International Research Journal of Public Health


Clean Water Standards, Environmental Hygiene Sanitation, and Vector Control in Prevention of Disease Transmission in Disaster in Lombok, Indonesia: A Systematic Review of Literature

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Clean Water Standards, Environmental Hygiene Sanitation, and Vector Control in Prevention of Disease Transmission in Disaster in Lombok, Indonesia: A Systematic Review of Literature Ahmadi, Roro Azizah Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga Natural disasters are events that cannot be avoided and desired by everyone. Water and hygiene are important determinants of survival at the beginning of post-disaster. An adequate amount of safe water is needed to prevent deaths from dehydration, therefore in the event of a disaster there is a need for standards to reduce the risk of water-related diseases, sanitation hygiene and vector control. This study aims to explain the concept of water standards, sanitation cleanliness and vector control as humanitarian steps in the event of a disaster. This study shows that the application of these concepts is useful for reducing disease transmission from environmental factors and disease vector exposure. The method in this study uses the epidemiological triangle model approach. Using this method, we set basic standards in humanitarian action at the disaster in Lombok to control the risk of environmental-based diseases. Details of this method are shown in the following which includes the Environment, Agent, and Host. Adjudication is mainly achieved through promoting good hygiene practices, providing safe water, reducing environmental health risks, and controlling infectious disease vectors. This condition will allow people to live healthy with dignity, comfort, and security. Keywords: clean water standards, disasters, environmental hygiene, sanitation, vector control ...

Estimation of Risk Factors for Cardio vascular Diseases in urban & semi-urban population: A prospective Observational Study

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Estimation of Risk Factors for Cardio vascular Diseases in urban & semi-urban population: A prospective Observational Study C.Nithish1, R.Bhanu Prasad2, M.Rakesh Reddy2, Mahitha Reddy1 1Department of clinical Pharmacy, Chalmeda Aanad Rao Institute of medical sciences & Vaageswari college of Pharmacy, Karimnagar, India.2Department of clinical Pharmacy, BBR Super Speciality Hospital & Sri Indhu institute of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, India Cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease) are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes. It has been reported that 60–80% of patients with diabetes die of cardiovascular events. Hypertension and Diabetes are the major causes for the cardio vascular diseases across the world particularly in India. In present study, in our study population, we found that males are more prone to CVD. Hypertension and Alcohol intake are the leading causes of Cardiovascular Diseases . Keywords: Cardio vascular diseases, Hypertension, Diabetes, Alcohol, smoking ...

Strategy to Reduce Incidence Disease of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Bukittinggi West Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Strategy to Reduce Incidence Disease of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Bukittinggi West Sumatera, Indonesia Syukra Alhamda1, Nova Herawati2, Eri Barlian3, Abdul Razak4 1Doctorate Program in Environtmental Science, Padang State University, West-Sumatera, 2The Lecture of Polytechnic of Health Padang, Ministery of Health Republic of Indonesia, Padang, West-Sumatera, Indonesia 3Dean of Doctorate Program in Environtmental Science, Padang State University, West-Sumatera, Indonesia 4Doctorate Program in Environtmental Science, Padang State University, West-Sumatera, Indonesia Background: Disease of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)) is contagion which because of virus dengue and contagious through of Aedes aegypti. This disease can attack everybody and death. In Bukittinggi represent non-area of endemic DHF, but almost every year the progress of occurrence DHF, District which at most case of DHF is Aur Birugo Tigo Baleh (ABTB), besides wide of the smallest area also there is the environmental factor which related case of DHF. In this context, the study aims to know Related of existence larva mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Implementation of 3M Plus with Improvement incidence disease Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Bukittinggi. Methods: It is an analytic survey with study design of case-control use test of chi- square. Research location in District of ABTB, its research responder are 78 with the technique of totally sampling. Result: The research show existence snap fingers at house snapping fingers at and suffering DHF 61,5%, do not snap fingers at and suffer DHF 38,5%. Value of House Index (HI) 43,6%, Container Index (CI) 17,9%. Implementation of 3M Plus unfavorable and suffer DHF 69,2%, while Implementation of 3M Plus good and suffer DHF 30,8%. Conclusions: From the result of research pvalue=0,003 (p<0,05), there are relation existence larva mosquitoes Aedes aegypti with Improvement incidence disease Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever and pvalue=0,040 (p<0,05), there are a relation of 3M Plus ...

Depression Predictors among Older Persons in a Rural Community in South Africa

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Depression Predictors among Older Persons in a Rural Community in South Africa Olurinde A. Oni MD, MPH1 and Olorunfemi E. Amoran MD2 1Department of Clinical Research, Kansas City Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Kansas City, Missouri 64128, USA; 2Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria Background: Depression is a very important part of global mental health concerns. Many of the studies on correlates of depression stopped short of finding the predictors. Predictive models will empower preventative efforts by healthcare providers and policy makers. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors predicting depressive symptoms among a population of older men and women in rural South Africa. Methods: Data were obtained from “Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in South Africa (HAALSI) in the INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site of Agincourt” in rural Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Previously validated short-version Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 8) was used to assess for depressive symptoms. Multivariable logistic regression model with stepwise selection, and receiver operating curve were used to examine the predictors of depression. Results: Of the 4027 participants included in this study, 743 (18.5%) met the criterion for depression (CES-D 8 score ≥3). Older age (OR 1.025, CI 1.016-1.034), diabetes (OR 1.467, CI 1.152-1.868), and alcohol consumption (OR 1.536, CI 1.261-1.872) predicted depression. Being male (OR 0.734, CI 0.588-0.915) and homemaker rather than not working (OR 0.513, CI 0.372-0.707) were protective. Compared to those who were married, depressive symptoms were significantly higher among the separated/divorced (OR 1.372, CI 1.027-1.834) and the widowed (OR 1.468, CI 1.172-1.839). Conclusions: It is possible to predict the development of depression in this community, and findings are generalizable to ...

Dr. Mohammad Hadi Dehghani
Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Beatrice O. Ondondo 
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB

Ms. Yau Sui Yu
Assistant Professor (Nursing), The Open University of Hong Kong C0924, The Open University of Hong Kong, 30, Good Shepherd Street, Ho Man Tin, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr Anirudh V. Mutalik
Assistant Professor and Incharge Rural Health Training Centre. KMCT Medical College,Calicut

Dr. Hamdy Ahmad Sliem
Professor, Internal Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Dr. Abdelrahman Y. Fouda
Vascular Biology Center, R.B. Caldwell lab, Augusta University

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr Col Narendra Singh
Professor Community Medicine, Central Govt Medical College & Hospital in Faridabad , India

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1. John P. Elliott, Andrew Elliott, Allison Cimler,Nardo Zaias, Sandra Escovar. Extraordinary Rapid Wound Healing Time in Diabetic Patients Treated with Microburst Insulin Infusion.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:14. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-08-1001 
2. Blaurock-Busch E. and Nwokolo Chijioke C. Heavy Metals and Trace Elements in Blood, Hair and Urine of Nigerian Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:13. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-07-2201

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