International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation


PHYSIOTHERAPY APPROACH IN MICROCEPHALY PATIENTS

Review Article of International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation PHYSIOTHERAPY APPROACH IN MICROCEPHALY PATIENTS Maria Anita Coelho Epaminondas ¹*, Jennifer Hellen Melo Sobral¹, Juliana Marina Campelo¹, Ana Clara de Andrade Pereira¹. 1Discente do Centro Universitário Maurício de Nassau, Uninassau, Recife-PE, Brasil INDRODUCTION: Microcephaly is a neurological condition with a craniofacial anomaly where it has a reduced cephalic perimeter, resulting in malformation of the central nervous system. In 2015, Brazil registered an outbreak of the disease, mainly in the states of northeastern Brazil, causing a state of alert in the entire population and a problem for public health that after investigative studies, concluded that the responsible for the outbreak would be the Zika virus. In general, the disease may present a delay in the neuropsychomotor development, the application of an early intervention program should be done in a systematic and individual way, respecting the various changes in each case. With the physiotherapist applicability occurs the contribution with the physical and psychic benefits, creating more possibilities for psychosocial rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To show the approach of physiotherapy to minimize the impairment caused by microcephaly, through appropriate treatments mediating the disability of each individual. METHODOLOGY: For this summary, a study was made on the need for physiotherapy in patients with microcephaly. It was conducted by electronic research in the databases Scielo, Pubmed and Bireme RESULTS: Microcephaly is a pathology that causes severe functional and cognitive alterations, being important the rehabilitation with purpose the stimulation of the child according to the neuropsychomotor age. The conduct of any technique in the first years of life helps in the process of maturation of the central nervous system, being considered important for the development of motor, cognitive and sensory skills. The study demonstrated that in addition to early interventions, the care with an interdisciplinary health team and ...

THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MULTIPROFESSIONAL APPROACH IN SOTOS SYNDROME

Research Article of International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MULTIPROFESSIONAL APPROACH IN SOTOS SYNDROME Andressa Gouveia de Araújo1*, Mateus Saulo Dantas Correia e Sá2, Nilian Cerqueira Azevêdo3. Introduction: Sotos syndrome or cerebral gigantism is a rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive physical growth in early childhood, being associated with the NSD1 gene, located on chromosome 5. The Individuals show as physical changes macrocephaly, neuropsychomotor retardation, stomatoglossognathic system alteration, delay in language acquisition and development, and cognitive deficit. Objectives: To report the importance of the approach of Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy, Physiotherapy and Psychology professional regarding intervention in a patient with Sotos syndrome. Local: Unit of Neuropsychomotor rehabilitation of the Specialized Center for Rehabilitation of a region of the Alagoas backwood. Methodology: Patient attended the aforementioned institution with medical diagnosis of Sotos Syndrome and with complaints of motor deficit, delay in acquisition, development and use of oral language, difficulty in oral control, and cognitive and behavioral changes. Initially, the basic script for multiprofessional institutional evaluation was applied, as a way to gather more information about the general complaint of the patient, made the anamneses and specific evaluations of occupational therapy, phonoaudiology physiotherapy and psychology, looking to promote the rescue of specific complaints. Was also performed the application of the UTP- Unique Therapeutic Project, seeking to list the CIF of the patient and the objectives to be drawn in the short, medium and long term. The multiprofessional rehabilitation regarding of this patient was performed from preselected play resources, where she also had guidelines regarding early stimulation. Results: After 1 year in the unit of neuropsychomotor rehabilitation, it was observed that there was significant improvement in all aspects evaluated. With regard physiotherapeutic rehabilitation and occupational therapy, the patient shows improvement in gait resulting from lower limb strengthening and ...

THE USE OF ELASTIC BANDAGE IN TREATMENT OF SPEECH THERAPY IN PATIENTS POST ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY

Research Article of International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation THE USE OF ELASTIC BANDAGE IN TREATMENT OF SPEECH THERAPY IN PATIENTS POST ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY Andressa Gouveia de Araújo1*, Nilian Cerqueira Azevêdo2, Mateus Saulo Dantas Correia e Sá3. Introduction: The orthognathic surgery is realized for the correction of maxillo-mandibular disproportions, providing improvement in aesthetics and setting a harmony between anatomical structures. As it is a readjustment of these structures, these patients may present a demand for speech therapists interventions, either in pre or post-operative with the objective of set a new functional pattern suitable to the new form. Objectives: To describe the experience regarding the effectiveness of patients post orthognathic surgery with the use of elastic bandage associated with speech therapy. Local: Specialized Center in Rehabilitation of the municipality of Maceió. Methods: A descriptive study of the experience in patients submitted to the orthognathic surgery. Interventions and lectures were realized in order to solve the doubts regarding speech therapy. The purpose of the action is to realize anamnesis, evaluation and speech-language intervention, focused on the area of orofacial motricity, in patients who entered the rehabilitation center and looked for phonoaudiological demand after orthognathic surgery. Results: Five patients who had realize orthognathic surgery to correct maxillo-mandibular disproportion were observed. Initially, a anamnesis speech-language pathology was realized, with the objective of knowing the clinical history and demand of each patient. Then, evaluations were carried out based on validated protocols, in order to analyze how was the structures and functions related to orofacial motricity, in order to draw up the therapeutic plan of these patients. Of the five patients initially mentioned, four presented a demand to apply for elastic bandage associated with the performance of speech therapy. The sessions were performed once a week, where orofacial myofunctional exercises were performed during therapy and ...

Supplements and Enhancement Drugs: Athletes Torment Themselves with Potential Risks

Review Article of International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Supplements and Enhancement Drugs: Athletes Torment Themselves with Potential Risks Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 51/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh An individual’s dietary and supplement strategies can influence markedly their physical performance. Issues related to knowledge of nutrition and dietary supplementation (DS) are understudied in professional athletes. Supplements nowadays are used with the aim of improve body composition, of which the origins are multiplex in structure. Many approaches to improve the response to resistance training are the use of pre-/post-/in between workout nutritional interventions; with beverages garnering significant interest. The health benefits and risks of dietary supplement use are controversial as there is no visible immediate benefits observed. Sports nutrition recommendations for endurance exercise however remains a complex issue with often opposing views and advice by various health care professionals. Many athletes, at all levels of competition, place great emphasis on the use of dietary supplements, but of all the factors that determine athletic performance, supplements can play only a very small role. Compared with factors such as talent, training, tactics, and motivation, nutrition has a small effect on performance, and supplements can be no more than a minor part of the athlete’s nutrition strategy. Keywords: dietary supplementation; Supplement abuse; anabolic steroid; protein beverages; creatine supplements; caffeine habituation; endurance training; Testosterone booster; Heavy metal toxicity ...

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International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation

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