International Research Journal of Public Health


Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training Programme on Blood Cholesterol Profile in Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among Young Adults

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training Programme on Blood Cholesterol Profile in Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among Young Adults D.I. Adeagbo1, A .O Awosusi1, O.M Bolarinwa1, B. G. Agboola2 1Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. 2Department ofAdult Education and Community Development, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado- Ekiti, Nigeria. This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise training programme on blood cholesterol profile as cardiovascular disease risk factor among adolescents. The study employed the true experimental of pretest post test design with one experimental and control group. The population consisted of 745 students of Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti. The participants for the study were 32 students comprising 22 participants for the experimental and 10 for the control groups with equal number of male and female in each case. The instruments used for sample and data collection for the study were; stadiometer, vacutainer needles, plastic vacuum tubes, vacutainer holder, tourniquet, disinfection swabs, microspore tape, adhesive dressing, rubber gloves, lithium heparin bottles and spectrophotometer. The training programme consisted of graded activities lasting for 25-40 minutes, administered three times a week for 12 weeks. The blood samples collected were subjected to chemical analysis generated for the study. The data were subjected to descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation and range and inferential statistics of Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA) was employed to determine how much effect the treatment had on the cholesterol profile of the students. Statistical analysis showed significant reduction of total cholesterol, low density lipoproteincholesterol, and increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Aerobic exercise training programme had positive effects on total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of the adolescents. It is therefore recommended that ...

Diabetes Mellitus: General aspects

Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Diabetes Mellitus: General aspects Francisco Henrique da Silva1, Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção2, Alamisne Gomes da Silva3, Hellencléia Pereira Cunha3, Adriana Maria Costa Marques da Silva3, Aline Fernanda Carneiro Cardoso3, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos2 1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil 2Department of Histology and Embryology, Federal University of Pernambuco,  Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil 3Pharmaceutical Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Knowing Diabetes Mellitus, as well as its main characteristics is a means of prevention. From this perspective, this chapter aims to analyze the main characteristics about Diabetes Mellitus, taking as an approach the general aspects that involve epidemiology, costs, correlation with arterial hypertension, in addition to Gestational Diabetes. Keywords: Classification, Epidemiology, Gestational Diabetes ...

Health seeking behaviour for Buruli Ulcer disease in the Obom sub-district of the Ga south Municipality of Ghana

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Health seeking behaviour for Buruli Ulcer disease in the Obom sub-district of the Ga south Municipality of Ghana Eric Koka Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana The current biomedical Buruli ulcer case management strategies emphasise the importance of early reporting and appropriate medical treatment of nodules before they ulcerate and give rise to deformities and disabilities. However, there are a wide range of factors that influence health seeking behaviour for Buruli ulcer case management. The purpose of the study was to determine health seeking behaviour for Buruli ulcer by affected persons and their families. This was a descriptive study involving both qualitative and quantitative data collection. Thirty (30) in-depth interviews were conducted for Buruli ulcer patients and their corresponding caregivers on barriers and facilitators to health seeking. Three (3) Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were also conducted among elderly community members. Survey questionnaire interviews were conducted with 300 community respondents in Ga, Akan and Ewe languages in the study area. Systematic sampling was used to select 300 respondents for the survey. The study revealed that most respondents (41.0%) would resort to self-medication as their first treatment option when infected with Buruli ulcer. However, the health seeking of self-medication before seeking biomedical treatment was alarming since it leads to delays in reporting. This is a serious public health concern since delay in reporting could lead to category three lesions. Keywords: Buruli Ulcer; Health seeking behaviour; treatment; health care utilization; Ghana ...

Assessment of Injection Safety Practices among Health Workers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Assessment of Injection Safety Practices among Health Workers in Ekiti State, Nigeria KOLUDE, Olufunmilola1, EMMANUEL, Eyitayo E1, MARCUS, Oluwadare1, OGUNLAJA, Omotunde1, AJAYI, Paul1, ILESANMI, Mary1, IBIKUNLE, Funmi2, ONWU, Victor A2, ONYIBE, Rosemary3, SUME, Gerald4, BRAKA, Fiona4 1World Health Organization, Ekiti State Field Office, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria; 2State Ministry of Health, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria; 3World Health Organization, Southwest Zonal Field office, Ibadan; 4World Health Organization, Nigeria Country office, UN House, plot 617/618, Diplomatic, Drive, Central Business District, PMB 2861, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria. Safety of injections been administered on daily basis is becoming of significant Public Health importance considering the increasing prevalence of complications and the negative impact this could have on the overall good intention of the Healthcare providers. It is on the basis of this that we assessed the level of awareness and compliance with injection safety practices among Healthcare workers in Ekiti State. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage sampling technique to recruit 582 HCWs across the State. In Stage One, 2 LGAs were selected from each of the 3 senatorial districts by simple random sampling technique through balloting and in stage two, a list of all the Health Facilities (Public and Private) in the selected LGAs was compiled and all were included in the study. In Stage three, A cluster sampling method was used to select all the staff who are eligible to administer injections in the selected HFs at the time of survey. A semi-structured questionnaire and an observational checklist was used for data collection. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 21. A total of 582 HCWs were interviewed and 151 HFs were directly observed for compliance with Injection safety procedures. The mean age of the respondents was 38.2 ± 9.6 years. Females ...

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International Research Journal of Public Health

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