International Journal of Social Research


Rural Hierarchy of Prosperity: A Study of Livelihood Diversification and Its Implications on Rurality

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Rural Hierarchy of Prosperity: A Study of Livelihood Diversification and Its Implications on Rurality Dwi Wulan Pujiriyani*¹, Endriatmo Soetarto², Dwi A Santosa³, Ivanovich Agusta² *¹National Land College, Yogyakarta, Indonesia; ²Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia; ³Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia. This study aimed to analyze the social changes in rural areas as a consequence of the shift of peasants to non-agrarian activities. Social change in the context of this paper is associated with livelihood diversification and its implications for rural restratification and its characteristic today.The research is conducted using qualitative method through community case study approach. Data collection is obtained through direct observation, face-to-face interviews and personal history. Respective perspective from three generations is used to track community history and changes that occur in the context of the village, community, and agricultural activities. The result shows that economic diversification has created a new rurality. New rurality or present-day rural characteristic are indicated by increasing prosperity, and agriculture that is no longer the dominant source of income. Livelihood diversification provides opportunities for vertical social mobility for the rural poors which are the offsprings of farm laborers and tenants who choose to become migrant workers in Korea. There has been a restratification characterized by the emergence of migrant groups as a new social class that shifts the upper class position previously occupied by landlords and their descendants. They are a new upper class in social stratification in the rural that manages to show their prosperity through the accumulation of capital from remittances they brought back to the village. Keywords: Indonesia, rural Java, migrants, landlords, restratification, social class, social change ...

Study on the Impact of Climate Change on Regional Instability

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Study on the Impact of Climate Change on Regional Instability Chenghang Cao1*, Zhang Liu2, Jiajin Lei3, Xiaoxiong Zuo2, Lei Liu2 1College of Economics and Management, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. 2College of Science, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. 3College of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. In this paper we will discuss the problem on how the regional instability of a country can be affected by the climate change. Based on the data collected about the national vulnerabilities, we select fifteen indicators by the principal component analysis. A new three-level indicator system is then established to assess the country’s vulnerability. To obtain and optimize the weight for each indicator used at different levels, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Gray Relational Analysis (GRA) are used. Based on this work, a measurement system including the climate, economic, security, politics and human development is set up to measure the vulnerability of the country. Keywords:Climate change; Regional instability; Three-level indicator system ...

Deconstructing the employment problem of adult autism spectrum disorders from the Strength Perspective

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Deconstructing the employment problem of adult autism spectrum disorders from the Strength Perspective Cuiliu Lv School of Law and Public Administration, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. The data show that the prevalence of autism in China is on the rise. As autistic patients grow up, their employment problems are highlighted. The current employment situation of older autistic groups is not ideal. This paper breaks away from the original “problem perspective” and “defect perspective” and introduces the “ strength perspective “ into the employment problem of adult autism spectrum disorders. After analyzing the contradiction between action and self-awareness in the plan, personal superiority and social discrimination, and the contradiction between membership and social security, from the perspective of superiority, the expectations and suggestions that are conducive to the employment of adult autism spectrum disorders are proposed. Keywords:  Strength perspective; Adult autism spectrum disorders; Employment ...

Cyberspace of the Fourth Scientific and Technological Revolution

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Cyberspace of the Fourth Scientific and Technological Revolution Oleg N. Yanitsky Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Chief Researcher, the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian academy of sciences. Address: 117218, Moscow, Krzizhanovskogo str., 24/35, bld. 5, Russia The aim of the article is to analyze briefly a modern phenomenon of the cyber space from the sociological and environmental viewpoints. The cyberspace is a material system constructed by a man. This space is now shaping by the technical means developed by the Fourth scientific and technological revolution (hereafter the STR-4). As a result, we are now living within a complex and inseparable sociobiotecnical reality of a double quality. It’s both environment and a variety of the agents, social, natural and virtual. The carrying structure of the cyberspace is an all-embracing and all-penetrating informational network. Three models of this space are considered: technocratic, socially constructed and alternative ones. The cyberspace is an instrument of capitalist accumulation, a particular branch of it and self-sustained phenomenon of a high complexity. The basic laws of its development are defined both by technological progress and contradictory global-local trends of evolution of a global whole. The cyberspace is a very mobile structure conditioned by the struggle for resources and geopolitical domination of the global stakeholders and therefore this space works as a promoter of global hybrid wars and other state of emergence. The media is a necessary instrument of a power, more influential than any other social institution of modern society. Therefore, it’s an inseparable part of the cyberspace. At the same time this space is shaped by many civil organizations and the individuals. Finally, the cyberspace is Janus like because it is simultaneously absolutely necessary for users and potentially risky for them. Keywords:  cyberspace, environment, ...

Prof. (DR) O. P. MONGA
Freelance Professor of Sociology, OB &HR and United Nations Volunteer (Online)

Dr. Gapsalamov Almaz Rafisovich
PhD in Economics, the head of department of economics and management, Kazan Federal University, Elabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University.

Dr. Ronaldo Pierre Cavalcanti Lundgren
Professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Dr. Teodoro Hernandez de Frutos

Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain, Member board Sociology Mind, Expert ANECA

Dr. Boychenko Mykhailo Ivanovych

Professor, Department of Theoretic and Practical Philosophy at Taras Shevchenko National university of Kyiv

Dr. Dennis J. Mazur
Senior Scholar, Center for Ethics in Health Care, and Professor of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon USA

Dr. Santosh Kumar Behera

Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University

Dr. Mehmet EROĞLU
Firat University Education Faculty, Educational Science Department, 23119, Elazig, Turkey

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Prof. Agney G K
Assistant Professor, Mar Thoma College, Thiruvalla

Dr. Neamtu Adina Claudia
Full professor, University “Constantin Brancusi” Targu-Jiu, Republicii Street, NO.1, JUD. GORJ

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. Santosh Kumar Jha
Senior Faculty, School of Fashion Leather Accessories Design, Footwear Design & Development Institute (Government of India)

Dr. Alireza Miremadi
Dean & Assistant Marketing Professor, Graduate School of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology-International Campus

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Sagar Chandrakant Jirapure
Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Jawaharlal Darda Institute of Engg and Technology.Yavatmal

Dr. Eşi Marius- Costel
 “Stefan cel Mare” University of Suceava

Dr. Zinchenko Viktor Viktorovich
Principal research scientist of the Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine;Professor of the department of management and innovative technologies of social and cultural activities of the National Pedagogical Dragomanov University; Head of the Department of Management of the Ukrainian Institute of Arts and Sciences;

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1.Rebecca S. Powers and Monica Calderon Pinedo. Comparing Places on Types of Internet Use. International Journal of Social Research, 2018; 2:19. DOI: 10.28933/ijsr-2018-06-2001 
2. Lei Zhang. Identity and Political Media Literacy of Youths in Hong Kong. International Journal of Social Research, 2018; 2:23. DOI:10.28933/ijsr-2018-10-0801

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International Journal of social research

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