International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine



Ethnomedicinal Survey of Medicinal Plants Traditionally Used in Ogurugu Community Southeast Nigeria for the Treatment of Malaria

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Ethnomedicinal Survey of Medicinal Plants Traditionally Used in Ogurugu Community Southeast Nigeria for the Treatment of Malaria Cletus .A. Ukwubile*, Otalu Otalu, Umar Abdulrahim, Alexander .E. Angyu, Y.K. Aliyu5, Salihu Njidda, Mathias. S. Bingari Malaria is described as a disease that is caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium. The parasites are transmitted to humans through the bites of an infected vector the female Anopheles mosquitoes. There are about 100 million estimated cases of malaria resulting in more than 300,000 deaths annually in Nigeria. This figure is high when compared to deaths from infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS. Maternal mortality from malaria fever alone is estimated at 11%. Despite preventive measures to avoid mosquito bites by use of insecticide-treated nets (ITN), and chemotherapy such as the use of artemisinin combination therapy (ACT), very little results were achieved, as the parasite seems to have developed resistance to these measures. This study was aimed at surveying medicinal plants used in folk medicine by the Ogurugu community Southeast Nigeria for the treatment of malaria. Traditional medicine practitioners, native herbalists, traditional healers, and product marketers were interviewed orally and the use of 200 structured questionnaires on the plants used to treat malaria as well as medicinal plants used for the treatment. Morphological parts of fifty-four (54) plant species from thirty-two (33) families were collected in the survey. Only 30 % of the plants surveyed were reported to have antimalarial activities against Plasmodium berghei. Family Asteraceae have the highest number of species diversity with 11.54 % (6), followed by Family Annonaceae with 9.62% (5) and Family Euphorbiaceae with 5.77% (3), whereas Amaranthaceae, Anacardiaceae, Humiriaceae and Sterculiaceae Families have each 3.85 % (2) species diversity. Other Families have 1.92 % (1) species distribution. A decoction ...

Proximate Analysis, Phtochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Of Different Strains of Auricularia auricula-judae (Ear Mushroom)

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Proximate Analysis, Phtochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Of Different Strains of Auricularia auricula-judae (Ear Mushroom) Mohammad Azizur Rahman*, Abdullah Al Masud, Nilufar Yasmin Lira, Salman Shakil Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka 1342, Bangladesh. In this study, proximate analysis, phytochemical screening and antioxidant activity of two strains of ear mushroom Auricularia auricula (arbitrarily named strain 3 and 5) and their mix, cultivated in Bangladesh National Mushroom Development Institute, have been determined. Protein content per 100 gm of strain 5, 7 and mix had been found to be 298.69mg, 278.85mg and 286.19mg, respectively. Lipid content estimated were 2.43gm, 1.96 gm and 2.4gm, respectively, while that of ash were 4.42 gm, 6.11gm and 3.93gm, respectively. A. auricula strain 7 contained highest amounts of total phenol, total flavonoid, ascorbic acid and reducing sugar than the others. Among the three strains evaluated in the present study, A. auricula 7 contained highest nutritional and medicinal components. Thus, A. auricula 7 might be an ideal food supplement to the consumers. Keywords: Anti-oxidant; Auricularia auricula; Phytochemical analysis; Proximate composition ...

Remediation for oligospermia in males using the extract of traditional herbs Withania somnifera and Emila sanchifolia

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Remediation for oligospermia in males using the extract of traditional herbs Withania somnifera and Emila sanchifolia Elizabeth Mathew K a, G.Athinarayanan b, C.Padmalatha. c, and A J A Ranjitsingh d a.Fertility Clinic Mallapuram Kerala, b-Department of Microbiology .SRNY College, Tenkasi, c-Dept.of Animal sciences, MS University,dDept of Biotechnology Prathyusha Engineering College, Chennai Due to life style changes, climatic changes, occupational problems and Food, air and water pollutants, the present generation of human beings are affected much of the different health issues, sterile marriage is a matter of great concern. The infertility rate is increasing at an alarming rate. In the infertility marriage, the male factor is more responsible for sterility. To improve male semen quality traditional plant remedy were tried for 3 treatment duration of each 40 days. Aqueous extracts of two medicinal plants Withania somnifera and Emila sanchifolia were given to chronic cases of infertile males with oligospermia. The results obtained for the plant extract treated and untreated groups showed a remarkable difference in the semen parameters .In the plant drug treated males, the total sperm count, motility, pH, and non -deformed sperms are above the optimum levels prescribed for normal fertility .The present study clearly indicates that the mixture of plant extracts exerted a good improvement in semen characteristics. Keywords: Withania somnifera ; Emila sanchifolia; infertility;semen quality; oligospermia ...

Standardization and HPTLC, Fingerprinting study of Poly Herbal Formulation-Habb-e-Falij, traditionally used in the treatment of Paralysis and Facial Paisy treatment

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Standardization and HPTLC, Fingerprinting study of Poly Herbal Formulation-Habb-e-Falij, traditionally used in the treatment of Paralysis and Facial Paisy treatment Pawan Kumar Sagar*, R. Murugeswaran, M.W.Ahmed, Shahidul Khair,S.A.Ansari, Sonali Sajwan, S.A.A. Hashmi, Mohd Asif, Jitendra Kumar Drug Standardization Research Institute, (Under CCRUM, Ministry of AYUSH., Govt. of India), PLIM Campus, II nd Floor, Kamla Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad, U.P., India Standardization is used to describe all measures under taken during the manufacturing process and quality control of drug assuring its reproducible quality. Most of the traditional medicines are effective but still they lack in their standard parameters. Therefore, we need to develop standard techniques to standardize and validate herbal formulations. The drug Habb-e-Falij is therapeutically useful in the treatment of Falij or Laqwa (Paralysis and Facial Paisy) and as a Nervine stimulant. The drug Habb-e-Falij was prepared in three different batches as per the guidelines of National Formulary of Unani Medicine (Part-I), Present study is aimed to evaluate the pharmacopoeial standards using physico-chemical parameters; HPTLC fingerprints, quality control and assurance parameters, using WHO guideline to ascertain the quality of drug. The physico-chemical data showed that the drug contain moisture(1.42%), total ash (75.0%), acid in-soluble (68.02%), alcohol and water soluble extractive matter (9.52%) and (11.47%), pH(1% solution) (5.30),pH(10% solution)(5.78) and the TLC / HPTLC finger prints showed various spots at 254nm, 366nm and visible light (V-S reagent). The quality control study revealed the absence of microbial load, aflatoxins, heavy metals and pesticide residues, The evaluated standards will be very much useful for laying the phamacopoeial standards of Habb-e-Falij and also in providing the quality medicine to needful human beings. Keywords: Habb-e-Falij, Physicochemical, Quality Control and Assurance parameters, TLC /HPTLC finger printing , Poly herbal formulation ...

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International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

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