International Research Journal of Otolaryngology


Relation Between the Rheumatoid Arthritis and Certain Oral Manifestations

Review Article of International Research Journal of Otolaryngology Relation Between the Rheumatoid Arthritis and Certain Oral Manifestations Paixão, T.S¹; Cândido, L.L.P¹; Almeida, A.V.T¹; Vasconcelos, E.R.L ¹; Costa, T.G¹; Silva, J.M.N2 Estudante do Curso de Odontologia-UFPE; ²Cirurgião Dentista FOP/UPE Introduction: The oral healthiness is a key component to the overall healthiness of the individual. Among numerous diseases and oral healthiness problems the Sjögren Syndrome, periodontal diseases and temporomandibular joint dysfunction have an important relation with the rheumatoid arthritis that is characterized by the joint inflammation. Objetive: The objetive of the current research is to emphasize the importance of the systemic healthiness with oral healthiness in order to enhance a possible relation between the rheumatoid arthritis and certain oral manifestations. Methodology: This research is constituted of a review of a specialized literature, whom made by search of selected scientific papers from scielo, pubmed and lilacs database. Results and Discussion: Despite lot of researchs made about the impact of oral diseases on the systemic healthiness, the literature about the relation between they still, in majority,inconsistent, and the researchs, in general, have not an effective proof about the direct relation between oral diseases mentioned and the rheumatoid arthritis. Conclusion: It is crucial to highlight that even if have a understanding about the relation between the systemic disease and oral manifestations, there isn’t any evident proof of they. Keywords: Oral Manifestations; Periodontal Disease; Rheumatoid arthritis ...

Nutritional Status of the Elderly With Respiratory Diseases and Their Association With the Diagnosis

Research Article of International Research Journal of Otolaryngology Nutritional Status of the Elderly With Respiratory Diseases and Their Association With the Diagnosis Silva, L.M.L.1; Ribeiro, L.L.N2; Santos, E.M.C1; Lustosa, M.F1; Melo, N.C.O1 1Coordenadora do Programa de Residência em Nutrição Clínica do Hospital dos Servidores do Estado de Pernambuco, HSE; 2Pós-Graduanda do Programa de Residência em Nutrição Clínica do Hospital dos Servidores do Estado de Pernambuco; 3Preceptor do Programa de Residência em Nutrição Clínica do Hospital dos Servidores do Estado de Pernambuco, HSE Introduction: Respiratory tract diseases are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the elderly and often increase metabolic demand, with a negative impact on nutritional status (NS). Objective: To verify the NS of the elderly with respiratory diseases and their association with the diagnosis. Methodology: a retrospective study was carried out based on the collection of demographic, clinical and nutritional data from the records of elderly patients admitted with respiratory pathologies from February to July 2017 in the medical clinic. In the nutritional evaluation we considered: body mass index (BMI) classified according to Lipschitz (1994), the percentage of adequacy of arm circumference (AM) and calf circumference (CC). Kolmogorov-Sminorv test was used to verify normality and Pearson chi-square test to verify association between variables, with 95% confidence. The SPSS version 13.0 program was used. Results and Discussion: a sample of 24 elderly people, mean age of 74.56 ± 8.89 years, with 62.5% female. The common pathologies were respiratory tract infection (54.2%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (20.8%), pulmonary tuberculosis (12.5%) and pneumonia (12.5%). 50% were malnourished according to BMI, the mean BMI being 22.9 ± 5.82 kg / m2; 66.7% according to the AM and 70.8% according to the CC. The prevalence of eutrophic and overweight by BMI was 29.2% and 20.8%, respectively; 20.8% were eutrophic for the AM ...

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Efficacy Test of the Intraoral Mandibular Advancement Devices by Video Nasopharyngolaryngoscope

Review Article of International Research Journal of Otolaryngology Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Efficacy Test of the Intraoral Mandibular Advancement Devices by Video Nasopharyngolaryngoscope Araújo, S.S1; Trindade, M.O2; Arruda, F.E.P3; Fernandes, G.A4 1,3,4Student of the Dentistry Course - UFPE; 2Professor of Prosthesis and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department– UFPE Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea is a multifactorial case that may involve craniofacial development, bone structures, muscular structures and any soft tissue adjacent to the pharynx have importance to this disorder. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway obstruction. In Brazil the prevalence is 10% to 17% of the population. Recognized as a risk factor for systemic arterial hypertension, stroke and coronary heart disease. For diagnosis, the main exam is the polysomnography. For the evaluation of the efficacy of the therapies, such as the intraoral device, different exams have been proposed in the literature: computed tomography in sagittal, parasagittal, coronal sections, 3D reconstructions, cephalometry and nasolaringopharyngoscopy video. Objective: The aim of this paper is provide to professionals who work with sleep apnea, a less invasive solution to prove the efficacy of the therapies used. Methodology: The paper is a literature review to evaluate the results of nasolaringopharyngoscopy in patients undergoing treatment with intraoral device for sleep apnea without and during the use of the device to evaluate the opening of the larynx and pharynx. During the wake-up examination, the patient should undergo the Müller’s maneuver, which consists of deep breathing and maintaining inspiration by obstructing the upper airways, with room for the instrument only. Results and Discussion: It demonstrated that it is possible to do the examination, even if the patient is with the device. There is pronounced distinctness in this exam, which allows to accurately evaluate the clearance with or without devices, if it is well adapted. As a disadvantage, airway measurements ...

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International Research Journal of Otolaryngology

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