International Journal of Social Research

Contradictions in Christianity

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Contradictions in Christianity Kuang-ming Wu The traditional Christianity shows itself full of contradictions when we casually look into it. Is it itself cracked to begin with? Upon reflection, we realize that its contradictions actually show how much beyond all our human wits and logic the Beyond-all is. This realization clues us into looking again, and Christianity then reveals itself with many levels of depths of love and justice in God our Creator. This paper instantiates some of these stunning revelations unnoticed before. Keywords: contradictions, love, justice, actuality ...

Feminine Language in Akachi Adimora-Ezeigbo’s Last of the Strong Ones

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Feminine Language in Akachi Adimora-Ezeigbo’s Last of the Strong Ones Dr. Ima Emmanuel DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH, UNIVERSITY OF UYO, UYO Literature generally evolves from a people’s historical and cultural experiences. Though both male and female writers explore their culture for sources of inspirations, and occasionally, for their techniques, the linguistic items employed by both writers to portray their visions are slightly different in the nature of language use as seen in Akachi Ezeigbo’s The Last of the Strong Ones. This paper investigates language use in Ezeigbo’s work using the feminist discourse approach with particular reference to Elaine Showalter’s ‘Gynocriticism’, which is the study of women as writers. This theoretical thrust provides critics with four models concerning the nature of criticism of female writers’ works. The paper affirms that in spite of what patriarchy calls the feminine in language use, which are gender differentiated linguistic behaviours Ezeigbo like most other female writers, employs language for distinctiveness and identity to express genuinely female consciousness in a personal, intimate tone. The preponderance of personal pronoun ‘I’ helps to present things in an involved and relational way; the frequent use of rhetorical questions are signs of conversational control, whereas the recurrent reference to land, nature and culture reaffirms women as great mothers. In all, Ezeigbo endows women with the power of speech as subjects in their use of linguistic features. Since the novel is a diversity of social speech types, language use also predisposes both sexes along linguistic differences. In conclusion the paper submits that language use as reflected in the feminist world-view, deals with women’s development and identity and not ‘otherness’ as patriarchy perceives it. Therefore, through the careful selection of the linguistic items, Ezeigbo extends the limits of the English language to accommodate her perceptions ...

Oriental Traditions [Taoism]: A Critical Option for Peace Building Initiative in the Contemporary Society

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Oriental Traditions [Taoism]: A Critical Option for Peace Building Initiative in the Contemporary Society Dr Kingsley Okoro N. Department of Philosophy and Religion, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Abakaliki-Nigeria. The 21st century seems to have been eclipsed by conflict, which makes people presume conflict as necessary part of the society resulting to emphasize on peace education. This paper having taken a critical study on various peace building models of peace education observes that these models as good us they may be have not addressed the root of conflicts in the modern society. However, the researcher being interested in finding a peace building model that will address this gap spotlights on Taoism as having the potential to offering the world their peace-dream. This tradition anchors on the principles of Tao, Yin-yang and Wu-wei. Basic to the trio concepts are the idea of pluralism, non-interference, and non-action. This paper in adopting historical and sociological methods of investigations concludes that if Taoist tradition is adopted as a peace building model, the desired peace shall soon become a reality. Keywords: Critical Option, Oriental Traditions. Peace Initiative, Taoism ...

Effect of Hand Washing Education on Primary School Pupils in Nkanu West Local Government Area (Lga) of Enugu State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Journal of Social Research Effect of Hand Washing Education on Primary School Pupils in Nkanu West Local Government Area (Lga) of Enugu State, Nigeria Anthony C. UGWUOKE, Ph.D1; Emenike Samuel UGWU, M.Sc2; Chiedozie Okechukwu OKAFOR, PhD3;Ngozi Rita ANI, Ph.D4, and Cathrine U. ENE, Ph.D5 1.Health Department Nkanu West LGA, Enugu state, 2. Code of Conduct Tribunal, Enugu Zonal Office, Enugu, Nigeria, 3. Department of Psychology, Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Ebonyi State, 4. Department of Health and Physical Education, Enugu state University of Science and Technology, 5. Department of Science Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The study explored the effectiveness of hand washing (hw) education on primary school pupils in Nkanu West LGA of Enugu state. Comparison group pretest-posttestdesign was utilized to execute the study. The population for the study was 9746 pupils. The samplefor the study was 48 pupils made up of 23 and 25 intact primary 5 classes from two separate schools. The instrument utilized for data collection was a 10-item hw achievement multiple-choice test (HaWaT) adapted from hw testdeveloped by Massachusetts Department of Public Health Division of Epidemiology and Immunization-MDPHDEI (2000). The HaWaT had sections A and B that sought data on knowledge and skills of hw respectively. The face and content validity of the instrument was established through the judgment of three expertsin health education, psychology and measurement/evaluation. The instrument was pilot tested in a school in the LGA that was different from the schools selected for this study using a test-retest method. The resultant data were correlated using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and it yielded a reliability coefficient of .78. Kuder-Richardson formula 20 was utilized to determine its internal consistency and it yielded a reliability index of .71. Data that were generated from the pre and posttest were analyzed using SPSS ...

Prof. (DR) O. P. MONGA
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Dr. Gapsalamov Almaz Rafisovich
PhD in Economics, the head of department of economics and management, Kazan Federal University, Elabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University.

Dr. Ronaldo Pierre Cavalcanti Lundgren
Professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Dr. Teodoro Hernandez de Frutos

Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain, Member board Sociology Mind, Expert ANECA

Dr. Boychenko Mykhailo Ivanovych

Professor, Department of Theoretic and Practical Philosophy at Taras Shevchenko National university of Kyiv

Dr. Dennis J. Mazur
Senior Scholar, Center for Ethics in Health Care, and Professor of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon USA

Dr. Santosh Kumar Behera

Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University

Dr. Mehmet EROĞLU
Firat University Education Faculty, Educational Science Department, 23119, Elazig, Turkey

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Prof. Agney G K
Assistant Professor, Mar Thoma College, Thiruvalla

Dr. Neamtu Adina Claudia
Full professor, University “Constantin Brancusi” Targu-Jiu, Republicii Street, NO.1, JUD. GORJ

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. Santosh Kumar Jha
Senior Faculty, School of Fashion Leather Accessories Design, Footwear Design & Development Institute (Government of India)

Dr. Alireza Miremadi
Dean & Assistant Marketing Professor, Graduate School of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology-International Campus

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Sagar Chandrakant Jirapure
Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Jawaharlal Darda Institute of Engg and Technology.Yavatmal

Dr. Eşi Marius- Costel
 “Stefan cel Mare” University of Suceava

Dr. Zinchenko Viktor Viktorovich
Principal research scientist of the Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine;Professor of the department of management and innovative technologies of social and cultural activities of the National Pedagogical Dragomanov University; Head of the Department of Management of the Ukrainian Institute of Arts and Sciences;

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International Journal of social research