognition and social understanding in infancy. This review paper provides an overview of the study methods, including looking time measurements and modern neuroimaging techniques and discusses what these approaches taught us about the core knowledge that allows infants to better learn and interact with the world. Keywords: Infants, Cognitive development, Core knowledge, Developmental psychology ...

Dr. Ragea Mohamed Alqahtani
Dean, College of Education, Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Osama Hasan Gaber
Associate Professor of Psychology, College of Education – Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Putilov, Arcady A.
Chief researcher, Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia

Dr. Ana Paula Mendes Correia Couceiro Figueira
Assistant Professor, University of Coimbra , Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Dr. Sam Vaknin
Professor of Finance and Psychology in Centre for International Advanced and Professional Studies

Dr. M. Kubilay Akman
Associate Professor, Uşak University, Department of Sociology

Dr. Vittorio Lenzo
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychology Division, University of Messina, via A. Bivona 1, 98122 Messina

Dr. Salama Aqeel salama Al-mehsin
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology – Prince Sattam University Abdul Aziz -Saudi Arabia

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1.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Oliveira Melo, I.F.O; Silva, A.C.P.S; Vasconcelos, S.C; Silva, T.P.S. Training in Suicide Prevention for Health Professionals in Pernambuco. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:5
2.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Fretas Júnior, P.B; Vasconcelos, S.C; Sougey, E.B; Silva, T.P.S. The Association of Psychosocial Factors With Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:4

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International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2639-6041, DOI:10.28933/IJPRR) is a journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, and letters to the editor in Psychological Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of psychological research and reviews

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