Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health
Food/Drinking Water Contaminants/Adulterants in Bangladesh
Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh
Food adulteration and contamination is nothing new in this age. It is the consequence of modern civilization, people moving from places with altered social value and ethics, industrialization and rapid progression of economic activities. It is highly prominent in urban areas of many developed or underdeveloped countries and so is with in Dhaka city. Commercialism and business mind drive people toward such unethical activities knowingly or unknowingly. Most of the cases it is done by uneducated or illiterate people, having least idea about what evil they are doing to mankind. People who are health conscious mostly avoid these but many of them have to go with this because of busy life schedule or carelessness. By definition, safe food or drink means pollutants or adulterants presence within the limit of standard such as pathogenic micro-organisms, natural toxins and potentially harmful chemicals that may cause health hazards beyond certain limit, either deliberately added or naturally present in them. Again, the economic development of the country doesn’t reveal basic literacy and awareness of general people. Necessary steps should be taken by the authority and mass people should change their mind set up and have to avoid those who creates harm. Purpose of the study: Brief review of chemical induced food and drinking contamination, their consequences and control. Healthcare providers/Policy makers have a major role play to concerned field. Findings: Both general people and the old system, are responsible for this unlivable condition of Bangladesh. Population is not the sole for this instance. A sense of poor rules and regulation is always found everywhere. Negligence is becoming a wide spread disease contaminating illiterate to well educated, all kind of people.Research limitations: Many articles and documents found in concerned area of research, but the scope of this research is on its focus point chemical induced food adulteration in Bangladesh. Still the most important aspect of contamination and adulteration is covered, but fact is less amount of recent data obtained in few areas. Practical Implication: The language of this article is too simple to understand by people with simple scientific literacy. Pharmacists, doctors, nurses, hospital authorities, public representatives, policy makers and regulatory authorities along with general people have to acquire much from this article.Social Implication: Any article or research is based on the think doing good for mankind, at least going ahead from the present situation, overcoming problems and measures. Bangladesh has recently passed from the list of LDC country with massive economic development. The article should create a guideline for the future policy makers of both government and other sectors to review the alarming situation of chemical induced food and water contaminants\adulterants in Bangladesh.
Keywords:Carcinogen; Chemical Intoxication; Food Poisoning; Health Hazard; Pathogen; Adulterants
How to cite this article:
AK Mohiuddin. Food/Drinking Water Contaminants/Adulterants in Bangladesh.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2019; 3:27
1. Abu NMAA. Food Safety and Public Health Issues of Bangladesh. European Food and Feed Law Review 31-40.
2. Aasha M.A., Avik S.R. and others. Eating Away Our Health Cover Story Star Weekend Magazine Volume 4 Issue 20 November 5, 2004
3. Ahamed U. Food adulteration rampant Consumers urge continuous drive against the menace Daily Sun 30 May, 2018
4. Ahamed U. Substandard vermicelli floods city markets The Daily Sun 4th June, 2018
5. Arifur MR, Zakir MS and others. Food Adulteration: A Serious Public Health Concern in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal 18(1): 1-7, 2015
6. Ahamed U. Food adulteration rampant Consumers urge continuous drive against the menace Daily Sun 30 May, 2018
7. Asadullah M.K. Slow poisoning continues unabated The Daily Star August 14, 2010
8. Asadullah M.K. Bitter Truth Rampant adulteration still a havoc The Daily Star July 09, 2011 URL: https://www.thedailystar.net/news-detail-193429
9. Ashiqur R., Jahan SA., Khairul B. and others A Comparative Study of Heavy Metal Concentration in Different Layers of Tannery Vicinity Soil and Near Agricultural Soil American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, December 12, 2016, 7, 880-88 DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2016.712075
10. Ashif S.I. Govt: There’s no such thing as fake eggs in market DhakaTribune July 31st, 2017 URL: https://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/2017/07/31/government-no-fake-eggs-market
11. Ashif S.I. (September) Energy drinks cannot be sold as carbonated drinks DhakaTribune September 13th, 2017 URL: https://www.dhakatribune.com/feature/food/2017/09/13/govt-wont-allow-production-energy-drinks-now
12. Ashif S.I. (November) The dangers lurking in your energy drinks. DhakaTribune, November 11th, 2017
13. Business. Staff Reporter. Manufactures seek help to dispel doubts about beverages. The Independent 5 October, 2018.
14. Editorial. Food Adulteration. The Independent 25 May, 2017. URL: http://www.theindependentbd.com/arcprint/details/96152/2017-05-25
15. Editorial. LOOK FOR THE FLIES- THE FUTURE AHEAD! Bangladesh J Medicine 2014; 25: 40-41 URL: https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/BJMED/article/download/25086/16929
16. Editorial July, 2018. Monitor cattle fattening Proper planning can make the difference this time. The daily Star July 24, 2018.
