International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism

The knowledge of users with diabetes mellitus of a basic health unit on diabetic foot

Research Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism The knowledge of users with diabetes mellitus of a basic health unit on diabetic foot Silva E.C.S1, Nascimento J.W.A2, Siqueira A.C.P.R3, Jesus S.B4 1,2Nursing Student In the Católica of Pernambuco University; 3Medical Student In Católica of Pernambuco University; 4Docent/ researcher in the Católica of Pernambuco University. Introduction: The Diabetic foot is a neuropathy responsible for several alterations and complications, particularly in the lower limbs. The way diabetics behave and how well they know about diabetic foot care is of ultmost importance, considering prior knowledge precedes an effective preventive plan. Objective: This study aims to investigate the knowledge of diabetic pacients, who are users of the Basic Health Unit in the city of Olinda, on the diabetic foot. Methodology: This is an exploratory descriptive study of quantitative methods, with a sample of 50 diabetic patients from BHU users. After signing a Free and Informed Consent Form, a questionnaire was applied and the collected data was consolidated and presented in tables and graphs charts. Results and Discussion: In total, 42% of diabetics users of the BHU reported that they had not heard about diabetic foot, while 93% reported that they knew about the risks of foot amputation; about 88% affirmed to take care of their feet and the main precautions mentioned were: washing their feet (54 %), avoiding to walk barefoot (39 %) wipe the feet properly (32%), 81% didn´t know about risk factors and approximately 69 % reported that they received no professional guidance in the basic health unit regarding foot care. Conclusion: In light of the above, it is noticeable the importance of a greater knowledge of diabetics users on the neuropathic foot and the need for specific care. Therefore, the understanding is essential for prevention of complications, such as ...

Frequently oral alterations in diabetic patients

Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism Frequently oral alterations in diabetic patients Lima L.F.A1, Santos G.A², Santana J.F³, França L.C4, Ramos L.V.S5, Maia C.S6 1,2,3,4,5Student Dentistry Course/UFPE; 6Teacher /Researcher Department of Histology and Embryology / UFPE. Introduction: The number of Brazilians diagnosed with diabetes increased by 61.8% in the last 10 years, from 5.5% to 8.9% in 2016. The patient with diabetes has physical possibilities that reduce their immunological capacity, increasing the susceptibility of infections and, among these, countless mouthfuls. Objectives: Identify oral asbestos caused by diabetes and what the mechanisms of the body to occur and / or bypass them. Methodology: A bibliographic review was done in the virtual libraries SCIELO and PubMed, use the articles: Diabetes and Oral diseases. We used criteria for inclusion of published articles from 2013 to 2017, in the Portuguese and English languages, which relate to diabetes, dental and oral ebert. Results: The research resulted in 5,821 articles, of which 22 were separated by presenting a relation with the theme, but only four attendants to the inclusion criteria. Discussion: Diabetes is associated with loss of calcium by the body and may lead to alveolar bone decalcification. As major oral manifestations are known as glossodynia, erythema, xerostomia and taste disorders. Diabetes increases the acidity of the buccal medium, increases viscosity and reduces the flow of salivary, which are risk factors for caries. Periodontal disease, which results in a potent inflammatory response, is a common dental manifestation in poorly controlled diabetics. There are modifications of the microbiota in floating or adherent bacterial plaques at the base of the periodontal pocket, due to the high levels of glucose in the sulcular fluid. As infections lead to inflammation resulting in a stressful situation, which increases tissue resistance to insulin, making it difficult to control ...

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International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism