International Journal of Social Research


IMPACT OF CULTURAL EVENTS ON THE CITY AND CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN IT

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research IMPACT OF CULTURAL EVENTS ON THE CITY AND CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN IT Prof. Dr. Virginija Jurėnienė, MA Aurelija Kuizinaitė Institute of Social Sciences and Applied Informatics, Vilnius University Kaunas Faculty A feature of the modern society is the city which tries to express itself by means of social and physical environment. One of the means of expression are events whose activities engage local residents, visitors, guests, tourists, and, of course, distant spectators by means of smart global technologies. Cultural activities manifest by implementing cultural projects of various areas, starting from one-time local events, and ending with large-scale international projects. Cultural tourism is a great opportunity of urban and regional tourism development. Implementation of cultural events in cities can have impact on cultural tourism development and its planning, and can be one of the very important economic as well as sociocultural impact of tourism that manifests by created infrastructure, increasing supply of services and entertainment, and lively cultural life in cities. The work is relevant because it reveals for the first time how mega cultural events in cities are or can be an effect for cultural tourism development in cities. Keywords: cultural events, city, types of impact, cultural tourism ...

Modernization strategies and agricultural development in Senegal: A model for policy analysis

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Modernization strategies and agricultural development in Senegal: A model for policy analysis Amadou NDIAYE1, Keith M. MOORE2 1UFR S2ATA, Université Gaston Berger, Saint Louis, Senegal; 2OIRED/Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA Since independence in Senegal, the agricultural sector has been considered the vanguard of development. With this intention, sector development strategies at a cost of billion dollars have been formulated around technical, economic and social axes. The technical axis consisted of introducing agricultural equipment and infrastructure, rebuilding the seed bank, and improving hydraulic management. The economic axis involved developing a formal credit system and new marketing systems. The social axis stressed new production units and professional associations. The results of these strategies of intensification, improved profitability, and producer organization remain limited and Senegalese agriculture continues to experience cyclical crises. Why don’t these strategies of modernization achieve the expected results? What strategy is needed to modernize and develop agriculture in Africa, and particularly in Senegal? To answer these questions, we introduce an analytic framework based on a study of over 50 years of Senegalese agricultural policy and practice (Ndiaye, 2013). This framework provides new policy insights by more clearly distinguishing between development strategy components, actors and consequences. Keywords: agricultural education, subsidies, producer organizations, intensification, profitability ...

Technological dependence, captive market and outsourcing in the Spanish telecommunications equipment industry Angel Calvo (UB)

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Technological dependence, captive market and outsourcing in the Spanish telecommunications equipment industry Angel Calvo (UB) Angel Calvo Honorary Lecturer (University of Barcelona, Spain) This article addresses the complex relations between the expansion of multinationals and economic nationalism in Southern Europe during a period of industrial crisis, growing economic integration and intense technological change, all amidst a notable alteration of the regulatory framework. The paper focuses on the process of global restructuring of the telecommunications industry in the two final decades of the 20th century and the first years of the new millennium. The period encompasses the transition from an industry based on the close linkage, if not strict integration, between the monopoly of the telephone service and the national telecommunication equipment industry. Methodologically, it is based on a case study - that of the International Telecommunication and Electronics Company -, on an interdisciplinary approach and on varied sources. The article reveals the factors behind the transformation of a vertically integrated company into one that outsourced its production before being engulfed by the globalized economy. It also highlights the role of international markets and, more specifically, the Latin American market. Keywords: Technological dependence, captive market and outsourcing, Spanish telecommunications equipment industry, Angel Calvo (UB) ...

Resilience and Quality of Life Among People Serving Prison Sentences in Penitentiary Institutions: The Mediating Role of Social Support

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Resilience and Quality of Life Among People Serving Prison Sentences in Penitentiary Institutions: The Mediating Role of Social Support Dr. Bartlomiej Skowronski1, Dr. Elżbieta Talik2 1Institute of Social Prevention and Resocialisation, Faculty of Applied Social Sciences and Resocialisation, University of Warsaw; 2Department of Clinical Psychology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland The aim of this study was to explore the associations between resilience and quality of life and the possible mediating influence of social support. As dependent variables, we tested QoL global score and its specific components: psychosocial, psychophysical, subjective, and metaphysical. In addition, we tested global social support and its aspects—psychosocial, psychophysical, subjective, and metaphysical—as mediators. The models we constructed are acceptable and each of the predictors is significant. The study confirmed the mediating effect of social support on QoL in prisoners. Keywords: Resilience and Quality of Life, People Serving Prison Sentences, Penitentiary Institutions, Mediating Role, Social Support ...

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International Journal of social research

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