International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Prevalence Of Venereal Diseases In Professional Sex Women: A Review Of The Last 10 Years

Review Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Prevalence Of Venereal Diseases In Professional Sex Women: A Review Of The Last 10 Years Moraes S.R.T¹, Vasconcelos R.P², Andrade R.M.A3, Konze V.S4, Ramos R.C.F5 1,2,3,4Estudantes do Curso de Medicina – Unicap; 5Docente/Pesquisador do Curso de Medicina – UNICAP Introduction:Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) affect over 500 million people annually and female professionals (PSF) maintain a risk behavior for acquisition and transmission of STIs. Knowledge of STIs in this group is important in order to create a preventive public health policy program. Objective: To describe as major STIs that affect as PSF. Methodology: Bibliographic review of articles indexed in the international scientific database (PubMed) from September 2007 to September 2017, aged between 19 and 44 years. We selected 39 articles among which 24 were analyzed. Results and Discussion: A major STI for aid associated with Herpes Simplex Type 2 infection (83.2%), HPV (27%), vulvovaginitis (19.1%), Hepatitis B (10.7%), Syphilis (5.2%). These studies were from different countries dominating China. A prevalence of STIs is related to the vulnerability of FHPs, which, linked to the contexts of poverty, violence, alcohol and drug use, and non-legalization of the professionalization of sex in some places may contribute to marginalization of the risk situation and thus, . It was evidenced a low prevalence of syphilis in these studies, but not Brazil, an increase in STI since 2015 has been observed. The increase of STIs in the elderly population has been observed, due to an increase in the number of opportunities and availability of medications for erectile dysfunction, boosting life the elderly, making them more vulnerable to STIs. Conclusion: A public health alert is needed about the increased prevalence of PSFs caused by STIs. What has been happening due to the lack of use of condoms, multiple ...

Anti-proliferative Activity of Lauric Acid in the Protista Trichomonas Vaginalis

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Anti-proliferative Activity of Lauric Acid in the Protista Trichomonas Vaginalis Melo T.S1, Cavalcanti D.R2,3, Barbosa G.G.G4, Neves A.P5 1Student of the Biomedicine course at UFPE;2 Doctorate of the post-graduation program in Biological Sciences of UFPE 3 Teacher of Faculdades Integradas da Vitória de Santo Antão 4Student of the Biomedicine course of Faculdades Integradas da Vitória de Santo Antão 5Public Health Researcher at Fiocruz Pernambuco, Aggeu Magalhães Institute Introduction:Trichomonas vaginalis is the etiologic agent of trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted infection associated with infertility, gestational complications, predisposition to cervical and prostate cancer, and increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and infection. Metronidazole, the only drug available for treating, has dubious efficacy, high toxicity, it is contraindicated in first trimester of pregnancy and drug-resistant cases are increasing. Thus, there is an urgent need for the development of alternative strategies to combat trichomoniasis. In this context, lauric acid or dodecanoic acid, a fatty acid found in breast milk, coconut milk and coconut oil, has been used as an antimicrobial and antiparasitic compound. Aim: To evaluate the anti-proliferative effect of lauric acid on T. vaginalis. Methodology: Parasites were axenically cultured in TYM medium (Tryptone - Yeast Extract - Maltose) supplemented with bovine fetal serum and antibiotics for 28-36h at 37 ° C. Next, 105 parasites were transferred to eppendorf tubes, containing 500 μl of TYM medium with bovine fetal serum and antibiotics, and treated with 20, 50 and 100 μg/mL lauric acid at concentrations of (stock solution: 50 mg/mL) at 37 °C for 24 h. Parasites treated with DMSO and in the absence of lauric acid were used as controls. Cell growth was determined after 24h by direct counting in Neubauer chamber. Results and Discussion: Similar to described in other parasitic microorganisms, our ...

