International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology


Effects of Sublingual Misoprostol as Adjunct to Oxytocin for Active Management of Third Stage of Labour in Paturients at Risk of Post-partum Haemorrhage in Abakaliki : a Comparison of 200 Versus 400 Micrograms

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology EFFECTS OF SUBLINGUAL MISOPROSTOL AS ADJUNCT TO OXYTOCIN FOR ACTIVE MANAGEMENT OF THIRD STAGE OF LABOUR IN PATURIENTS AT RISK OF POST-PARTUM HAEMORRHAGE IN ABAKALIKI : A COMPARISON OF 200 VERSUS 400 MICROGRAMS NWALI Silas Alegu1, ONOH Robinson C1, EGEDE John Okafor1, OBI Vitus OKWUCHUKWU1, JOMBO Sunday Emmanuel2, OGBUINYA Oliver Onukwube1 1DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, AE-FUTH, ABAKALIKI 2DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, FMC, ASABA Background: Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH) still remains a major cause of maternal mortality despite adequate knowledge of its causes and treatment. Oxytocin administration is one of the major components of active management of third stage of labour (AMTSL). Evidence suggest benefit of misoprostol as an adjunct however optimal dose is yet to be determine considering the dose depended side effect profile of misoprostol. . Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy and side effect profile of 200µg versus 400µg of prophylactic sublingual misoprostol as adjunct to AMTSL among parturient at risk for PPH. Methods: This was a double blinded, single centre, randomized controlled trial involving two hundred and forty parturient with 2.1% drop out rate , thus 235 of them were analyzed; 117 (48.8%) and 118(49.2%) for 200 and 400 microgram group respectively. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (IBM SPSS) software (version 24, Chicago II, USA). Continuous variables were presented as mean and standard deviation (Mean ± 2SD), while categorical variables were presented as numbers and percentages. Chi-square test (X2) was used for comparison between groups for qualitative variables while t-test was used for comparison between groups for quantitative variables. A difference with a P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean blood loss was similar between the 200µg and 400µg groups of the study with 280.68±179.40mls and 253.86±169.80mls for the ...

Premature rupture of membrane and its associated factors among pregnant women admitted to public hospitals

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Premature rupture of membrane and its associated factors among pregnant women admitted to public hospitals Tilahun Bakala Woyessa(BSc, MSc)1*,Lami Gurmessa Fulea1*(BSc, MSc)2, Aga Wakgari Edossa(MD, Gynecologist, Assistant Professor)3, Ebisa Turi Jambola(BSc, MPH)4 and Ginenus Fekadu Mekonen(BSC, MSc)5 1Department of Midwifery, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia; 2Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia D; 3 Department of Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia; 4Department of Public Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia; 5Department of Pharmacy, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia Background: Premature rupture of membrane is the common complication of pregnancy which is an important cause for perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. However most of the studies done on its prevalence had showed a variation with the global prevalence of premature rupture of membrane. The study was aimed to  assess prevalence and associated factors of premature rupture of membrane among pregnant women admitted to public hospitals in Nekemte town, Western Ethiopia. Method: An institution based cross-sectional study was carried out from June 1 to July 30, 2019. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select 284 study participants. Interviewer administered structured questionnaires and standardized checklists were used to collect data. Data was  entered into Epi.data 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 25.0. Results: About, 121(42.6%) of respondents were found in  between the age group of 25-29 years, with the mean of  26.41 and standard deviation of 4.64 (26.41+4.64). The prevalence of premature rupture of membrane was 13.4%with 95% CI (9.9, 17.3). Women who had history of abortion (AOR=3.47, 95% CI: 1.44, 8.37), history of previous premature rupture of membrane (AOR=2.95, 95% CI: 1.15, 7.54), history of cesarean section (AOR=3.56, 95% ...

Review of Maternal Mortality Cases at Loandjili General Hospital in Pointe-Noire

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Review of Maternal Mortality Cases at Loandjili General Hospital in Pointe-Noire Eouani Levy Max Emery1,3 , Mokoko Jules César2,3, Buambo Gauthier Régis Jostin2, Itoua Clautaire2,3, Potokoue Mpia Sekangue Samantha Nuely2,3, Pognabeka Emeka Antoine1, Iloki Leon Hervé2,3 1Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Loandjili General Hospital, Pointe Noire, Congo 2Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Brazzaville University Hospital, Brazzaville, Congo 3Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Objectives: A major global public health problem, maternal mortality remains high, especially in the sub-Saharan countries, despite the efforts of the various health systems. Thus, this work was intended to describe the epidemiological profile of deceased patients, to identify the causes of maternal mortality, and to report dysfunctions in relation to management facilities. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study, conducted from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014 at Loandjili General Hospital, including cases of maternal deaths occurring in the Obstetrics Gynecology Department. Maternal mortality has been defined in accordance with the World Health Organization, as “the death of a woman occurring during pregnancy or within 42 days after delivery, regardless of the cause or aggravated by the pregnancy or the care she has motivated, but neither accidental nor fortuitous “. The review of each file allowed us to analyse the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic variables, and to deduce dysfunctions related to the commodities (human, material and financial) of management. Results: Eighty-three maternal deaths were recorded out of 8,115 live births, representing a maternal mortality ratio of 1022 / 100,000 live births. Patients who died had a median age of 28.8 years [23.5; 34], secondary school (54%), pauciparous (2.9 ± 1.4 years), unemployed (75%), and referred (64%) in poor condition (76%). Caesarean section was performed in 29% of cases. The causes of death were haemorrhage (46%), complications of ...

Application of Tactical Models in Embryology Teaching for Visually Disabled

Research Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Application of Tactical Models in Embryology Teaching for Visually Disabled Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção1*, Fálba Bernadete Ramos Anjos2 1Graduates of the Biological Sciences course - Bachelor's Degree, Biological Sciences Center, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), 2Professor of the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE). Objective: Apply the idea of tactile models as a tool for embryology teaching for the visually impaired, facilitating learning by encouraging student, sharpening his curiosity and facilitating the teaching-learning process. Method: It was proposed to make tactile models based on the schemes and photos used by normovisual students found in the base books of the study of Embryology, using cheap and easy-to-handle materials. Results: The models were used by the visually impaired student during classes following the discipline schedule and were also used as objects of assessment. Conclusion: The applicability of the tactile models met expectations, since the student can obtain full knowledge of the subject in an inclusive manner and can have the same type of learning as the normovisual students. Keywords: Disability; visual; teaching; tactile; embryology ...

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1.Vila Nova I.C, Alves R.R.V, Maia-Neto L.S, Rodrigues F.T.M, Almeida M.M.C, Rodrigues P.M.B.To observe changes of female sex hormones after chemical induction of Diabetes Mellitus.International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2018, 1:5 
2.Moraes S.R.T, Vasconcelos R.P, Andrade R.M.A, Konze V.S, Ramos R.C.F. Prevalence Of Venereal Diseases In Professional Sex Women: A Review Of The Last 10 Years.International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2018, 1:4

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International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISSN:2639-6009;DOI:10.28933/IRJOG) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Obstetrics and Gynecology(Indexing information).

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International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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