International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine



Indigenous Bone Setting in Ethiopia: in case on Addis Ababa University student

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Indigenous Bone Setting in Ethiopia: in case on Addis Ababa University student Kebede Lemu Bekelcha, Aregash Eticha Sefera, Shamil Husen, Yohannes Natnael Fisseha Bule Hora University Indigenous medicine is a total combination of knowledge and practices that can be formally explained or used in preventation and elimination of physical, mental or social imbalance and relying exclusively on practical experience and observation handed down from generation to generation whether verbally or in writing (Endalew,2007). Most of the populations of the developing countries use indigenous medicine to meet their primary health care needs. Indigenous medicine is known in many countries of Africa to meet some of their primary health care. In Africa, up to 80% of the population uses indigenous medicine. Ethiopia is one part of African countries in which indigenous medicine has long history before the beginning of modern medicine. In Ethiopia, indigenous medicine is highly practiced and many Ethiopian societies depend on the use of indigenous medicine and indigenous healing systems to deal with their health practices. It has been providing both preventative and curative services for Ethiopian peoples. Even today, as various studies have shown that about 90% of Ethiopian still depends on indigenous medicine. This indicate that the presence of two medical systems like indigenous and modern neither of them can adequately address the health care needs of the total population (Assefa,1986). But there is the reason why the majority of people still deep follow the services of indigenous medicine. It is because of accessibility of indigenous medicine compared to modern medicine and most of people have a limited chance of setting modern health care systems (Wondwossen, 2005). In Ethiopia, indigenous medicine is not limited to rural areas, rather also has numerous roles in urban areas of the ...

“Spitting as traditional medicine” – why alpha-emitting nanoparticul- ates make spitting an unfortunate but significant contribution to health

Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine “Spitting as traditional medicine” - why alpha-emitting nanoparticulates make spitting an unfortunate but significant contribution to health Florent Pirot Independent Researcher Spitting is a human reflex as old as civilization, related, mainly, as is shown, to the evacuation of internal contamination with alpha-emitting nanoparticulates, a contamination with many causes, from car fumes and industrial smokes, coal ashes and cement, radon, phosphated fertilizers, to depleted uranium weapons and natural dust and tap water in areas of high natural radioactivity, as well as cigarettes, for the main sources. Strong levels of coal ash pollution together with high natural radioactivity explain for instance the spitting “custom” in Chinese streets, together with long distances between workplace and home, widespread cigarette use, and lack of public toilets. Alphaemitting nanoparticulates become a part of the digestion cycle in meat-eaters, but not without collateral damage. Keywords: Spitting; alpha-emitting nanoparticulates; Irritable bowel syndrome; meat eating; digestive diseases; miction control; sphincter control; bowel control ...

Sedative, hypothermic, anxiolytic effects and rapid radical scavenging property of aqueous leaf extract of Vitex doniana (Lamiaceae) in mice

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Sedative, hypothermic, anxiolytic effects and rapid radical scavenging property of aqueous leaf extract of Vitex doniana (Lamiaceae) in mice Joshua Oloruntobi IMORU1*, Ayodeji Oluwabunmi ORIOLA2, Idris Ajayi OYEMITAN1 and Moses Atanda AKANMU1 1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. 2Drug Research and Production Unit, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria Vitex doniana is used ethnomedicinally for the management of madness, insanity, and epilepsy. This study was undertaken to evaluate the sedative, hypothermic and anxiolytic effects of crude aqueous leaf extract of Vitex doniana (AVD) in mice, as well as its rapid radical scavenging property. Doses of 250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg AVD were adopted for the pharmacological testing in mice of both sexes (n=6). The behavioural effects of the extract in the open field apparatus were determined. AVD was evaluated for its anxiolytic effect, using elevated T- maze, staircase, and hole-board models. While the sedative and hypothermic effects of the extract in mice were determined by assessments of ketamine-induced sleeping time and rectal temperature respectively. AVD was subjected to rapid radical scavenging test using thin-layer chromatography (TLC)-bioautography. The results showed AVD to have an inhibitory effect on CNS in the open field test. AVD demonstrated anxiolytic effect at 250 mg/kg, and sedative effect at 500 and 1000 mg/kg. The sedative effect of AVD at 500 and 1000 mg/kg was further revealed in ketamine-induced sleeping time and rectal temperature. AVD also showed strong free radical scavenging property attributed to the presence of fatty acid esters, terpenes, phenolics, and phenolic glycosides. AVD is acutely non-toxic and it possesses significant sedative, hypothermic and anxiolytic effects, which could in part be due to the presence of rapid free radical scavenging compounds, thus, providing pharmacological ...