Case Report: Attention to Women Before the Clinical Climate Board

Case Report of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Case Report: Attention to Women Before the Clinical Climate Board Mesquita, S.KM1; Telles, F.R.S.C 2,3, Batista, J.G4; Lima e Silva, T.C 5,1 1Estudante do Curso de Medicina da F.C.M. /PB; 2Enfermeiro Especialista em Saúde Pública da IBPEX; 3Estudante de Medicina da UNINASSAU, 4Medico Ginecologista e Docente da F.C.M./PB, 5Docente Adjunta/Pesquisador do Departamento de Enfermagem, CAV/UFPE. Introduction:Climacteric processes and menopause are milestones in the women life, in which the first symptoms vary in each body. In order to reduce the discomfort caused by the climacteric and menopause, it is important to understand them. Objective: Disseminate information pertaining to identification of climacteric phenomena. Methodology: The case study occurred in a polyclinic from Cabedelo-PB in order to target academics to conduct humane and encouraging health education. Results and Discussion: M.S.A., 53 years search service in 16/08/2017 with chief complaint of dyspareunia, being routed by the urologist to evaluate possible low estrogenic for amenorrhea for three months and urinary incontinence. The anamnesis, reported irregularities in the menstrual cycle, flow reduction and shortening of the cycle (a: 13/08/17 for three days in a small amount and look like “coffee grounds”), and politeness. After the physical examination showed: flat and thin, vulva with rare sebaceous glands, dense, dry vaginal wall and urogenital atrophy, accompanied by fine as requested by ultrasound urologist. Reached the climacteric diagnostic hypothesis, FSH blood test, 2-estradiol, and prescribed estriol due peripheral action. It was subsequently opened a moment of dialogue with the patient about your knowledge of the subject and its aspirations, it became apparent that the lack of knowledge did identify themselves as “sick”, however, after the explanation of this physiological and mark the next stage of menopausal, we noticed a patient relief by decreasing your anxiety and helping in the ...

Prevalence of Micro-organisms Found in Cervical and Vaginal Cytolic Scraps

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Prevalence of Micro-organisms Found in Cervical and Vaginal Cytolic Scraps Paiva, E.M.C1; Peres, A.L2; Morais, A.R.O3; Silva, G.M4; Silva, J.P.F5; Silva, N.R.S6 1,3,4,5Graduates in Biomedicine by Centro Universitário Tabosa de Almeida ASCES-UNITA 2Docente of the discipline of Clinical Cytology of Centro Universitário Tabosa de Almeida - ASCES-UNITA; 6Administrator in Business Management at the University of Vale Ipojuca - UNIFAVIP-DEVRY, Graduate in Biomedicine by the Caruaruense Association Introduction: Cervico-vaginal cytology, or cervical cytology, has been the main method of detection and prevention of cervical cancer and studies the exfoliated cells of the squamocolumnar junction, as well as the detection of premalignant and malignant lesions, as well as the presence of pathogenic microorganisms. For the susceptibility to infections by carcinogenic viruses. Objective: The purpose of this work is to elucidate the frequency with which the microorganism is present in the cervico-vaginal cytology, providing an explanatory view of it. Methodology: This is a descriptive study of the type of bibliographic review on the subject, based on scientific articles published in the years 2000 to 2013 and journals indexed in the following databases SCIELO and Google academic, comparing the information from these sources comparatively of research. Results and Discussion: The vast majority of etiologic agents that can be found in the Pap smear. Among the microorganisms transmitted by sexual contact, such as Trichomonasvaginalis, which is also an infection frequently seen in pre-drugs, represents about 10 to 15% of the causes of vaginal discharge, Candidasp, corresponding to 58.54%; Gardnerellavaginalis (13.41%) Chlamydiasp, corresponding to 4.88%, Actinomycespp 16.1%, Mobiluncussp 2.0% Conclusion: As shown, it is inferred that a wide range of microorganisms can be identified in cervico-vaginal cytology, it is concluded that a significant portion of microorganisms can be analyzed through the Papanicolau method, being an important tool ...

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International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology