International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine



Cancer Prevention and Cure: Complementary and Alternative Approaches

Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Cancer Prevention and Cure: Complementary and Alternative Approaches Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Dr. M. Nasirullah Memorial Trust, Tejgaon, Dhaka Many lay people along with some so called “key opinion leaders” have a common slogan “There's no answer for cancer”. Again, mistake delays proper treatment and make situation worse, more often. Compliance is crucial to obtain optimal health outcomes, such as cure or improvement in QoL. Patients may delay treatment or fail to seek care because of high out-of- pocket expenditures. Despite phenomenal development, conventional therapy falls short in cancer management. There are two major hurdles in anticancer drug development: dose-limiting toxic side effects that reduce either drug effectiveness or the QoL of patients and complicated drug development processes that are costly and time consuming. Cancer patients are increasingly seeking out alternative medicine and might be reluctant to disclose its use to their oncology treatment physicians. But there is limited available information on patterns of utilization and efficacy of alternative medicine for patients with cancer. As adjuvant therapy, many traditional medicines shown efficacy against brain, head and neck, skin, breast, liver, pancreas, kidney, bladder, prostate, colon and blood cancers. The literature reviews non-pharmacological interventions used against cancer, published trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Keywords: Cancer care; alternative therapy, complimentary medicine; non-pharmacological cancer treatment ...

A survey of South African plant species used for the treatment of “u wela” in Venda culture, Limpopo Province

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine A survey of South African plant species used for the treatment of “u wela” in Venda culture, Limpopo Province T.T. Ramavhalea and S.M. Mahlo* University of Limpopo, School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Department of Biodiversity, Private BagX1106, Sovenga, 0727, South Africa Medicinal plants are widely recognized as the key component for critical human health, social and economic support. The current study was conducted to identify medicinal plants used by local people and traditional healers to treat “u wela” in Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africa. A questionnaire was designed to gather information on the local names of plants, plant parts used and methods of preparation administered by the traditional healers. Plant species were collected based on indigenous knowledge of local traditional healers through the use of a questionnaire and personal interviews, and some were identified using literature and herbarium at the University of Limpopo. The study revealed that thirty-seven medicinal plants are used for the treatment of "u wela" in the study area. The frequency index was calculated and the highest frequency was observed in Elaeodendron transvaalensis Jacq (47%) and the least was found in Albizia versicolor Welw. Ex Oliv (6%). Some medicinal uses of identified plants that have not been recorded in the consulted literature were documented. Noticeably, many of these plants were grown in the wild. Traditional healers use different plant part(s) for the treatment of various ailments. Roots (40%) were highly used followed by 20%, bark (13%) and leaves. The plant forms used were trees, (38%), shrubs, (3%), climbers, herbs and succulents (4.7%). The results stipulated that a high population of people in the community still relied on traditional medicine for their primary health care. Keywords: Medicinal plants, Ethnobotanical survey, “U wela”, Indigenous knowledge ...

Medicinal and Therapeutic value of Sesbania grandiflora

Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Medicinal and Therapeutic value of Sesbania grandiflora Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 151/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh There are around 60 global species belonging to the genus Sesbania which are commonly found to be grown in Africa, Australia, and Asia. The leaves of Sesbania grandiflora have been used in local traditional medicine since ancient times. Major chemical constituents are alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, tannin, anthraquinone, steroid, pholobatannins, and terpenoids. Isovestitol, medicarpin, sativan (isoflavonoids) and betulinic acid (tannin substance) are the major constituents responsible for antibacterial and antifungal, antioxidant, anti-urolithiatic, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic, and hepatoprotective properties. Also, the plant extract contains alkaloids, phenolics, tannins, triterpenoids, and sterols. All parts of S. grandiflora are used in traditional medicine and phytochemical investigations have been conducted on extracts of the leaves, seeds and roots of S. grandiflora to provide scientific validation of its properties. Keywords: Sesbania grandiflora; isoflavonoids; Heron flower; traditional medicine; Bengali cuisine ...

Adulteration methods and current trends in authentic identification of botanical materials used for the pharmaceuticals

Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Adulteration methods and current trends in authentic identification of botanical materials used for the pharmaceuticals L.Sarvananda1*, Mohamed Shafras2, Amal D Premarathna3 1Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka; 2Postgraduate Institute of Science, University of Peradeniya; 3Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka Macroscopic and microscopic evaluation and chemical profiling techniques have their own limitations for authentication of plant species. DNA-based markers give the new directions to pharmacognosy. It is important to distinguish accurately the authentic plant sources for herbal drugs because adulteration and substitutions diminish their efficacy and reduce the trust of users as well as it is necessary to convert botanical materials into scientifically valid herbal drugs. Proper integration of molecular techniques as analytical tools with conventional knowledge will lead to the development of a comprehensive system of identification of medicinal plants that can be conveniently applied at the research and industry level for quality control of botanicals. The review derives the advantages of DNA-based method for the purpose of correct identification of herbal material and discrimination of originals from the plant-derived adulterants. Keywords: Phytopharmaceuticals, medicinal plants, Adulterations, Herbal Preparation ...

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International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

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