Phytochemicals extracted from Cola nitida leaf possess antimalarial effects and improve derangements in haematological indices of Plasmodium berghei- infected mice.

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Phytochemicals extracted from Cola nitida leaf possess antimalarial effects and improve derangements in haematological indices of Plasmodium berghei- infected mice. Zailani, A. H., Iliyas, M. B., Benjamin, L., Ibrahim, B. A., Ubah, B., *Lamiya, A. Department of Biochemistry, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria Classical antimalarial drugs such as quinine and artemisinin are both plant derived suggesting that plants are a promising source of bioactive components that can help in combating the scourge of malaria. Cola nitida leaf has been reported to possess antimalarial activity and also contain pharmacologically active phytochemicals including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins and phenolics. The effects of these phytochemicals in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei was evaluated in this study. For each phytochemical, 7 groups (A-G) of eight mice each were used. Groups A and B served as normal and infected controls respectively. Group C was treated with 20 mg/Kg body weight of chloroquine and served as the treated control. Groups D, E and F were administered 12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg body weight of the different phytochemicals while group F was treated with 50 mg/Kg body weight of the phytochemicals only without parasite inoculation thus serving as extract control. Treatment commenced 72 hrs after inoculation and was done once orally for four consecutive days after which parasitaemia was evaluated. All the phytochemicals were found to exhibit antimalarial activity in a dose dependent manner. The mean survival time of all the experimental groups were also prolonged in a dose dependent manner compared to that of untreated control. Similarly, all the phytochemicals improved the altered haematological indices towards normal. These phytochemicals of Cola nitida exhibited significant antimalarial activities and thus can be further studied in the search for novel antimalarial drugs. Keywords: Antimalarial; phytochemical; in ...

Manuscript Title: The title should be a brief phrase.

Author Information: List full names and affiliation of all authors, including Emails and phone numbers of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be less than 500 words. Following abstract, a list of keywords and abbreviations should be added. The keywords should be no more than 10. Abbreviation are only used for non standard and long terms.

Introduction: The introduction should included a clear statement of current problems.

Materials and Methods: This section should be clearly described.

Results and discussion: Authors may put results and discussion into a single section or show them separately.

Acknowledgement: This section includes a brief acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds

References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1. Hongmei YANG. A study on the Management Mode of Modern Vocational Education in China. Global journal of Economics and Business Administration, 2018, 3: 10.DOI: 10.28933/gjeba-2018-07-2301 

Tables and figures: Tables should be used at a minimum with a short descriptive title. The preferred file formats for Figures/Graphics are GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.

Publication fees: We do not charge any submission charges, but authors are required to pay publication fees after their manuscripts are accepted for publication. For authors who receive our invitations, please send us the invitation code to receive the special discount.

Proofreading and Publication: A proof will be sent to the corresponding author before publication. Authors should carefully read the proof to avoid any errors and return the proof to the editorial office. Editorial office will publish the article shortly.

Withdrawal Policy: When you want to withdraw an article, please contact us. We will withdraw/retract it from our system after reviewing your request.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/Disclaimer/Other Policies: you agree that by using or receiving our services, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies.

About the journal
The journal is hosted by eSciPub LLC. Our aim is to provide a platform that encourages publication of the most recent research and reviews for authors from all countries.


About the publisher
eSciPub LLC is a publisher to support Open Access initiative located in Houston, Texas, USA. It is a member of the largest community of professional publishers in the United States: the Independent Book Publishers Association. It hosts more than 100 Open Access journals in Medicine, Business & Economics, Agriculture, Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Education, Physical Sciences, Sociology, and Engineering and Technology.


Rapid Response Team
Please feel free to contact our rapid response team if you have any questions. Our customer representative will answer your questions shortly.

International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Loading