International Research Journal of Public Health


Neurodegenerative Diseases: Epidemiological Survey in Sergipe University Hospital

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Neurodegenerative Diseases: Epidemiological Survey in Sergipe University Hospital Santos, E.L1; Silva, J.P.R2; Santiago Junior, J.B3; Mendonça, D.M.F4 1Biological Sciences Student, UFS, 2Physiotherapy student, UFS; 3Biological Sciences Student, UFS; 4Professor, Researcher at the Bioscience Department, UFS. Introduction: Epidemiology is the study of factors that determine the frequency and distribution of diseases in human collectivities. Neurodegenerative diseases compose a very heterogeneous group of diseases, caused by distinct mechanisms and characterized by the neuronal degeneration in different regions of the Nervous System. Objective: The objective of this study was to perform a survey on the number of cases of neurodegenerative diseases in the Sergipe University Hospital (HU). Methodology: In this study, an analytic epidemiology study, with a cross-sectional design, we analyzed the epidemiological profile of patients’s medical appointments at HU Neurology Clinic, from January 2003 to January 2016. The research was based on the analysis of patient medical records. These were selected in fixed percentages, per year, at random sampling. Descriptive statistics were performed and the percentage values of the analyzed data were reported. Results and Discussion: A total of 819 medical records were analyzed, of which 166 were cases of neurodegenerative diseases, representing an incidence of 20.2% in the studied episodes. In these cases, 1.2% was patients with Wilson's Disease, 7.8% with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, 9% with Alzheimer's Disease and 82% with Parkinson's Disease (PD). In this study, it was possible to observe that there is a high percentage of people in the HU with neurodegenerative diseases, mainly PD. In the national literature, no articles were found that presented results of epidemiological studies in PD. It is estimated that this disease affects about 1% of the world's population over 65 years old, representing up to 2/3 of patients attending major movement disorders centers ...

Feelings about sexuality of South Korean international student couples in Japan

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Feelings about sexuality of South Korean international student couples in Japan Chie Koh1, Kyoungwha Na2, and Ruriko Miyashita3 1Graduate School of Nursing, Osaka Prefecture University 2Osaka Habikino Medical Center 3Prefectural University Hiroshima Graduate Program in Midwifery Introduction: South Korean international students are the fourth largest number of international students in Japan. Japan and Korea have similar sexuality-related issues, such as declining birthrates, increasing ages of marriage and childbirth. The purpose of this study is to clarify the feelings of Korean international student couples living in Japan about topics such as marriage, family planning, work-life balance, and sexual concerns in Japan and South Korea. Based on our study, we consider future supports for these students’ sexuality. Materials and Methods: The study targeted four unmarried South Korean couples (eight people) aged 20–35 and conducted a qualitative descriptive study using semi-structured interviews. Results: Participants’ average age was 23.5 years for women and 25.5 years for men. The participants thought about when they want to get married; reasons why they want to get married; anxiety about marriage; hopes to be mother or father, timing of having children; thoughts on child-rearing; and hopes about having children. They considered feelings toward work-life balance and sexual concerns; hopes to continue working after marriage and childbirth; the need for coordination between ideal scenarios and reality; reasons for the declining birth rate and increasing age of marriage; good quality of life; feelings of double-standard about pregnancy as a reason for early marriage; and reasons for their negative feelings. Discussion: This study demonstrated that South Korean international student couples in Japan have hopes for marriage and family planning. However, economic uncertainty is a large obstacle, so they think that it was important to build an economic foundation first. Two-income family is common in South Korea ...

Nutritional Status of Children and Youth in Accompanied MEC/ SESU Project of UFPE

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Nutritional Status of Children and Youth in Accompanied MEC/ SESU Project of UFPE ALMEIDA C.M1, LIMA M.B2, BRAGA A.K.O2, NASCIMENTO T.G.N2, RÊGO C.M2, ANJOS F.B.R2 Faculdade São Miguel/FSM. Recife – PE, Brasil; Universidade Federal de Pernambuco/UFPE, Recife-PE, Brasil To evaluate the nutritional status of children and adolescents monitored in MEC / SESu UFPE project. Cross-sectional descriptive study in Centro de Revitalização e Revalorização da Vida, in the community of Bode, Recife / PE, from August to September 2015. A total of 35 children and adolescents and observed 18 % overweight, being higher in males (22). A high waist circumference was found in 22 % male, 8 % female. For weight / age and height / age was not found deficits nor surpluses in the sample. Keywords: Overweight; Waist circumference; nutritional status ...

Knowledge and Attitude of Nursing Students Towards the Care of Patients Living With HIV/AIDS

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Knowledge and Attitude of Nursing Students Towards the Care of Patients Living With HIV/AIDS: a Case Study 1Roselyne Ejakhianghe Esewe, MsN, MHPM, RN, RM, 2Florence Oluyemisi Adeyemo, PhD, RN, RM, 1Daniel Okechukwu Ikedimma, BsN (UNIBEN) 1Dept. of Nursing Science, School of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin. 2Dept. of Nursing Science, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Nigeria. The Human Immune-deficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Virus (AIDS) is one of the most significant Public Health problems confronting the human race. This study explored the knowledge and attitude of nursing students in a tertiary health institution towards the care of patients who are living with HIV/AIDS by employing a quantitative & descriptive design. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 165 students who have had contact hours of lectures on the subject matter as well as been exposed to care of patients in the clinical areas. Results were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics at a df of 0.05. Findings revealed that 147 (89.1%) of the respondents have good knowledge of HIV/AIDS and are aware of the universal safety precautions; 116 (70.3%) feel protected using the universal safety precautions. However, 107 (64.8%) respondents strongly agree that being exposed to HIV infection is a major source of concern, while 85 (51.5%) of the respondents strongly support the idea that patients living with HIV/AIDS should not be admitted into the same ward with patients suffering from other disease conditions. The study recommends that all patients should be regarded as potential HIV carriers until proven otherwise due to the multifarious nature of the disease. Health workers are also reminded to adhere strictly to the universal precaution and the AIDS policy guidelines in the management of HIV/AIDS patients at ...

Dr. Mohammad Hadi Dehghani
Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Beatrice O. Ondondo 
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB

Ms. Yau Sui Yu
Assistant Professor (Nursing), The Open University of Hong Kong C0924, The Open University of Hong Kong, 30, Good Shepherd Street, Ho Man Tin, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr Anirudh V. Mutalik
Assistant Professor and Incharge Rural Health Training Centre. KMCT Medical College,Calicut

Dr. Hamdy Ahmad Sliem
Professor, Internal Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Dr. Abdelrahman Y. Fouda
Vascular Biology Center, R.B. Caldwell lab, Augusta University

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr Col Narendra Singh
Professor Community Medicine, Central Govt Medical College & Hospital in Faridabad , India

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1. John P. Elliott, Andrew Elliott, Allison Cimler,Nardo Zaias, Sandra Escovar. Extraordinary Rapid Wound Healing Time in Diabetic Patients Treated with Microburst Insulin Infusion.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:14. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-08-1001 
2. Blaurock-Busch E. and Nwokolo Chijioke C. Heavy Metals and Trace Elements in Blood, Hair and Urine of Nigerian Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:13. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-07-2201

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