International Research Journal of Public Health

Vaccinal Coverage of the Viral Triple in Cases of Measles in the Period 2016 to 2019 in Brazil

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Vaccinal Coverage of the Viral Triple in Cases of Measles in the Period 2016 to 2019 in Brazil Esther Gomes Muniz Rocha, Josué Miguel de Oliveira, Maria Eduarda Teperino Abreu, Kelly Cristina Pereira de Araújo, Keilla Barbosa de Souza, Thais Ranielle Souza de Oliveira Centro Universitário Euro-Americano (UNIEURO) Objectives: Describe vaccination coverage and measles incidence in Brazil from 2016 to 2019. Methods: Quantitative, descriptive and retrospective study of confirmed cases of measles and vaccination coverage in the last 04 years, in the regions of Brazil. The data were exported from epidemiological bulletins from all regions, made available by the Ministry of Health and State Health Secretariats. Immunization data were collected using Tabnet/DATASUS, and organized in Microsoft Office Excel® (2019). Results: During 2016-2017, Brazil did not report confirmed measles cases. In 2018, 10,322 cases were recorded, with a prevalence of 10.245 (99.25%) in the North, followed by the South 46 (0.44%) and Southeast 23 (0.22%). In 2019, 20,901 cases were recorded, with the Southeast region having the highest incidence, 18.426 (88.15%), followed by the South region with 1.468 (7.02%). Between 2016-2019, the vaccination average was 84.05%. In this period, the North region reached the lowest coverage, 75.79%, followed by the Northeast region, 80.31%. In 2018, the highest incidence of cases was observed in the North region, due to the lower vaccination coverage obtained in the last 4 years. In 2019, the majority of cases were in the Southeast region, because despite the satisfactory vaccination coverage, the disease spreads more easily in large urban centers. Conclusion: Despite the increase in vaccination campaigns, Brazil has not reached the minimum number of vaccinations, in the last 4 years, to obtain herd immunity, increasing the manifestation of the disease in the last 2 years. Keywords: Vaccine ...

Prevalence of Gastrointestinal and Urinary Tract Parasites Among Students of Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education Sagbama, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Prevalence of Gastrointestinal and Urinary Tract Parasites Among Students of Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education Sagbama, Bayelsa State, Nigeria LeBari Barine Gboeloh1*, Ayibadinipre Jennis Gbeghebo2 1Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, P.M.B 5047, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. 2Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, P.M.B 74, Sagbama, Bayelsa State. The prevalence of gastrointestinal and urinary tract parasites among students of Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education (IJBCOE), Bayelsa State was investiagted. Faecal and urine samples were collected from 273 presumably healthy students of the college. The samples were analyzed in the laboratory using sedimentation method for urine and formol-ether concentration method for the stool samples.  A self-structured questionnaire was used to obtain some risk factors associated with the transmission of the parasites. Out of the 273 students investigated, 60 (22.0%), 31(11.4%) and 12(4.4%) were positive for gastrointestinal parasites, urinary tract parasites and coinfection of gastrointestinal and urinary tract parasites respectively. Entamoeba histolytica recorded the highest prevalence among the gastrointestinal parasites identified (62%), followed by Entamoeba coli (18.3%), Giardia lamblia (11.7%), Blastccytis homonis (5%), and Enterobius vermicularis (3.3%). Among the two urinary tract parasites identified, Trichomonas vaginalis was more prevalent (90.3%) while Schistosoma haematobium had 9.7%.  More Female students (37.8%) were infected than males (25.7%) by gastrointestinal parasites. The age range prevalence for gastrointestinal parasites recorded 45%, 37.3%, 28.3% and 25% for 26 - 30 years, 16 – 20 years, 21 – 25 years, and 31 – 35 years respectively. Lack of awareness, consumption of faecal matter-contaminated food and water, poor sanitation, defaecation into drinking water sources were identified as risk factors for gastrointestinal parasites while engagement in unprotected sex and multiple sexual partners were recorded as risk factors for the transmission of Trichomonas vaginalis.  Increased personal hygiene and sanitation, provision of toilet ...

Behind transgender identities – the biophysics & the societal deficits creating the phenomenon

Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Behind transgender identities – the biophysics & the societal deficits creating the phenomenon Florent Pirot Unaffiliated researcher Transgender identities, with or without surgical changes are produced by individual decisions which resonate nevertheless with a series of information deficits and also spill from the biophysical effects of artificial sources of contamination. Findings from other researchers and the author's experience are brought together to prove the point. Keywords: Behind transgender identities ; biophysics; societal deficits; phenomenon ...

Indigenous Suffering: Panorama of the Pandemic in the Pernambucan Community

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Indigenous Suffering: Panorama of the Pandemic in the Pernambucan Community Pericles Bezerra de Freitas Júnior1 *, Maria Eulália Gomes de Sá2, Tatiana de Paula Santana da Silva3 1FUNESO; 2FITS; 3FITS Objectives: To present the current panorama of the distribution of cases of COVID-19 among the indigenous population in the state of Pernambuco. Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted on secondary electronic databases in the public domain, reflecting the exemption of appreciation by the Ethics Committee. The database consulted was of the Center for Strategic Information on Health Surveillance (CIEVS) in the State of Pernambuco. The reference period for collection was from April 1st to October 2nd, 2020. Epidemiological bulletins and virtual monitoring reports, available on the CIEVS website, were analyzed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques based on obtaining absolute and percentage frequencies. Results: According to the last Census, Pernambuco corresponds to the 4th state with the largest self-declared indigenous population (53,284 people), with twelve ethnic groups spread across the statte territory. Related to the distribution of cases of infection by COVID-19, a data from the last Bulletin (No. 215/2020) indicated that among the most affected indigenous ethnic groups with confirmed cases, Funi-Ô stands out with 214 confirmed cases and five deaths while the Xucuru group had 110 confirmed cases and one registered death. Conclusion: The results showed that the CODIV-19 pandemic is a serious Public Health problem among the indigenous popultion of the state of Pernambuco. Thus, the responsibility of the state health management to define strategies that minimize the transmission of the disease in the indigenous population is reinforced, together with the development of health promotion and prevention and infection control actions. Keywords: Coronavirus Infections. Access to Information. Indigenous Population ...

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International Research Journal of Public Health