International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism


Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism Diabetes classification Francisco Henrique da Silva1, Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção2, João Carlos de Oliveira Pinto1, Alamisne Gomes da Silva3, Aline Fernanda Carneiro Cardoso3, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos2 1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil 2Department of Histology and Embryology, Federal University of Pernambuco,Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil 3Pharmaceuticalpela Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil The therapeutic approach established for diabetes control varies according to its classification. Understanding the differences between each type is possible a complete and distinct treatment for the individual. This chapter will address the classification of diabetes types as well as their main differences. Keywords:  LADA, MODY, Other types of diabetes ...


Research Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism ANALYSIS OF THE KNOWLEDGE FROM DIABETICS ABOUT SAFETY OF ADMINISTRATION, PACKAGING AND DISPOSAL OF INSULIN IN THE OUTPATIENT PHARMACY AT A PHILANTHROPIC HOSPITAL IN RECIFE, STATE OF PERNAMBUCO Flávia Patrícia Morais de Medeiros1 *, Maria Nelly Sobreira de Carvalho Barreto2, Ítala Morgânia Farias da Nóbrega2, Jesse José da Silva3, Wellington Claudino da Silva4, e Dayana Maria da Silva4 1Farmacêutica – Coordenadora do Curso de Farmácia da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde (FPS), 2Tutora do Curso de Farmácia da FPS, 3Egresso do Curso de Farmácia da FPS e Estudante PIBIC-CNPq IMIP (2015-2016) e, 4Egresso do Curso de Farmácia da FPS Objective: In order to analysis some aspects about the knowledge from diabetics patients related to therapy with insulin it was performed an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study in the outpatient pharmacy at a hospital in Recife. Methods: This study was between February and May 2016, and involved 60 diabetics patients that were interviewed by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Some positive results included: self-monitoring of blood glucose, handling and application method, however there was little knowledge about sharpener disposal. Conclusion: This study provided subsidies to identify some of the main user needs in order to guide orientations regarding the accomplishment of educational activities in the service. Keywords:  Diabetes Mellitus; Patient Safety; Insulin; Needles; Syringes ...


Research Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN DIABETICS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS BY GENDER Mateus Nunes Macedo1*, Gabriela de Oliveira Teles2, Lucas Raphael Bento e Silva3, Vitor Alves Marques4, Márcia Verônica Ertel5, Ana Cristina Silva Rebelo6 1ICB-UFG, 2FEFD-UFG, 3FEFD-UFG, 4FEFD-UFG, 5ICB-UFG, 6ICB-UFG INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion and/or action. Studies indicate that type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is related to the increased prevalence of mental health problems, especially depression and anxiety. Diagnosis is associated with an approximately 27% increase on the risk of developing depression, when compared with undiagnosed cases. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of anxiety and depression in diabetics patients, to compare and correlate these aspects between men and women. METHODOLOGY: Participants were recruited at the Mutirão Diabetes, na event promoted in 2018 by the Municipal Health Secretariat of Goiânia/GO. After this first contact, volunteers were invited through phone calls for a blood exams and interviews. Patients with age between 40 and 60 years of both sexes were selected for the study. Symptoms related to depression were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), which discriminates the presence or absence of depressive behaviour. Anxiety was assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (IDATE), which assesses symptoms related to anxiety. Blood glucose was measured and the adopted reference value was ≤99 mg/dL. Mean tests, standard deviation, Student’s t-test and Mann-Whitney tests were performed to compare means between groups and Pearson and Spearman bivariate correlation. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 96 individuals, with a mean age of 56.2 ± 9.6 years, 55.3% female and 42.7% male, and with a mean time of disease (diabetes) of 10.0 ± 7.6 years. The results showed that most of the subjects ...


Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism TRACK (by NEHEP) Implementation: A Bangladesh Scenario Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Dr. M. Nasirullah Memorial Trust, Tejgaon, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh With the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), biological risk factors, such as hyperglycemia, are a major public health concern in Bangladesh. Optimization of diabetes management by positive lifestyle changes is urgently required for prevention of comorbidities and complications, which in turn will reduce the cost. Diabetes had 2 times more days of inpatient treatment, 1.3 times more outpatient visits, and nearly 10 times more medications than non- diabetes patients, as reported by British Medical Journal. And surprisingly, 80% of people with this so called “Rich Man’s Disease” live in low- and middle-income countries. According to a recent study of American Medical Association, China and India collectively are home of nearly 110 million diabetic patients. The prevalence of diabetes in this region is projected to increase by 71% by 2035. Bangladesh was ranked as the 8th highest diabetic populous country in the time period of 2010-2011. In Bangladesh, the estimated prevalence of diabetes among adults was 9.7% in 2011 and the number is projected to be 13.7 million by 2045. The cost of diabetes care is considerably high in Bangladesh, and it is primarily driven by the medicine and hospitalization costs. According to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, in 2017 the annual average cost per T2DM was $864.7, which is 52% of per capita GDP of Bangladesh and 9.8 times higher than the general health care cost. Medicine is the highest source of direct cost (around 85%) for patients without hospitalization. The private and public financing of diabetes treatment will be severely constrained in near future, representing a health threat for the Bangladeshi population. Keywords:  blood sugar ...

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International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism