Review Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism
Synthetic molecules applied in the treatment of type 2 diabetes
João Alberto Lins de Lima1, 2, Rafael Artur Queiroz Cavalcanti de Sá3, Viviane Ramos Bandeira3, Francisco Henrique da Silva3, Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção4, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos4, Bárbara de Azevedo Ramos2
1Departent of Chemistry, Rural Federal University of Pernambuco; 2Department of Antibiotics, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 3Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 4Department of Histology and Embryology, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
Diabetes is considered a multifactorial disease that afflicts populations of the most diverse classes worldwide, being among the main health problems today. Among the types of diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2) is considered the most prevalent pathology. This is due to the direct relationship between the cause of this disease and people’s eating behavior. These factors justify the growing search for the development of drugs for DM-2, given that current drugs act on targets that are not very efficient for the treatment. Therefore, the objective of this review is to evaluate the progress of research related to the search for new synthetic drugs for a more selective treatment for DM-2. The researches were searched in the main academic databases (National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), Science Direct and Google Scholar), and research tools such as Drug Bank and Clinical Trials. Seventy articles were selected that were causally related to the descriptors used. According to the survey, about 60 compounds of synthetic origin were found and present in the various phases of the study and some molecules already approved for use. A variety of strategies and new therapies related to DM-2 grows each year, as new targets involved are elucidated. Therefore, it is possible to envision a promising future for the treatment of DM-2. because studies like this show the evolution of biochemical research methods and the advances in medicinal chemistry, it will be possible in the future that a multifactorial disease of this type can be treated in a specific way for each patient.
Keywords: Synthetic drugs, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, New treatment strategies.
How to cite this article:
João Alberto Lins de Lima, Rafael Artur Queiroz Cavalcanti de Sá, Viviane Ramos Bandeira, Francisco Henrique da Silva, Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos, Bárbara de Azevedo Ramos.Synthetic molecules applied in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism, 2020, 3:14.
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