International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation


Arts and Science of Athletic Performance

Review Article of International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Arts and Science of Athletic Performance Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 51/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh Athletes utilize numerous strategies to reduce body weight or body fat and to increase stamina prior to competition. Personalized nutrition in athletic populations aims to optimize health, body composition, and exercise performance by targeting dietary recommendations to an individual’s genetic profile. Additionally, athletes’ nutritional requirements may vary widely depending on sport, position, timing of season, and training vs rest day. Bodily hydration during sporting activity is one of the best indicators of health in athletes and can be a limiting factor for sport performance. Treatment for athletes is primarily to increase energy availability and often requires a team approach including a sport physician, sports dietitian, physiologist, and psychologist. Maximizing athletic performance is a passion that athletes, coaches, athlete support professionals, and sports scientists share. A thorough understanding of the basics of all aspects of human physiology and the ability of the body to adapt to the environmental stress of exercise training is the foundation we use to explain the incredible athletic and sport performances that are commonplace in today’s world. Keywords: performance, endurance, stamina, caloric restriction, altering body composition, lower-body heavy strength training; low energy availability; anabolic steroids ...

Systematization of Nursing Assistance (SAE) in the Care of the Victim Patient of Spinal Cord Injury in the Light of Orems Theory of Self-Care

Research Article of International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Systematization of Nursing Assistance (SAE) in the Care of the Victim Patient of Spinal Cord Injury in the Light of Orem's Theory of Self-Care: Academics' Experience Tâmara Ingrid de Oliveira1 *, Nádia Larissa Henrique de Lima2 , Claudenice Flávia dos Santos3 , Karol Fireman de Farias4 . 1Acadêmica de Enfermagem – Universidade Federal de Alagoas/Campus Arapiraca. 2 Acadêmica de Enfermagem – Universidade Federal de Alagoas/Campus Arapiraca. 3 Acadêmica de Enfermagem – Universidade Federal de Alagoas/Campus Arapiraca. 4 Doutora em Biotecnologia em Saúde - RENORBIO / UFPE. Docente do curso de bacharelado em Enfermagem na Universidade Federal de Alagoas – UFAL/Campus Arapiraca. Objectives: To report the experience of nursing students in assistance based on the Systematization of Nursing Care (SAE), founded by Self-care theory of Dorothea Orem, directed the patient victims of Trauma Spinal Cord (TRM). Methodology: study of the type of experience report. The experience occurred during the practical class of the discipline of Adult Health II given in an emergency hospital, located in Arapiraca-AL. During the care, anamnesis and physical examination, diagnosis, planning, implementation and nursing evaluation were performed. Results: some of the nursing diagnoses were anxiety, attitude towards positive care, impaired physical mobility, self-care deficit for bathing and hygiene, among others. Regarding the nursing interventions, some of them were to accompany the patient, administer medications, monitor respiratory condition, assess musculoskeletal condition, evaluate neurological condition, assist in mobility, among others. From this, the expected results were defined as presenting gas exchange with normalization of CO2 and O2 standards, improvement of respiratory pattern, passive physical mobility, anxiety relief, among others. Final considerations: It was noted that the patient with TSC benefits from developing an individual and targeted care plan. The implementation of the SAE ensures the role of nurses in ...

Nutritional Status of Athletes, Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention

Research Article of International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Nutritional Status of Athletes, Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention, Petrolina - PE Arruda A.A.¹; Silva L.A.R.2; Alvez H.L.3; Tenório D.M.4; Muniz G.S.5 1,2Nutrition’s Student - UFPE (Campus Recife); 3,4Nutritionists – UPE (Campus Petrolina), 5Teacher/Researcher of Nutrition Departament– UFPE (Campus Recife) Introduction: Nutritional status is the condition that the body assumes due to the nutrition and metabolic expenditure, representing the sum of the interaction of somatic and functional elements responsible for the absorption of nutrients and adequacy of physiological needs. The deficit in the nutritional status of athletes has a direct impact on physical performance, anthropometry and glycemia. Objective: To evaluate the nutritional status related to the physical performance of athletes, founder and marathon runners of Petrolina before and after the nutritional intervention. Methodology: The population was composed by 10 athletes and marathonists of the Petrolinense Association of Athletics. The evaluation of the nutritional status was performed through anthropometric analysis: body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), skin fold and circumferences. Results and Discussion: After nutritional intervention, athletes reduced body weight (p = 0.034) and BMI (p = 0.025). Consequently, they decreased the percentage of subcutaneous fat by the bioimpedance method (p = 0.012), and promoted an increase in muscle mass (p = 0.010). With the application and orientation of the alimentary plane, only the folds of the abdominal (p = 0.034) and the calf (p = 0.001) showed a reduction in the subcutaneous lipid content. It is possible to verify a strong relation between the energy expenditure of the race and the anthropometric measures, mainly with the corporal mass. This association is explained by the fact that athletes who reduce their weight by the loss of body fat improve the relation with the content of lean mass, therefore, ...

Food Consumption of Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention, Petrolina

Research Article of International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Food Consumption of Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention, Petrolina - PE Silva L.A.R¹; Arruda A.A2; Alvez H.L3; Tenório D.M4; Muniz G.S5 1,2Nutrition’s Student– UFPE (Campus Recife); 3,4Nutritionists – UPE (Campus Petrolina), 5Teacher/Researcher of Nutrition Departament– UFPE (Campus Recife) Introduction: Food behavior is determined by interactions between physiological, psychological, genetic and environmental factors, besides being related to the nutritional status of the individual, represented by the sum of the interaction of somatic and functional elements responsible for nutrient absorption and adequacy of the physiological needs. Objective: To evaluate the dietary intake related to the physical performance of athletes, dietitians and marathon runners of Petrolina before and after the nutritional intervention. Methodology: The population was 10 athletes of the Petrolinense Association of Athletics (APA). Food intake was performed by the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and the 24h recall (R24h). Calories, macronutrients and micronutrients were quantified before and after nutritional intervention. The consumption analysis was performed by dietwin. Results and Discussion: The energy consumed by the athletes was lower than the recommendation (p = 0.015); the carbohydrates and lipids consumed also presented inferior to the recommendations. In addition, only the protein did not differentiate between the consumed and the recommendation (p = 0.07). No changes were observed in relation to consumption and recommended (after intervention) at calcium and sodium levels - p> 0.05. There was also no statistical difference between the intake of saturated fat (p = 0.856) and fibers (p = 0.887). The lower consumption of energy and carbohydrates by the athletes according to the physical modality practiced, can affect the yield. The lipid intake lower than the recommendations was related to the concern in reducing the weight and to combat the increase of the subcutaneous fat, altering the corporal ...

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International Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation

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