Foreign direct investment, Agriculture and economic growth: ARDL and causality approach for Rwanda


Foreign direct investment, Agriculture and economic growth: ARDL and causality approach for Rwanda


Xiaoling Yuan1, Michel Mivumbi2

1Faculty, School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University Shaanxi P.R.China.
2Doctoral Researcher Applied Economics, School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University Shaanxi P.R.China.


Journal of Modern Economy

This study tested the relationship between Rwanda’s economic growth, foreign direct investment, and labor in agricultural spanning between 1970 and 2017. In this paper, the ARDL “bounds” test method is used to analyze the co-integration problem of variables with a constant level relationship. Co-integration coefficients were estimated using the ARDLs model. After verifying the long-term (co-integration) equilibrium relationship of economic growth within the variables, the error correction model is used to estimate the short-term coefficients. We found that agriculture and foreign direct investment have becomes an engine depending of Rwanda’s economic development. The FDI has a causal relationship to economic growth; while labor have no causal relationship to economic growth. The Rwandan government should promote macroeconomic policies to encourage foreign direct investment and promote economic growth in agriculture.


Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; Agriculture; ARDL Model; Bounds test; Economic growth

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How to cite this article:
Xiaoling Yuan, Michel Mivumbi. Foreign direct investment, Agriculture and economic growth: ARDL and causality approach for Rwanda. Journal of Modern Economy, 2020; 4:13. DOI: 10.28933/jme-2020-09-1205


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