International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation

Supplements and Enhancement Drugs: Athletes Torment Themselves with Potential Risks

Review Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Supplements and Enhancement Drugs: Athletes Torment Themselves with Potential Risks Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 51/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh An individual’s dietary and supplement strategies can influence markedly their physical performance. Issues related to knowledge of nutrition and dietary supplementation (DS) are understudied in professional athletes. Supplements nowadays are used with the aim of improve body composition, of which the origins are multiplex in structure. Many approaches to improve the response to resistance training are the use of pre-/post-/in between workout nutritional interventions; with beverages garnering significant interest. The health benefits and risks of dietary supplement use are controversial as there is no visible immediate benefits observed. Sports nutrition recommendations for endurance exercise however remains a complex issue with often opposing views and advice by various health care professionals. Many athletes, at all levels of competition, place great emphasis on the use of dietary supplements, but of all the factors that determine athletic performance, supplements can play only a very small role. Compared with factors such as talent, training, tactics, and motivation, nutrition has a small effect on performance, and supplements can be no more than a minor part of the athlete’s nutrition strategy. Keywords: dietary supplementation; Supplement abuse; anabolic steroid; protein beverages; creatine supplements; caffeine habituation; endurance training; Testosterone booster; Heavy metal toxicity ...

Arts and Science of Athletic Performance

Review Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Arts and Science of Athletic Performance Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 51/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh Athletes utilize numerous strategies to reduce body weight or body fat and to increase stamina prior to competition. Personalized nutrition in athletic populations aims to optimize health, body composition, and exercise performance by targeting dietary recommendations to an individual’s genetic profile. Additionally, athletes’ nutritional requirements may vary widely depending on sport, position, timing of season, and training vs rest day. Bodily hydration during sporting activity is one of the best indicators of health in athletes and can be a limiting factor for sport performance. Treatment for athletes is primarily to increase energy availability and often requires a team approach including a sport physician, sports dietitian, physiologist, and psychologist. Maximizing athletic performance is a passion that athletes, coaches, athlete support professionals, and sports scientists share. A thorough understanding of the basics of all aspects of human physiology and the ability of the body to adapt to the environmental stress of exercise training is the foundation we use to explain the incredible athletic and sport performances that are commonplace in today’s world. Keywords: performance, endurance, stamina, caloric restriction, altering body composition, lower-body heavy strength training; low energy availability; anabolic steroids ...

Systematization of Nursing Assistance (SAE) in the Care of the Victim Patient of Spinal Cord Injury in the Light of Orems Theory of Self-Care

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Systematization of Nursing Assistance (SAE) in the Care of the Victim Patient of Spinal Cord Injury in the Light of Orem's Theory of Self-Care: Academics' Experience Tâmara Ingrid de Oliveira1 *, Nádia Larissa Henrique de Lima2 , Claudenice Flávia dos Santos3 , Karol Fireman de Farias4 . 1Acadêmica de Enfermagem – Universidade Federal de Alagoas/Campus Arapiraca. 2 Acadêmica de Enfermagem – Universidade Federal de Alagoas/Campus Arapiraca. 3 Acadêmica de Enfermagem – Universidade Federal de Alagoas/Campus Arapiraca. 4 Doutora em Biotecnologia em Saúde - RENORBIO / UFPE. Docente do curso de bacharelado em Enfermagem na Universidade Federal de Alagoas – UFAL/Campus Arapiraca. Objectives: To report the experience of nursing students in assistance based on the Systematization of Nursing Care (SAE), founded by Self-care theory of Dorothea Orem, directed the patient victims of Trauma Spinal Cord (TRM). Methodology: study of the type of experience report. The experience occurred during the practical class of the discipline of Adult Health II given in an emergency hospital, located in Arapiraca-AL. During the care, anamnesis and physical examination, diagnosis, planning, implementation and nursing evaluation were performed. Results: some of the nursing diagnoses were anxiety, attitude towards positive care, impaired physical mobility, self-care deficit for bathing and hygiene, among others. Regarding the nursing interventions, some of them were to accompany the patient, administer medications, monitor respiratory condition, assess musculoskeletal condition, evaluate neurological condition, assist in mobility, among others. From this, the expected results were defined as presenting gas exchange with normalization of CO2 and O2 standards, improvement of respiratory pattern, passive physical mobility, anxiety relief, among others. Final considerations: It was noted that the patient with TSC benefits from developing an individual and targeted care plan. The implementation of the SAE ensures the role of nurses in ...

Nutritional Status of Athletes, Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Nutritional Status of Athletes, Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention, Petrolina - PE Arruda A.A.¹; Silva L.A.R.2; Alvez H.L.3; Tenório D.M.4; Muniz G.S.5 1,2Nutrition’s Student - UFPE (Campus Recife); 3,4Nutritionists – UPE (Campus Petrolina), 5Teacher/Researcher of Nutrition Departament– UFPE (Campus Recife) Introduction: Nutritional status is the condition that the body assumes due to the nutrition and metabolic expenditure, representing the sum of the interaction of somatic and functional elements responsible for the absorption of nutrients and adequacy of physiological needs. The deficit in the nutritional status of athletes has a direct impact on physical performance, anthropometry and glycemia. Objective: To evaluate the nutritional status related to the physical performance of athletes, founder and marathon runners of Petrolina before and after the nutritional intervention. Methodology: The population was composed by 10 athletes and marathonists of the Petrolinense Association of Athletics. The evaluation of the nutritional status was performed through anthropometric analysis: body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), skin fold and circumferences. Results and Discussion: After nutritional intervention, athletes reduced body weight (p = 0.034) and BMI (p = 0.025). Consequently, they decreased the percentage of subcutaneous fat by the bioimpedance method (p = 0.012), and promoted an increase in muscle mass (p = 0.010). With the application and orientation of the alimentary plane, only the folds of the abdominal (p = 0.034) and the calf (p = 0.001) showed a reduction in the subcutaneous lipid content. It is possible to verify a strong relation between the energy expenditure of the race and the anthropometric measures, mainly with the corporal mass. This association is explained by the fact that athletes who reduce their weight by the loss of body fat improve the relation with the content of lean mass, therefore, ...

Dr. John Caruso
Full Professor (Tenured), The University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA

Dr. Th. Nandalal Singh
Chairperson, Department of Physical Education, Panjab University, Chandigarh (UT)-160014, INDIA

Dr. Shyamal Koley
Professor & Head, Department of Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University

Associate Professor, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Science, Dumlupinar University, Campus of Evliya Celebi, 43100, Kutahya, Turkey

Dr. Sardar Mohammadi
Associate Professor, Department of Sport Management. Faculty of P. E. & sport sciences, University of Kurdistan

Dr Ravindra Baliram Khandare
Director of physical Education, Mula Education Socity Art, Comm, Sci Collage Sonai.

Dr.Mohammed Nader
Department of Biological Sciences and Sports Health ,Faculty of Physical Education, Suez Canal University

Dr. Gul Baltaci
PT.Ph.D. Professor, FACSM, CKTI,Private Ankara Guven Hospital, Ankara Turkey 

Dr. Bogdan Constantin Ungurean
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of IASI, ROMANIA

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation((ISSN:2637-5044; DOI:10.28933/IJSMR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in the area of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation.

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International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation