International Journal of Virology and Diseases


Analysis of Cases of Tuberculosis Related to Diabetes Patients and the Concurrent Use of Licit and Ilicit Drugs in the State of Pernambuco

Research Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases Analysis of Cases of Tuberculosis Related to Diabetes Patients and the Concurrent Use of Licit and Ilicit Drugs in the State of Pernambuco Nardkelly Izabel Santos1; Amanda Gabriela da Silva1; Lucas Isaque Melo da Silva2 1Biomédica formada pelo Centro Universitário Maurício de Nassau, UNINASSAU, Recife, PE, Brasil. 2Discente do Centro Universitário Maurício de Nassau, UNINASSAU, Recife, PE, Brasil. INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In Brazil, TB is considered a public health problem due to the high rate of cases, ranking 20th in the notified cases ranking. The transmission of the disease is related to some lifestyles, since there is a higher incidence in patients with diabetes Who use illicit and licit drugs such as tobacco and alcohol. Factors such as diabetes, alcoholism, smoking and illicit drugs favor the spread of the disease and may shift from latent to active tuberculosis. OBJECTIVE: Given the above, the objective of this study was to verify the cases of tuberculosis related to patients with diabetes and the use of licit and illicit drugs in the state of Pernambuco from 2015 to 2018. METHODS: This is a descriptive study with approach. To verify the incidence of tuberculosis in a given group. For this data were obtained from the SINAM / DATASUS database. The variables used were: diabetes, alcoholism, smoking and illicit drugs. RESULTS: From 2015 to 2018, 19,733 cases of tuberculosis patients were reported. Of these 1,890 (10%) were affected by diabetes, and in 2017 the most affected with (26.5%). Greater susceptibility to develop tuberculosis due to hyperglycemia, leading to insulin dependence which generates indirect cellular effects. It was observed that of the notified by tuberculosis about 4,584 (23%) stated to use alcohol. Alcohol is also considered a risk ...

2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak: A Review Article

Review Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak: A Review Article Melaku Tafese Awulachew* Kulumsa Agricultural research center In December 2019, an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infections occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China and spread across China and beyond. On February 12, 2020, WHO officially named the disease caused by the novel coronavirus as Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19). The COVID-19 is a respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus and pandemic is now a major global health threat. Coronaviruses (CoV) belong to the genus Coronavirus with its high mutation rate in the Corona viridae. This review focuses to have a preliminary opinion about the disease, the ways of treatment, and prevention in this early stage of COVID-19 outbreak. Keywords: Global emerging disease outbreak, Clinical Symptom Spectrum, Diagnosis of COVID-19 Infection, Treatment and Protection ...

NUMBER OF CASES NOTIFIED BY SARAMPO IN BRAZIL FROM 2018 TO 2019

Research Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases NUMBER OF CASES NOTIFIED BY SARAMPO IN BRAZIL FROM 2018 TO 2019 Jennifer Hellen Melo Sobral¹*, Juliana Marina Campelo¹, Maria Anita Coelho Epaminondas¹, Ana Clara de Andrade Pereira¹, Aparecido Jonanthan Mandú de Araújo², Caio Matheus Santos da Silva Calado² ¹Discente do Centro Universitário Maurício de Nassau – UNINASSAU, Recife, PE,Brasil. ²Discente da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – Recife – PE, Brasil. Introduction. Measles is an acute infectious disease, whose etiological agent is a RNA virus of the paramyxovirus family. It is transmitted by aerosols through nasopharyngeal secretion within four to six days before the appearance of rash up to four days after. The clinical manifestations of the disease are quite characteristic and may evolve with serious complications, being one of the main causes of morbidity in malnourished or immunosuppressed children and under one year old. Currently the triple viral vaccine is the only way to prevent the disease, providing protection against measles, and also for mumps and rubella. However, some outbreaks are becoming more frequent, including in Brazil and may be related to several factors such as individuals who were not vaccinated by individual decision, thus exposing unvaccinated populations to the pathogen. Objective. To verify the prevalence of measles cases in Brazil from 2018 to 2019. Method. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted by surveying the numbers of cases reported by measles in the regions of Brazil from 2018 to 2019, available from the World Health Organization (WHO) database. Result and discussion. To prepare the study, we analyzed the information that was available in the World Health Organization (WHO) database. From November 26, 2018 to October 19, 2019, there were a total of 16,991 confirmed measles cases in eleven states of Brazil. In 2018, the state of Amazonas had the highest ...

QUALITY OF LIVING PATIENTS WITH HIV

Review Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases QUALITY OF LIVING PATIENTS WITH HIV Bianca de Fátima Ramos Souza¹*, Maria Gabriella de Melo², Marília Fernanda de Andrade Silva Correia³Thalyta Roberta Silva Bastos4, Brígida Maria Gonçalves de Melo Brandão5, Fátima Maria da Silva Abrão6 ¹ Graduanda em enfermagem pela Faculdade de Enfermagem Nossa Senhora das Graças (FENSG/UPE). ²Graduanda em enfermagem pela Faculdade de Enfermagem Nossa Senhora das Graças (FENSG-UPE). ³Graduanda em enfermagem pela Faculdade de Enfermagem Nossa Senhora das Graças (FENSG-UPE). 4Enfermeira: Mestranda em enfermagem pelo programa associado de pós-graduação em enfermagem UPE/UEPB. 5 Enfermeira. Mestre em enfermagem. Doutoranda em enfermagem pelo programa associado de pós-graduação em enfermagem UPE/UEPB. 6 Enfermeira. Doutora em enfermagem. Professora associada do programa de pós-graduação em enfermagem UPE/UEPB. Introduction: The discovery of HIV compromises individuals in various areas of their lives, which can compromise their quality of life. Objectives: To investigate the topics covered in online journals about the factors that influence the quality of life of people living with HIV / AIDS. Methodology: Integrative Revision carried out in October 2018 in the Regional Portal of the Virtual Library (VHL), applying as descriptors “HIV”, “Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome”, “Quality of life” and using as a cutback the last 5 years, with a certain question The study sample consisted of 10 original articles, divided into three thematic categories: “alterations” and “quality of life” related to HIV / AIDS. bodily, clinical, emotional, “” social support, “” orientation about disease. Results: The study sample consisted of 10 original articles, divided into three thematic categories: “body, clinical, emotional,” “social support,” “orientation about the disease. Conclusion: The quality of life of individuals with HIV / AIDS reflects significantly in the maintenance of their well-being, which highlights the importance of attending to factors that may modify this situation and be able to ...

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International Journal of Virology and Diseases

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