International Journal of Social Research

Oriental Traditions [Taoism]: A Critical Option for Peace Building Initiative in the Contemporary Society

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Oriental Traditions [Taoism]: A Critical Option for Peace Building Initiative in the Contemporary Society Dr Kingsley Okoro N. Department of Philosophy and Religion, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Abakaliki-Nigeria. The 21st century seems to have been eclipsed by conflict, which makes people presume conflict as necessary part of the society resulting to emphasize on peace education. This paper having taken a critical study on various peace building models of peace education observes that these models as good us they may be have not addressed the root of conflicts in the modern society. However, the researcher being interested in finding a peace building model that will address this gap spotlights on Taoism as having the potential to offering the world their peace-dream. This tradition anchors on the principles of Tao, Yin-yang and Wu-wei. Basic to the trio concepts are the idea of pluralism, non-interference, and non-action. This paper in adopting historical and sociological methods of investigations concludes that if Taoist tradition is adopted as a peace building model, the desired peace shall soon become a reality. Keywords: Critical Option, Oriental Traditions. Peace Initiative, Taoism ...

Effect of Hand Washing Education on Primary School Pupils in Nkanu West Local Government Area (Lga) of Enugu State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Effect of Hand Washing Education on Primary School Pupils in Nkanu West Local Government Area (Lga) of Enugu State, Nigeria Anthony C. UGWUOKE, Ph.D1; Emenike Samuel UGWU, M.Sc2; Chiedozie Okechukwu OKAFOR, PhD3;Ngozi Rita ANI, Ph.D4, and Cathrine U. ENE, Ph.D5 1.Health Department Nkanu West LGA, Enugu state, 2. Code of Conduct Tribunal, Enugu Zonal Office, Enugu, Nigeria, 3. Department of Psychology, Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Ebonyi State, 4. Department of Health and Physical Education, Enugu state University of Science and Technology, 5. Department of Science Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The study explored the effectiveness of hand washing (hw) education on primary school pupils in Nkanu West LGA of Enugu state. Comparison group pretest-posttestdesign was utilized to execute the study. The population for the study was 9746 pupils. The samplefor the study was 48 pupils made up of 23 and 25 intact primary 5 classes from two separate schools. The instrument utilized for data collection was a 10-item hw achievement multiple-choice test (HaWaT) adapted from hw testdeveloped by Massachusetts Department of Public Health Division of Epidemiology and Immunization-MDPHDEI (2000). The HaWaT had sections A and B that sought data on knowledge and skills of hw respectively. The face and content validity of the instrument was established through the judgment of three expertsin health education, psychology and measurement/evaluation. The instrument was pilot tested in a school in the LGA that was different from the schools selected for this study using a test-retest method. The resultant data were correlated using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and it yielded a reliability coefficient of .78. Kuder-Richardson formula 20 was utilized to determine its internal consistency and it yielded a reliability index of .71. Data that were generated from the pre and posttest were analyzed using SPSS ...

New Challenges in Consent and Informed Consent in Society: Implantable Life-saving Medical Devices

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research New Challenges in Consent and Informed Consent in Society: Implantable Life-saving Medical Devices Dennis J. Mazur, MD, PhD Senior Scholar, Center for Ethics in Health Care, Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), Professor of Medicine (OHSU) Because of the success of keeping people alive after a life-threatening arrhythmia, the implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) has become an invasive medical device posing unique challenges to patients, physicians, and healthcare personnel. This paper examines the unique societal challenges of the ICD in the context of consent and informed consent in the Great Britain, the United States, Canada, and Australia. The main societal issues in consent and informed consent regarding implantable life-saving medical devices involve the types of information (individual vs. societal) that are to drive the discussion between patient and his or her physician. Keywords: New Challenges, Consent and Informed Consent, Implantable Life-saving Medical Devices ...

Women Empowerment for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Voices From Kenya

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Women Empowerment for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Voices From Kenyacation Susan Njogu, Dr. Doris Nyokagi, Wambu Charles Institute of Gender, Women and Development Studies, Egerton University, P.O Box 536 Egerton Rural women play a critical role in the rural economies of both developed and developing countries. In most parts of the developing world they participate in crop production and livestock care, provide food, water and fuel for their families, and engage in off-farm activities to diversify their families’ livelihoods. In addition, they carry out vital reproductive functions in caring for children, older persons and the sick. To understand the situation of rural women, it is necessary to examine the full diversity of their experiences in the context of the changing rural economy, including their position within household and community structures. A multi-stage sampling method was employed to select 136 respondents. Primary data was collected through the use of questionnaires and interview schedule and were subjected to both descriptive and inferential statistics. The mean farming experience was 11.4years, while mean farm size was 1.4ha. The main source of agricultural information was radio. Regression analysis showed that level of education, age and marital status were significantly related with level of participation. The findings conclude that women voices and level of participation is influenced by level of education, marital status and age. Therefore, the study recommends that women participation in sustainable livelihoods can only be achieved by empowering them with training and access to land in order to raise their voices in agricultural sector. Keywords: Women empowerment, Sustainability, Rural livelihoods and Women voices ...

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International Journal of social research