International Journal of Social Research


Social class control and domination in America: A critical revisitation of the Great Depression as lived by Americans, through the novel The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Social class control and domination in America: A critical revisitation of the Great Depression as lived by Americans, through the novel The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck 1KOMBIENI Didier, 2KPOHOUE Ferdinand, 3ADAM BONI Boubakar 1Faculté des Lettres, Arts et Sciences Humaines/ Université de Parakou (Rép. du Bénin); 2Faculté des Langues, Littératures, Arts et Civilisations/Université d’Abomey-Calavi (Rép. du Bénin); 3 Faculté des Lettres, Arts et Sciences Humaines/ Université de Parakou (Rép. du Bénin) One of the crucial events that have marked the world in general and the United States of America in particular in the early twentieth century, has been the Great depression ; it was a great economic crisis faced by the America, the already most powerful nation of the world. And if America was a victim, it clearly no doubt that the Great Depression was an international concern. In America, even though all social classes of people have suffered this economic crisis, the main victims have been the lower class, the one composed of employees and farm workers who have been exploited and despised by those wealthy people, bankers and employers, with government being passive. This has turned many into permanent migrants in search of better living. Such a situation could not go without drawing the attention of many writers, and the novel, The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck is set in that context. Steinbeck has then sought to expose and condemn both the American’s upper social class  disastrous policy and attitudes toward the working class, and the American government’s siding with the rich to worsen the great majority of people bad condition. In the novel, Steinbeck’s protagonists have first been deprived from the land they were born to live on, and have been obliged to migrate just to ...

Revenge for Humiliation as A Possible Cause of WWI

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Revenge for Humiliation as A Possible Cause of WWI Thomas Scheff* Prof. Emeritus, UCSB The causes of WWI: a problem that most historians have found difficult or even impossible to solve. My review of a book, The Sleepwalkers (2012), by the historian C. Clark, illustrates this problem (Scheff 2018). It is a best seller, and has been highly praised by reviewers. One example: “For a century the question of the origins of World War I has bedeviled historians. But no one who examines the question will be able to ignore “The Sleepwalkers’’. (David M. Shribman, March 23, 2013. Boston Globe.) However, like most attempts, Clark’s book doesn’t solve the puzzle. His solution is not clear, but it seems to be that both Germany and France were more or less equally at fault. However, the majority of attempts by other investigators seem to place Germany at fault, but with little or no systematic evidence. In particular they do not propose a clear and obvious MOTIVE for starting the war. It seems to me, however, that it was France that had such a motive: There is a hidden aspect of Clark’s book that neither the author nor any of the reviewers’ mention: humiliation as a possible cause of the war. When I searched Clark’s text, there were 18 mentions of humiliation, the first on page 51, the last on page 558. A large part of this usage occurs when the author quotes the major players in WWI: they use it to explain motives. For example, Edward Gray, Prime Minister in England during WWI is quoted as saying "If Britain were forced to choose between peace and the surrender of her international pre-eminence …peace at that price would be a humiliation intolerable …to endure." (pp ...

Uncovering the Human Insecurities and Coping Strategies of Indoor Sex Workers

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Uncovering the Human Insecurities and Coping Strategies of Indoor Sex Workers Belay Asmare Woldia University, Department of Political Science and International Relations The purpose of this article is to explore the human insecurities of indoor sex workers and coping strategies they use to reduce their insecurities of different kind in the case of Woldia Town. The article employed 10 purposively selected indoor sex workers for in-depth interviews and four key informants (2pimps: owners of the bar house and 2 NGOs working on sex workers) as a key informant interviewee. In addition, one FGD was held with indoor sex workers to elicit group ideas about the issue. The article revealed that indoor sex workers are found to be faced with different human insecurities in their work and coping strategies that they are using to reduce their security threats. In general, the study conclude that indoor sex workers are at a high risk of insecurities therefore serious attention must be paid in order to address this problem and it suggests that the government, police department, NGO projects and the community are expected to do a lot to reduce the problem. Keywords: Coping Strategies, Human Insecurities, Indoor Sex workers ...

