International Research Journal of Public Health


Assessment of Injection Safety Practices among Health Workers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Assessment of Injection Safety Practices among Health Workers in Ekiti State, Nigeria KOLUDE, Olufunmilola1, EMMANUEL, Eyitayo E1, MARCUS, Oluwadare1, OGUNLAJA, Omotunde1, AJAYI, Paul1, ILESANMI, Mary1, IBIKUNLE, Funmi2, ONWU, Victor A2, ONYIBE, Rosemary3, SUME, Gerald4, BRAKA, Fiona4 1World Health Organization, Ekiti State Field Office, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria; 2State Ministry of Health, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria; 3World Health Organization, Southwest Zonal Field office, Ibadan; 4World Health Organization, Nigeria Country office, UN House, plot 617/618, Diplomatic, Drive, Central Business District, PMB 2861, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria. Safety of injections been administered on daily basis is becoming of significant Public Health importance considering the increasing prevalence of complications and the negative impact this could have on the overall good intention of the Healthcare providers. It is on the basis of this that we assessed the level of awareness and compliance with injection safety practices among Healthcare workers in Ekiti State. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage sampling technique to recruit 582 HCWs across the State. In Stage One, 2 LGAs were selected from each of the 3 senatorial districts by simple random sampling technique through balloting and in stage two, a list of all the Health Facilities (Public and Private) in the selected LGAs was compiled and all were included in the study. In Stage three, A cluster sampling method was used to select all the staff who are eligible to administer injections in the selected HFs at the time of survey. A semi-structured questionnaire and an observational checklist was used for data collection. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 21. A total of 582 HCWs were interviewed and 151 HFs were directly observed for compliance with Injection safety procedures. The mean age of the respondents was 38.2 ± 9.6 years. Females ...

Stress and Complicacy Among Relationships: A Major Health Concern

Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Stress and Complicacy Among Relationships: A Major Health Concern Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Dr. M. Nasirullah Memorial Trust, Tejgaon, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh On Valentine's Day, the sight of couples holding hands and hugging each-other might unleash a wave of jealousy in those who are single. However, there might not be much to be jealous about. Also, marital quality clearly colors one’s overall sense of well-being, and marital distress elevates health risks, says a leading clinical psychology journal. However, the simple presence of a spouse is not necessarily protective; a troubled marriage is itself a prime source of stress, and simultaneously limits the partner's ability to seek support in other relationships. The worst distance between two persons in a relationship misunderstanding. Indeed, the relationship between life satisfaction and marital quality is stronger than life satisfaction’s ties to either one's job or one’s health. Keywords: Stress and Complicacy, Relationships, Health Concern ...

Drug Induced-Stevens Johnson Syndrome

Case Report of International Research Journal of Public Health Drug Induced-Stevens Johnson Syndrome Sileabat Aschalew1, Sisay Legesse1, and Lidya Hailu2 1Arba Minch University, Department of Public Health 2Arba Minch University, Department of Industrial Chemistry Background: Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS) is one of the severe forms of cutaneous adverse drug reactions. Despite it is rare, SJS is highly weakening and life-threatening illness commonly occurs as a result of medications, which is characterized by fever and mucocutaneous lesions leading to necrosis and sloughing of the epidermis. Objectives: This case report professionally provide feedback on clinical practice guidelines, offer a framework for early signals of effectiveness, adverse events; and to share the case for medical, scientific or educational purposes. Methods: This is an observational type of case report which we observed in Arba Minch University Students’ Clinic during outpatient diagnosis. Discussion: Despite ciprofloxacin induced SJS had reported in different areas by different scholars with different duration on antibiotics, clinical manifestations, duration of recovery and complications; but itis the first report in Ethiopia. Conclusion: This case concludes that severe hypersensitivity reactions like SJS can be caused by ciprofloxacin use which can be potentially life threatening. Therefore, identifying medications causing SJS is of paramount importance to withdraw it immediately and for additional treatment. Keywords: Ciprofloxacin; Stevens Johnson Syndrome; Medications; Adverse drug reactions ...

Alcohol Use Disorder among University Students in Cameroon and Its Related Harms

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Alcohol Use Disorder among University Students in Cameroon and Its Related Harms Ejowah Epine Njabe and Baronese Peters The school of graduate studies Sahmyook University, 815, Hwarang-ro, Seoul, South Korea. Purpose: Underage drinking, particularly heavy episodic bouts of underage drinking and the related consequences is a major social issue plaguing college campuses worldwide. Uncontrolled drinking behavior among college and university students has resulted in the occurrence of fatalities, assaults, unintentional serious injuries road accidents, crime, unprotected sexual activity, and poor school performance. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol dependence among Cameroonian university students and to identify the related factors. Design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 600 randomly selected university students in Cameroon. Setting: The survey assessed students’ level of drinking using the 10-item Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, a screening test for harmful drinking. Data were collected online and students were asked to respond to the survey via email. Results: Six hundred students participated in the survey. Among them, 261,(43.6%) were women and 337 (56%) were men and the majority (52.7%) lived with their parents. The results demonstrated a statistically positive correlation between reason to drink, drinking demands situations, and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, proving the alternative hypothesis to be true in its form. There was also a strong statistically significant direct relationship between drinking demand and perceived drinking benefits. Keywords: Alcohol use, harm, schools, policies, prevalence ...

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International Research Journal of Public Health

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