International Research Journal of Public Health

Assessing the quality of the Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance system in Edo state, Nigeria 2017

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Assessing the quality of the Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance system in Edo state, Nigeria 2017 Ireye F1,  Bassey Enya B1, Walla H1, Onimisi A1, Okocha-Ejeko A1* , Onyibe R1, Sume G1, Braka F1, ,Bodeno E2, Ejiyere HO3 1World Health organization (WHO) Nigeria Country office, UN House, plot 617/618, Diplomatic Drive, Central Business District, PMB 2861, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria. 2Community Health Dept. University Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria 3Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria This paper accesses the quality of the Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) surveillance system in Edo state using the May/June 2017 Rapid Surveillance Assessment tool for reviewing existing surveillance systems. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study involving the Disease surveillance and notification officers (DSNOs), and their assistants (ADSNOs) in all 18 Local Government Areas (LGAs). All the surveillance officers were 100% knowledgeable on the AFP case definition. About, 94% of the ADSNOs knew how the AFP stool specimens were transported. Only 75% and 50% of the DSNOs and ADSNOs respectively could mention all seven AFP differential diagnosis stated in the AFP surveillance guidelines. Active surveillance was conducted by 89% of the DSNOs in their respective LGAs within the last six months prior to this study. Only 22% of the ADSNOs were actively involved in surveillance activities. Records of documentation of AFP surveillance activities dating as far back as three years were readily available at the offices of 90% of the DSNOs and with the state epidemiologist. Edo state has shown attributes of a quality surveillance system in terms of knowledge, AFP surveillance and documentation. We however encourage a surveillance system that is more inclusive with active participation from the ADSNOs. Keywords: Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance system, Edo state, Nigeria, 2017 ...

Food/Drinking Water Contaminants/Adulterants in Bangladesh

Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Food/Drinking Water Contaminants/Adulterants in Bangladesh AK Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Food adulteration and contamination is nothing new in this age. It is the consequence of modern civilization, people moving from places with altered social value and ethics, industrialization and rapid progression of economic activities. It is highly prominent in urban areas of many developed or underdeveloped countries and so is with in Dhaka city. Commercialism and business mind drive people toward such unethical activities knowingly or unknowingly. Most of the cases it is done by uneducated or illiterate people, having least idea about what evil they are doing to mankind. People who are health conscious mostly avoid these but many of them have to go with this because of busy life schedule or carelessness. By definition, safe food or drink means pollutants or adulterants presence within the limit of standard such as pathogenic micro-organisms, natural toxins and potentially harmful chemicals that may cause health hazards beyond certain limit, either deliberately added or naturally present in them. Again, the economic development of the country doesn’t reveal basic literacy and awareness of general people. Necessary steps should be taken by the authority and mass people should change their mind set up and have to avoid those who creates harm. Purpose of the study: Brief review of chemical induced food and drinking contamination, their consequences and control. Healthcare providers/Policy makers have a major role play to concerned field. Findings: Both general people and the old system, are responsible for this unlivable condition of Bangladesh. Population is not the sole for this instance. A sense of poor rules and regulation is always found everywhere. Negligence is becoming a wide spread disease contaminating illiterate to well educated, all kind of people.Research ...

Enigmatic Domination of Chemical Contaminants and Pollutants in the Measurable Life of Dhaka City

Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Enigmatic Domination of Chemical Contaminants and Pollutants in the Measurable Life of Dhaka City AK Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Background Environmental pollution and food contamination are as old as the civilization itself. It is the result of the improvement of civilization, over usage of nature, industrialization and in certainty a cost for the advancement. It is exceedingly conspicuous in Dhaka city. Air pollution is chiefly because of the vehicle emanation, modern release and consuming of non-renewable energy source. The water asset of Dhaka turns into a noteworthy wellbeing danger because of arsenic contamination, insufficient family unit/modern/restorative waste transfer and mechanical emanating the executives. Food contamination originated from the commercialism of specialists who are doing this purposely to augment benefit. Fundamental advances are to be taken to secure nature for our own reality. This paper uncovers compound pollution and contamination issues of Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh. Purpose of the Study: Brief review of chemical induced pollution and contamination, their consequences and control. Healthcare providers/Policy makers have a major role play to the concerned field. Materials and Methods: Comprehensive literature search followed by consulting healthcare professionals about environmental pollution and food contamination. Hospital, clinic and company personnel, newspaper journalists, NGO workers given their valuable suggestions and asked help for necessary books, journal, newsletters. A few western magazine and newspapers also observed to get the necessary concern. Projections were based on public life pattern, their food habits, pollution and contamination sources, waste disposal features of urban life as well as industry and hospital waste disposals.Results and Discussion: Pollution and adulteration are the most notorious enemy of mankind. Civilization has its own drawback that even causing destruction of itself. Very few people raised voice on this but crippled ...

The Maternal Outcomes and its Determinants among Pregnant Women Complicated by Severe Preeclampsia at Hidar 11 Hospital

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health The Maternal Outcomes and its Determinants among Pregnant Women Complicated by Severe Preeclampsia at Hidar 11 Hospital NIGUSS CHERIE1, AHMED MOHAMMED2 1Department of public health, Wollo University, Ethiopia 2Asayta Hospital, Afar, Ethiopia Background: Pre-eclampsia is one of the causes of maternal morbidity and mortality throughout the world. It is common problem in developing countries. This study was aimed to assess the maternal outcomes of severe pre-eclampsia among pregnant women admitedand managed at at Hidar 11 Hospital in 2018. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among preeclamptic women who were admitted to maternity ward of at Hidar 11 Hospital in a four year period from JAN 1/ 2014 – Decem 31/ 2018. All laboring mothers that are admitted and managed at hidar 11 hospitals was a source population retrieved by review of clinical records and then, the data was collected from April 1-30 2018. Daily completeness of the questionnaire was cross checked by principal investigator for data quality control using prepared checklist after a pretest given. Data regarding patient characteristics and treatment outcome (eg. maternal death, maternal complication, hospital stay) were collected. Data was collected using data collection format from patient medical charts. data was cleaned coded entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used. All the statistical tests were significant at P-value < 0.05,Besides odd ratio 95%CI was used. Results: A total of 318 mothers’ medical charts were reviewed. One hundred sixty five (82.5%) pregnant women were diagnosed with severe preeclampsia. About 98(30.8%) of the women developed complications. The most common maternal complication was HELLP syndrome Mothers with gestational age less than 34weeks were 6.8 times more likely to develop complication [AOR=6.8, 95% CI = 1.974-24.026].similarly primigravida 4 times more likely to develop complication[AOR=4.934 CI ...

Dr. Mohammad Hadi Dehghani
Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Beatrice O. Ondondo 
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB

Ms. Yau Sui Yu
Assistant Professor (Nursing), The Open University of Hong Kong C0924, The Open University of Hong Kong, 30, Good Shepherd Street, Ho Man Tin, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr Anirudh V. Mutalik
Assistant Professor and Incharge Rural Health Training Centre. KMCT Medical College,Calicut

Dr. Hamdy Ahmad Sliem
Professor, Internal Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Dr. Abdelrahman Y. Fouda
Vascular Biology Center, R.B. Caldwell lab, Augusta University

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr Col Narendra Singh
Professor Community Medicine, Central Govt Medical College & Hospital in Faridabad , India

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1. John P. Elliott, Andrew Elliott, Allison Cimler,Nardo Zaias, Sandra Escovar. Extraordinary Rapid Wound Healing Time in Diabetic Patients Treated with Microburst Insulin Infusion.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:14. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-08-1001 
2. Blaurock-Busch E. and Nwokolo Chijioke C. Heavy Metals and Trace Elements in Blood, Hair and Urine of Nigerian Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:13. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-07-2201

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