17. Emran H. Antibiotics-fed poultry pose threat to public health NEWAGE Bangladesh Nov 26,2016 URL: http://www.newagebd.net/article/3565/antibiotics-fed-poultry-pose-threat-to-public-health
18. Eresh O.J. World Water Day Taking responsibility for our future. The daily Star March 22, 2017.
19. Fatema TZ. Moslah MU. Economic Reasons behind Adulteration Issues in Fish Supply Chain in Bangladesh Journal of Business Studies, Vol. XXXVII, No. 1, April 2016
20. FAO/WHO. Assuring food safety and quality: guidelines for strengthening national food control systems. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization; 2003. p. 28. (FAO food and nutrition paper no. 76).
21. Hashem MA, Nur MS and others. Heavy metal assessment of polluted soil around Hatirjheel Lake of Dhaka city, Bangladesh Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res. 52(1), 61-66, 2017
22. Hasin J. Arsenic in Bangladesh: how to protect 20 million from the world’s largest poisoning.
23. Human Rights Watch Nepotism and Neglect The Failing Response to Arsenic in the Drinking Water of Bangladesh’s Rural Poor April 6, 2016
24. The New Indian Express. Plastic rice! Are you serious? 10th June 2017 URL: http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/2017/jun/10/plastic-rice-are-you-serious-1614929.html
25. Tribune Editorial. Put a stop to unethical cow-fattening practices. DhakaTribune September 3rd, 2016. Support The Guardian 18 October, 2016
26. Joynul M.A. What Are We Drinking: Water or Poison? Daily Sun 12th January, 2018 URL: http://www.daily-sun.com/post/281517/2018/01/12/What-Are-We-Drinking:-Water-Or-Poison
27. Käferstein F. K. Food safety: a commonly underestimated public health issue 1997. Retrieved from URL: http://apps.who.int//iris/handle/10665/54778
28. Ishita M, Nurun NN., Mustafa M., Manoj R. and others. Children living in the slums of Bangladesh face risks from unsafe food and water and stunted growth is common Acta Pædiatrica 2018 107, pp. 1230–1239 ISSN 0803-5253
29. Mahboob MS. Food Adulteration: The Bangladesh Paradox. Law Journal Bangladesh, [Vol. 2, Jan – Jun, 2015] Published On – June 18, 2015
30. Mahmudul IM. Toxicity of Heavy Metals In Soils And Crops And Its Phyto-Remediation Dissertation For Phd Department Of Soil, Water And Environment university Of Dhaka, Dhaka -1000 May, 2015 URL: http://repository.library.du.ac.bd/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/952/Mahmudul%20Islam.pdf?sequence=1
31. Mitali P., Anwara B. Organic Solid Waste Management and the Urban Poor in Dhaka City Int J Waste Resour 2018, 8:1 DOI: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000320 ISSN: 2252-5211
32. Mirza FIC. Evaluating Position of Bangladesh to Combat ‘Adulterated Food’ Crisis in Light of Human Rights IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) Volume 19, Issue 3, Ver. VI (Mar. 2014), PP 45-54e e-ISSN: 2279-0837, p ISSN: 2279-0845.
33. Mizanur FMR. Sub-standard vermicelli manufactured ahead of Eid. DhakaTribune, June 22nd, 2016
34. Mohammad S. Heavy Metal’ in Imported Fish: Samples sent for retest. The Daily Star March 18, 2018 URL: https://www.thedailystar.net/backpage/heavy-metal-imported-fish-samples-sent-retest-1549705
35. Murshed S., Ali M.H. and others. Analysis of WASA Supplied Drinking Water Around Dhaka City from Laboratory Analysis Perspective International Journal of Chemical and Physical Sciences IJCPS Vol. 2, No. 6, Nov-Dec 2013 Int J Waste Resour 2018, 8:1 DOI: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000320
36. Nath D.K. 2014. Food or poison? bdnews24.com, May 9, 2014.
37. Nehreen M., Isreq MHR. and others. Food Adulteration and Bio-Magnification of Environmental Contaminants: A Comprehensive Risk Framework for Bangladesh. Front. Environ. Sci., 18 May 2016 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00034
38. News Correspondent, Bogra. Substandard vermicelli floods Bogra markets. The Independent 4 July, 2016
39. Nishat TS. Food adulteration: A serious health risk for Bangladesh. risingbd.com February 09, 2017. URL: http://www.risingbd.com/english/Food-adulteration-A-serious-health-risk-for-Bangladesh/42249
40. NewsDesk. Over 75% pasteurised milk unsafe for direct consumption in Bangladesh: ICDDR, B study. bdnews24.com May 16, 2018. URL: https://bdnews24.com/health/2018/05/16/over-75-pasteurised-milk-unsafe-for-direct-consumption-in-bangladesh-icddrb-study
41. Online Report 6 fake mineral water plants busted in Dhaka, 6 jailed The Daily Star, May 12, 2018 URL: https://www.thedailystar.net/city/6-fake-mineral-water-plants-busted-dhaka-mohammadpur-mobile-court-rab-bsti-6-jailed-1575328
42. OP-ED. Public Health Issues in Bangladesh The Independent 6 April, 2018 URL: http://www.theindependentbd.com/printversion/details/144723
43. Park K. Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine. 18th ed. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot; 2005. p. 481.
44. Pinaki R., Ahmed KT. Cow fattening out of control Cow fattening out of control Traders cut long process short with help of harmful drugs
45. Pollution Abatement Strategies for Rivers and Wetlands in and Around Dhaka City February 2010 Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Environment & Forests URL: http://ext.bd.undp.org/CCED/bgdp/BGDP%20Materials/Review%20Documents/Pollution%20abatement%20strategies%20for%20river%20and%20wetland.pdf
46. Qyshalini N. A doctor reveals that condensed milk contains more sugar than actual milk! Web Goodtimes December 30, 2017 URL: http://en.goodtimes.my/2017/12/30/doctor-reveals-condensed-milk-contains-sugar-actual-milk/
47. Rahman, S.M., Hoque M.A., and Talukder M.R.A. 2005. Food security in Bangladesh: utilization, nutrition and food adulteration (paper presented at the National Workshop on Food security, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 19–20 October 2005), pp. 45-46.
48. Rafiqul M. I., Jahiruddin M. and others. Consumption of Unsafe Foods: Evidence from Heavy Metal, Mineral and Trace Element Contamination Department of Soil Science Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2013
49. Rajib KR. Cover Unsafe Food Unhealthy Life. Daily Sun 3 July, 2015. URL: http://www.daily-sun.com/magazine/details/55558/Unsafe-Food-Unhealthy-Life/2015-07-03
50. Richard P. The politics of arsenic-free water. DhakaTribune March 15th, 2017
51. Sadiqur R., Rashad A. Pollution all around A cross-section of people share their opinions with New Age Staff Correspondents NEWAGE Bangladesh Oct 26,2018 URL: http://www.newagebd.net/article/54185/pollution-all-around
52. Sarwar MSK. How safe is bottled water for drinking? The Financial Express January 07, 2018 URL: https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/views/how-safe-is-bottled-water-for-drinking-1515258813
53. Shafkat R. Letters To The Editor Urea in puffed rice. The Daily Star August 27, 2013 URL: https://www.thedailystar.net/news/urea-in-puffed-rice
54. Sharifa N, Tahmeed A. Food Adulteration and Consumer Awareness in Dhaka City, 1995-2011. J Health Popul Nutr. 2014 Sep; 32(3): 452–464. PMID: 25395908
55. Staff Correspondent. Food adulteration rings alarm bell STAR-RDRS roundtable told most food items adulterated, pose lethal risks to public health. The Daily Star August 11, 2011 URL: https://www.thedailystar.net/news-detail-198096
56. Staff Correspondent. No standard fixed for energy drinks Amu tells JS. The Daily Star March 07, 2015.
57. Solaiman S. Adulterated vermicelli floods markets. The Daily Sun 8 June, 2017
58. The Bangladesh Today Improving Dhaka’s environment September 22, 2018
59. UN Secretary General ‘Water-Related Diseases Responsible For 80 Per Cent Of All Illnesses, Deaths In Developing World’, says secretary-general in environment day message Meetings Coverages and Press Release 16 May 2003
60. Zubair K.L., Mohiuddin AK., Bake MA. Food Contaminants: Bangladesh Perspective January 2013 Reference Id: PHARMATUTOR-ART-1570
61. Zubair K.H. Time to end food adulteration The Daily Star January 19, 2018 URL: https://www.thedailystar.net/letters/time-end-food-adulteration-1521907