SCHOOL BULLYING – AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research SCHOOL BULLYING – AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW Maia Manuela Campos1*; De Souza Murilo Henrique Bezerra Leite2; De Souza Jacyara Adrielle Bezerra Leite3; Nunes Eloina Angela Torres4; De Sá Rhayssa Oliveira Lopes5; Furtado Betise Mery Alencar Sousa Macau 6 Nursing Academic, University of Pernambuco (UPE-FENSG)1. Pharmacy Academic, UniFBV- Wayden2. Making Master’s Degree in forensic skills, University of Pernambuco (UPE-FOP)3,4,5. Prof Dr of the Master Program in Forensic Skills - University of Pernambuco (UPE)6 OBJECTIVE: To characterize the scientific production on the scenarios of school bullying through searches in online journals in the areas of Health, Social Sciences and Humanities, from 2013 to 2018. METHOD: This is an integrative literature review. The sample consisted of 43 publications. RESULTS: The survey revealed that the 2014, 2017 and 2018 period presented a number of (21.42%) publications, followed by 2013 to 2016 (14.28%) and finally the 2015 period corresponding to (7.14%). of the total score of publications. As for the predominant country of origin of the main author was Colombia (28.57%). The predominant area of knowledge of the first author was psychology (42.85%). CONCLUSION: The discussion about the practice of school violence, Bullying, has gained notoriety due to the intensification and severity of the phenomenon in the various scenarios, especially in educational institutions, whether public or private. The information gathered through this study stimulates the current, contemporary debate, collaborating for future research on this subject. Keywords: School harassment, School bullying, Bullying, School Violence ...

Prof. (DR) O. P. MONGA
Freelance Professor of Sociology, OB &HR and United Nations Volunteer (Online)

Dr. Gapsalamov Almaz Rafisovich
PhD in Economics, the head of department of economics and management, Kazan Federal University, Elabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University.

Dr. Ronaldo Pierre Cavalcanti Lundgren
Professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Dr. Teodoro Hernandez de Frutos

Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain, Member board Sociology Mind, Expert ANECA

Dr. Boychenko Mykhailo Ivanovych

Professor, Department of Theoretic and Practical Philosophy at Taras Shevchenko National university of Kyiv

Dr. Dennis J. Mazur
Senior Scholar, Center for Ethics in Health Care, and Professor of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon USA

Dr. Santosh Kumar Behera

Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University

Dr. Mehmet EROĞLU
Firat University Education Faculty, Educational Science Department, 23119, Elazig, Turkey

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Prof. Agney G K
Assistant Professor, Mar Thoma College, Thiruvalla

Dr. Neamtu Adina Claudia
Full professor, University “Constantin Brancusi” Targu-Jiu, Republicii Street, NO.1, JUD. GORJ

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. Santosh Kumar Jha
Senior Faculty, School of Fashion Leather Accessories Design, Footwear Design & Development Institute (Government of India)

Dr. Alireza Miremadi
Dean & Assistant Marketing Professor, Graduate School of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology-International Campus

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Sagar Chandrakant Jirapure
Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Jawaharlal Darda Institute of Engg and Technology.Yavatmal

Dr. Eşi Marius- Costel
 “Stefan cel Mare” University of Suceava

Dr. Zinchenko Viktor Viktorovich
Principal research scientist of the Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine;Professor of the department of management and innovative technologies of social and cultural activities of the National Pedagogical Dragomanov University; Head of the Department of Management of the Ukrainian Institute of Arts and Sciences;

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1.Rebecca S. Powers and Monica Calderon Pinedo. Comparing Places on Types of Internet Use. International Journal of Social Research, 2018; 2:19. DOI: 10.28933/ijsr-2018-06-2001 
2. Lei Zhang. Identity and Political Media Literacy of Youths in Hong Kong. International Journal of Social Research, 2018; 2:23. DOI:10.28933/ijsr-2018-10-0801

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International Journal of social research

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