International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism


Research Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism PROFILE AND PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF DIABETIC PATIENTS ENROLLED IN THE PROGRAM "HERE HAS POPULAR PHARMACY" OF A COMMERCIAL DRUGSTORE Medeiros V.M1; Gomes M.D2; Andrade J.G.S3; Silva J.M.H.4; Cavalcante R.M.A5; Anjos S.S6 1Farmacêutica Bioquímica, Doutora em Produtos Naturais e Sintéticos Bioativos e Docente do Curso Bacharelado em Farmácia da Faculdade Santa Maria (FSM) ;, 2,3,4Farmacêutica pela Faculdade Santa Maria (FSM), 5Farmacêutica pela Faculdade Santa Maria (FSM) e Estudante de Medicina pela Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG), 6Farmacêutico Bioquímico e Industrial, Especialista em Microbiologia, Micologia e Farmácia Magistral e Docente do Curso Bacharelado em Farmácia da Faculdade Santa Maria (FSM). Diabetes Mellitus it is a condition that can result from defects secretion and/or insulin action involving specific pathogenic processes. To analyze the profile of registered diabetic patients in the program “Here’s People’s Pharmacy” of a commercial drug store in the municipality of Paraná-RN, checking the type of diabetes mellitus that is more present, the most commonly used drugs and what other diseases are reported. Study applied, descriptive and quantitative and qualitative, with a questionnaire to registered diabetic patients in the program “Here’s People’s Pharmacy” in a drug store located in the city of Paraná-RN. The study sample was 50 people. Of the participants, 96 % had diabetes mellitus type 2. The use of medicines, metformin was the most used (52 %), followed by glibenclamide (46 %) and insulin (2 %). With regard to the presence of other diseases hypertension and high cholesterol prevailed about 20 % and 8 %, respectively. It is important the involvement of health professionals in the treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases, however, it is essential that the patient is aware that the greater re-sponsibility and commitment are in himself, and ultimately with your family or ...


Case Report of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism SYSTEMATIZATION OF NURSING ASSISTANCE IN DIABETIC FOOT WOUND TREATMENT: CASE REPORT Élida Karine Pereira de Lima¹*, Bárbara Clarice dos Santos Marques¹, Ieda Beatriz dos Santos Peixoto¹, Karolayne Gomes de Almeida², Sandrelly Paula de Andrade Barros², Clarissa Mourão Pinho² Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is considered a metabolic syndrome of multifactorial origin characterized by hyperglycemia and disorders in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats that occurs when there is no insulin or when insulin does not perform its function properly. Diabetic foot injury is one of the most frequent implications of diabetes mellitus. It is associated with many factors, such as peripheral vascular disease and peripheral neuropathy, which in many cases may compromise the entire limb. In this context, the systematization of nursing care starts as a systematic method that makes it possible to identify and understand the needs of the patient. The application of the Systematization of Nursing Assistance brings benefits to the client, the institution, professionals and to nursing as a whole. Objectives: To verify the inference of the nursing diagnosis “Impaired skin integrity” and the use of the other steps of Nursing Care Systematization in the treatment of diabetic foot wound. Methods: This is an exploratory clinical study of the case-study type, carried out during the period of clinical nursing internship in a public hospital in the city of Recife-PE, from September 17 to October 11, 2018 Results: A 77-year-old male patient with diabetes mellitus, with MIE lesion and hallux amputation, fourth and fifth finger. During the aforementioned period, the data was collected through anamnesis, physical examination, records in the medical record and analysis of laboratory tests. In this way, it was possible to plan the Nursing Care Systematization and to apply the interventions for the diagnosis “Impaired skin ...

Intermittent Fasting and Adding More days to Life

Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism Intermittent Fasting and Adding More days to Life AK MOHIUDDIN Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh Intermittent fasting (IF) is currently one of the world’s most popular health and fitness trends. Several IF patterns have been studied. Not all were shown to be equally effective. Also, each person’s experience of intermittent fasting is individual, and different styles will suit different people. The potential health benefit list of IF is long: accelerated weight loss, reduced inflammation, lower cholesterol, longer lifespan, blood sugar stabilization, and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Emerging research suggests IF may also lead to a healthier brain, longer life, and even aid cancer treatment. Placing time restrictions on feeding has been shown to have broad systemic effects and trigger similar biological pathways as caloric restriction. One key mechanism responsible for many of these beneficial effects appears to be “flipping” of the metabolic switch. The metabolic switch typically occurs in the third phase of fasting when glycogen stores in hepatocytes are depleted and accelerated adipose tissue lipolysis produces increased fatty acids and glycerol. Just changing the timing of meals, by eating earlier in the day and extending the overnight fast, significantly benefited metabolism even in people who didn’t lose a single pound. Keywords:  weight loss; caloric restriction; fasting; circadian rhythm; metabolic switch ...

Diabetes Fact: Bangladesh Perspective

Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism Diabetes Fact: Bangladesh Perspective AK MOHIUDDIN Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh Bangladesh is a developing country where 75% of total population lives in rural area. Subsequently they have poor healthcare access as 26% of rural professionals remain vacant and nearly 40%, absent. Although official documents indicate that 80% of the population has access to affordable essential drugs, there is plenty of evidence of a scarcity of essential drugs in government healthcare facilities. Nearly 45% rural people take medical assessment from unqualified health workers including medical assistants, mid-wives, village doctors, community health workers in comparison to that by qualified medical graduates (only 10%-20%). More than 75% women having complications sought treatment from an unqualified provider. These are mostly because concern over medical costs, and pronounced socioeconomic disparities found for care-seeking behavior in both urban and rural Bangladesh. However, the government’s expenditure on health is the third largest in the country, after education and defense. Diabetes is a complicated chronic disease; non-compliant patients are in a risk of moderate to severe complications, to much extent unexplored to maximum people of Bangladesh. Annually diabetes is responsible for 5% of all deaths globally, and its prevalence is increasing steadily. As reported by International Diabetes Federation (IDF), approximately 75–80% of people with diabetes die due to cardiovascular complications. Keywords:  Bangladesh; Diabetes; Prevalence; Glycemic Control; Obesity; Stroke ...

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International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism