International Research Journal of Otolaryngology


DERMOID CYST ENUCLEATION IN HEARING PAVILION

Review Article of International Research Journal of Otolaryngology DERMOID CYST ENUCLEATION IN HEARING PAVILION Camilla Siqueira de Aguiar1*, Evellyn Rayane Martins de Oliveira1, Lohana Maylane Aquino Correia de Lima1, Victor Leonardo Mello Varela Ayres de Melo1, Maria Luísa Alves Lins1, Ricardo Eugenio Varela Ayres de Melo1. 1UFPE Introduction The dermoid cyst is a rare cystic malformation, classified as benign cystic teratoma.  It is bordered by an epidermal-like epithelium, containing structures attached to its wall.  These cysts originate from midline retained epithelial remains during the closure of the mandibular branchial arches and the hyoid bone.  The prevalence in the head and neck region is low.  They affect more young adults without a predilection for sex.  Clinically, it presents as a swelling, of soft consistency upon palpation because it contains keratin remnants and sebaceous secretions inside.  The lesion is usually about 2 cm in diameter.  Surgical excision is the treatment of choice, with little risk of relapse.   Objective To report the clinical case of a 16-year-old male patient who underwent cystic lesion excision in the ear region with a diagnosis of dermoid cyst. Methodology The methodology of the study was the search for articles related to the subject, organization in a brief literature review and its comparison with the case report that was described. Results A 16-year-old male patient, melanoderma, sought the Oral Maxillo Facial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Federal University of Pernambuco of School Dentistry, reporting an increase in volume in the right postauricular region with approximately 3 years of evolution.  On clinical examination, a well-circumscribed lesion without movement, soft to palpation and painless was observed.  The patient underwent additional examinations and excisional biopsy under general anesthesia.  The access started with an incision in the post-auricular region, followed by the myocutaneous tissue division until the lesion was visualized ...

Halitosis as an indication for tonsillectomy in chronic hypertrophy tonsillitis

Research Article of International Research Journal of Otolaryngology Halitosis as an indication for tonsillectomy in chronic hypertrophy tonsillitis Agata Zalewska1, Marek Bochnia2, Monika Morawska-Kochman3 1MD, PhD, Wroclaw Medical University Poland, Faculty od Dentistry Department of Otolaryngology; 2MD, PhD, Wroclaw Medical University Poland, Faculty od Dentistry Department of Otolaryngology; 3MD, PhD, Wroclaw Medical University Poland Faculty of Medicine, Clinic of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Main purpose: This paper aimed to confirm a relationship between chronic hypertrophic tonsillitis (CHT) and bad mouth odour. To this end, detailed identification of the microbial flora inhabiting affected tonsils was carried out. The results obtained might be helpful in specifying indications for tonsillectomy. Materials and method: From among 247 patients with clinically diagnosed CHT, 33 generally healthy individuals aged 18- 40 (10 male and 23 female) were selected. Patients in whom other causes could be the possible reason for their fetor ex ore (halitosis) were not included. Before and 2 to 3 months after tonsillectomy, organoleptic and halimeter testing was undertaken for each patient. A swab was collected from the interior of the enucleated tonsils in a sterile manner, and was inoculated onto surfaces enabling the culture of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and fungi. A histopathological examination was subsequently performed. Results: Fetor ex ore was initially found in 95% of the patients with CHT. In 90% of cases with confirmed halitosis, after tonsillectomy a significant reduction in its intensity was observed. On average, the concentration of VSC in the patient decreased by approximately 75 ppb (62%), which was statistically significant (p < 0.0001). It was also shown that the concentration of VSC in carriers of anaerobic bacteria, compared to carriers of only aerobic bacteria, was significantly reduced (p < 0.05). The results obtained confirm the role of CHT in the pathogenesis of halitosis. Conclusions: Halitosis ...

FAMILY AND DEAF: HOW DO YOU COMMUNICATE?

Research Article of International Research Journal of Otolaryngology FAMILY AND DEAF: HOW DO YOU COMMUNICATE? Mirtes Queiroz de Alencar Melo1 *; Bruna Santiago Lira2; Karolyne Rayane de Oliveira e Andrade3; Milka Laenya Oliveira da Silva4; Rafaely Ribeiro Dantas5; Thaís Priscila de Lima Oliveira 6 1 Student of Speech-Language Pathology at Universidade São Miguel - PE 2 Psychologist by UFCG-PB, specialist in Neuropsychology; 3 Phonoaudiologist, graduated from the University Center of João Pessoa-PB; 4 Phonoaudiologist, graduated from the University Center of João Pessoa-PB; 5 Speech therapist, graduated from the University Center of João Pessoa-PB; 6 Psychologist by UFCG-PB, specialist in Neuropsychology; INTRODUCTION: Human hearing is part of a very specialized system, only in humans this system allows the processing of acoustic events, such as speech (FRAZZA et al, 2000). Hearing loss occurs when there is some type of alteration in the structures that make up the auditory system and this loss can be of different degrees and types depending on the affected location (CORMEDI, 2012). In most cases of children who have been diagnosed with deafness, it is necessary to stimulate speech therapy because this is the beginning of the process to acquire language in these individuals, since communication between family members and deaf people often becomes difficult (BOSCOLO , SANTOS, 2005). OBJECTIVES: To analyze the conception of family members about how to communicate with the deaf, identifying the means they use to communicate. METHODOLOGY: This research is a descriptive, field study, with quantitative and qualitative nature. Data collection was of a systematic nature, using as a selection criterion 10 (ten) family members, determined by convenience, who attend the Educational Audiology sector of the Clinic School of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology at UNIPÊ-PB. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire with 7 (seven) objective and 1 (one) subjective questions. As a ...

DESIGN ON AMPLIFICATION APPARATUS SONORA INDIVIDUAL: THE VISION OF DEAF PATIENTS EXECUTIVES

Research Article of International Research Journal of Otolaryngology DESIGN ON AMPLIFICATION APPARATUS SONORA INDIVIDUAL: THE VISION OF DEAF PATIENTS EXECUTIVES Andrielle Gomes de Oliveira1 *; Artemisia Ruth Arruda Lucena Veras2; Bruna Santiago Lira3; Karolyne Rayane de Oliveira e Andrade4; Thaís Priscila de Lima Oliveira5; Rafaely Ribeiro Dantas6 1Discente of the course of Speech-Language Pathology at São Miguel University-PE; 2Fonoaudiologist, master and lecturer of the Speech-Language Pathology course at Universidade São Miguel-PE;3 Psychologist from UFCG-PB, specialist in Neuropsychology; 4Personalized speech therapist from the University Center of João Pessoa-PB; 5Psychologist by UFCG-PB, specialist in Neuropsychology; 6Fonouditologist graduated by the University Center of João Pessoa-PB. Introduction: The sense of hearing is very important for human communication. Hearing loss makes the individual limited or incapacitated to play his role in society. One of the instruments used for auditory rehabilitation is the individual sound amplification apparatus (ISAA). Objectives: To investigate the deaf patients’ conception of the benefits of the individual sound amplification device (ISAA), in addition to identifying the information they have about ISAA.Methods: Field research of the descriptive type in which a structured questionnaire was applied with seven objective questions and a subjective one according to all the ethical aspects provided by Resolution No. 466/12 of the CNS / MS. The same was addressed to four (4) persons responsible for deaf patients who use ISAA in their daily lives and who follow up at the Clinical School of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology at Centro Universitário de João Pessoa-PB. Results: According to the research participants, it was observed that the hearing aid provided benefits to the deaf in terms of improved sound perception, oral language development, socialization of the deaf with the listening society, improvement in socialization of the deaf with another deaf and in the ability of the deaf to read. Conclusion: The use ...

Prof. Jurek Olszewski, MD, PhD
Dean of Military Medical Faculty Medical University of Lodz, Representative of Poland in European Federation of Audiology Societies, Clinical Committee Member of Polish Academy of Sciences, Voivodship Consultant in Otorhinolaryngology, Head of Department of Otolaryngology, Laryngological Oncology, Audiology and Phoniatrics Medical University of Lodz

Dr. Ioannis Vlastos
Consultant Otolaryngologist: Euroclinic and Iaso Children’s Hospitals, Athens, Greece

Dr. Jadranka Handzic
Professor of Otolaryngology and Audiology, University Clinical Hospital Centre and Medical School “Zagreb”

Dr. RAÚL GONZÁLEZ-GARCÍA
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Avenida de Elvas s/n, 06080, Badajoz (Spain)

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International Research Journal of Otolaryngology is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Otolaryngology (Indexing information).

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International Research Journal of Otolaryngology

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