International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine



Physiological Benefits Of Yogic Practices: A Brief Review

Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Physiological Benefits Of Yogic Practices: A Brief Review Madanmohan Trakroo1 , Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani 2 * 1 Professor and Head, Department of Physiology, MGMCRI and Director, CYTER, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pillayarkuppam, Pondicherry - 607 402. 2 Deputy Director, Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education & Research (CYTER), Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pillayarkuppam, Pondicherry 607 402. Background: Yoga is becoming popular worldwide and many studies and systematic reviews are being published with scientific evidence of its health promoting abilities and therapeutic potential in various psychosomatic conditions. Aims and objective: This short review paper takes a bird's eye view of some health promoting benefits of yoga with regard to different systems as understood by modern medical physiology. Possible mechanisms for such physiological, biochemical and psychological effects are elucidated with references. Conclusion: Though most of the research studies and systematic reviews give evidence of in enhancing physiological functions of virtually every system, more exhaustive and rigorous studies are still advocated required to establish these positive benefits in conclusive terms. It is important to not forget the qualitative aspects of such benefits in our quest for quantitative findings when dealing with mind-body therapies and lifestyle modifications that have preventive, promotive, rehabilitative and curative potential as an adjunct therapy. Keywords:  health, physiology, yoga, stress, yoga therapy ...

Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care among Pregnant Women in Moba Lga of Ekiti State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care among Pregnant Women in Moba Lga of Ekiti State, Nigeria Owoseni Joseph Sina Department of Sociology, Ekiti State University Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. This study investigated factors that influence Utilization of antenatal cares among pregnant women in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti state. Descriptive research design was used for the study. The population for the study consisted of all pregnant women who are receiving antenatal cares in maternity centres and hospitals in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample. This study concluded that knowledge and attitude of pregnant women towards the utilization of an antenatal care services are encouraging and determine to a large extent their interest in using the services. It was recommended that government should endeavour to provide both human and material resources needed for effective utilization of antenatal care services and the services should be made completely free so that women from low socio-economic statuses would be able to assess it. Keywords:  Utilization, Antenatal Care, Pregnancy, Women, Ekiti ...

Popularization of traditional and complementary medicine: Urging voluminous effort driving towards scientific evaluation of safety and efficacy

Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Popularization of traditional and complementary medicine: Urging voluminous effort driving towards scientific evaluation of safety and efficacy Papiya Bigoniya Principal, Radharaman College of Pharmacy, Ratibad, Bhopal, 462002, M.P., India Traditional medicines are widely used in developing countries with fast gaining popularity all over the world. Traditional medicine practices has long historical background that passes on from generation to generation. The quantity and quality, safety and efficacy of traditional medicine has became a worldwide concern emphasizing the need to develop harmonized international standards. The global market for herbal remedies is about $83 billion and growing at 10 to 20 percent yearly with the top global players like Germany, Asia, Japan, Europe and North America. Traditional therapies have a popular perception lower adverse effects rate as consumers perceive that natural sourced products are less likely to cause problems. The common causes of herbal product related adverse reaction occurrence are use toxic herbs, overdose, drug–herb interactions and idiosyncratic reactions. Herbal are mostly used over the counter without knowledge or advice of practitioner rising safety concern. Quality issues of traditional products are due to improper processing, adulteration, misidentification, missing of one or more herbs in a product, substitution, inclusion of prescription drugs, contamination and variability in active ingredient. Scientific study to assess safety and efficacy, composition, dosage form requirements are need of the time. Regulations governing the safety, quality and efficacy of traditional and complementary therapies vary widely from country to country and many countries do not have formal system for traditional and complementary medicine registration. Implementation of good manufacturing practice in cultivation, harvesting and processing along with chromatographic fingerprinting will greatly contribute to quality control of traditional medicines. Rigorous research is required for preclinical safety-efficacy, toxicology and clinical trials of traditional and complementary medicine. Boosting ...

Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a)pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a)pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice Avinaba Mukherjee1, Sourav Sikdar1 and Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh1* 1Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani-741235, West Bengal, India. Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 2. Relative anticancer potentials of six flavonol fractions (F1-F6) isolated from Thuja occidentalis extract were first evaluated against lung cancer cells A549 in vitro, and fraction- F4 showing the maximum protective ability, was then tested in mice intoxicated with Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a known carcinogen with major effect on lung, to learn if this could also have ameliorative action against lung toxicity and tissue damage in mice in vivo. Chemical nature of F1-F6 fractions was confirmed with specific flavonol confirmatory test and mass spectral analysis; all fractions were tested for their possible anticancer effects against A549 cells. Results suggested that fraction 4 (F4) had the strongest anticancer effect. When treated to BaP intoxicated mice, F4 induced recovery of damaged lung tissue, presumably through inhibition of ROS generation, and enhanced production of major antioxidant molecules, that in turn blocked PI3K-activated expressions of Akt. Decrease in Bcl2/Bax ratio, over-expression of p53 gene and activation of caspase 3 were observed in tissues of F4 treated mice, further confirming apoptotic cell death as its major target. The F4 fraction of Thuja occidentalis extract showed remarkable apoptotic potential against lung cancer cells and ameliorative ability against BaP induced lung toxicity. Keywords: Flavonol; benzo[a]pyrene toxicity; lung toxicity; PI3K/Akt pathway; reactive oxygen species (ROS), Thuja occidentalis ...

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International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

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