International Journal of Virology and Diseases

The influence of oral health microcefalia

Review Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases The influence of oral health microcefalia Santana, J.F¹; Santos, G.A²; França, L.C³, Ramos, L.V.S4, Lima, L.F.A5; Maia, C.S6 1, 2, 3, 4, 5Students of the Course of Dentistry - UFPE; 6Docente/Researcher of the Department of Histology and Embryology of UFPE Introduction: Microcephaly is a condition in which the baby’s head is smaller than normal. It is a clinical sign that may or may not be related to other morphological changes. Studies show that children with microcephaly are more susceptible to changes in the oral region. Objective: To verify the problems caused in the oral health of children affected by microcephaly and to relate the embryonic development and bone formation with neurological problems caused by microcephaly. Methodology: We conducted a research on databases such as Scielo and Lilacs, and sites such as PAHO/WHO and the Ministry of Health, using the descriptors: Microcephaly, Craniofacial Malformations, Oral Health. Results and Discussion: The research resulted in 4,000 articles, of which 40 were separated because they were related to the topic, but only 20 met the inclusion criteria. Neonates with head circumference two standard deviations below the mean should be considered as having microcephaly. For this diagnosis, the measurement should be done at least 24 hours after birth and within the first week of life. Recently, Brazil has started an outbreak of microcephaly related to Zika virus and studies confirm viral neurotropism with possible persistence in brain tissue and placental impairment. Some changes may be related to the multifactorial etiology of microcephaly, which involves genetic and environmental factors. Thus, microcephaly may interfere with organs of the stomatognathic system, influence craniofacial growth, and alter its dynamics. About 1638 children with microcephaly in Brazil have oral alterations including periodontal diseases, dental caries, malocclusion, micrognathia and delayed eruption. Conclusion: ...

Tracing of cervical cancer prevention examinations carried out in the city of Recife-PE

Research Article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases Tracing of cervical cancer prevention examinations carried out in the city of Recife-PE MONTE, P.R.A1; SANTOS, M.V.V2; ALMEIDA, T.G.S3; COSTA, L.F4 1,2,3Centro Universitário Mauricio de Nassau – UNINASSAU, 4Centro Universitário Mauricio de Nassau - UNINASSAU Introduction: Cancer of the cervix when diagnosed and treated early is a cause of preventable death. Because it is a neoplasm caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), the Pap test is a safe and efficient strategy for early detection in the female population. According to the Brazilian Guidelines for Cervical Cancer Screening (2016), the first two tests should be performed at annual intervals and, if both results are negative, the next ones should be performed every 3 years. Beginning at age 25 for women who have had or have had sexual activity and periodic examinations should be continued until age 64 in women without prior history of pre-invasive neoplastic disease and discontinued when women have at least two exams consecutive negatives in the last 5 years. In 2013, the Cancer Information System (Siscan) was established within SUS, integrating the Cervical Cancer Information System (Siscolo) and the Breast Cancer Information System (Sismama). In Pernambuco, 970 new cases are expected and, in Recife, 150 new cases, representing the second most frequent cancer in women in the State and in the capital. Objective: To track the number of cervical cancer screening exams conducted in the city of Recife-PE, Brazil. Methodology: The source used was the Cervical Cancer Information System (SISCOLO), in the period from 2009 to 2014, in women aged 12-64 years, residents of this city and SUS users. Results and Discussion: When comparing the number of exams performed each year, a significant quantitative decrease was observed: from 9019 exams in 2009 to 1171 in 2014, a decrease of almost ...

Detection of human papillomavirus in oral mucosa

Review article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases Detection of human papillomavirus in oral mucosa Paiva, E.M.C¹; Peres, A.F2; Morais, A.R.O3; Santos, D.C4; Araújo, D.F.B5; Siqueira, Y.M6 1,3,4,5,6Academics of the Centro Universitário Tabosa de Almeida ASCES-UNITA; Centro Universitário Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA 2Docente of the discipline of Clinical Cytology of do Centro Universitário Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA Introduction: According to the National Cancer Institute (INCA) 2017, Brazil shows high prevalence rates in malignant neoplasms with primary localization in the oral cavity, since oral cancer affects the lips and oral cavity. It is a multifactorial disease, derived from genetic, environmental or infectious factors (viruses) isolated or in association, causing cytogenetic changes that proceed through a somatic mutation sequence, resulting in uncontrolled cell proliferation. Objective: To study the detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the oral mucosa, making it possible to trace possible risk factors associated with its development. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study of the bibliographic review on the subject, monographs, dissertations, theses and books, comparatively analyzing the information from these research sources, making a discussion about the results of this survey. Results and Discussion: There are more than 100 types of papillomavirus identified, 24 of these related to the oral cavity. Transmission of papillomavirus to oral mucosa occurs by self-inoculation and through the practice of oral sex. Papillomavirus infection begins when the virus contacts the basal epithelial cells by a slow process of endocytosis, from the binding to a specific receptor on the surface of basal cells. Viral tropism is caused in part by the binding of specific viral surface proteins to certain host cell surface receptor proteins. Studies to detect the presence of papillomavirus in the oral mucosa reveal that this virus appears to persistently or frequently infect the mouth, including in children and adolescents ...

Teenagers vulnerabilities in relation with HIV/AIDS: an integrative revision

Review article of International Journal of Virology and Diseases Teenagers vulnerabilities in relation with HIV/AIDS: an integrative revision Marques, M. J1 -; Gomes, Y. M. J. 2; Farias, T. B. 3; Santos, A. N. 4; Leite, K. S. G. S. 5; Abrão, F. M. S. 6 1,2,3Nursing undergraduate in Faculdade de Enfermagem Nossa Senhora das Graças from University of Pernambuco; 4Pediatric nursing and neonatology post graduation student in group CEFAPP; 5Masters student of Associate Program of nursing post graduation of UPE/UEPB; 6Teacher of do Associate Program of nursing post graduation of UPE/UEPB. Introduction: The infection of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a global phenomenon which incidence depends on political, economical, social and cultural factors; being an huge challenge of health. The adolescence is characterized by intense changes. The teenager starts to consolidate values and concepts, being influenced by culture, media and the society. The HIV vulnerability covers coletive and individual aspects, favoring the transmission of the virus by several ways. Objective: Describe the teenagers vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. Method: It is an integrative revision, of descriptive type. The data was collected from the scientific works in the databases: LILACS BDENF and MEDLINE. The used descriptors were: Vulnerability, HIV, AIDS, Teenagers. The inclusion criteria used were: papers published in portuguese, english and spanish, with full availability, in the original paper format, and published in the period of 2007-2016. To develop the research was defined the guiding question: Which are the vulnerabilities of teenagers to HIV/AIDS? Results: With the use of the descriptores 151 articles were found, after the use of the filters 21 articles remained, however 15 were excluded due duplicity, due to not attend to the research objective, remaining 6 articles to using in the development of the research. Discussion: The articles showed that the vulnerabilities to HIV of the teenagers are due: ...

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International Journal of Virology and Diseases