Journal of eSciences


Head And Neck Tumors: Oral Repercussions Of Antineoplastic Therapy

Review Article of Journal of eSciences Head And Neck Tumors: Oral Repercussions Of Antineoplastic Therapy Macêdo, T.S¹; Melo, M.C.F¹; Cavalcante, J¹; Araújo, M.G.C¹; Lacerda Vidal, A.K.L2 ¹Cirurgiã-Dentista Residente do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco-ICB/HUOC/UPE. 2Profa. Dra. Adjunta Regente da Disciplina de Processos Patológicos Gerais- ICB/UPE, Cirurgiã-Dentista chefe do Serviço de Odontologia – CEON/HUOC/UPE, Coordenadora do Programa de Residência em Odontologia Hospitalar com enfoque em Oncologia da Universidade de Pernambuco-ICB/HUOC/UPE. Introduction: Head and neck neoplasia is the sixth most common cancer in the world and can manifest in several areas of the head (mouth), scalp, skin of the face and neck. The treatment of choice is defined according to the histopathological type, topographic location, relation with neighboring anatomical structures, staging, general clinical condition of the individual affected by the disease and medical-hospital conditions, ranging from surgery, radiotherapy and uni or multimodal chemotherapy. Despite the various therapeutic possibilities for head and neck cancer, all treatments bring with them side effects, immediate and / or late repercussions that may compromise the function and buco-maxillofacial aesthetics and, consequently, the individual’s quality of life. Objectives: To identify side effects and immediate and late oral repercussions arising from antineoplastic therapy in the head and neck region. Methodology: Literature review based on published articles available on the internet, in the database systems: Medlars on line International Literature (Medline), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (Lilacs) and Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry (BBO) present on the website of the Virtual Health Library (VHL). Results and Discussion: The literature is unanimous in indicating the most frequently observed complications in this group of patients: mucositis, opportunistic infections, radiodermatitis, hyposalivation, xerostomia, radiation caries, dysphagia, ageusia, trismus, soft tissue necrosis and osteoradionecrosis. In addition to the morbidity associated with cancer, its treatment also ...

Humanized Assistance To The Patient With Hanseniasis: Implications For Nursing

Review Article of Journal of eSciences Humanized Assistance To The Patient With Hanseniasis: Implications For Nursing Nascimento, A.S.S¹; Silva, E.P¹; Silva, D.P¹; Coelho, A.F¹; Vieira, P.D.S². 1Student of the Bachelor of Nursing Course, UNIFG; 2Teacher of the School of Health, UNIFG Introduction: Leprosy is a chronic, neglected and stigmatizing infection of compulsory notification. Caused by Mycobacterium leprae that affects the peripheral nerves and organs in the severe form of the disease, its transmission occurs by upper airway but can be cutaneous. The symptoms are white or reddish spots with no local sensitivity. It is incapacitating, due to the sequelae in the upper and lower limbs besides it suffers prejudice from society in general. In this perspective it is important to understand the role of nurses in the care of leprosy patients. Methodology: The present study consists of an integrative review of literature, in the databases SCIELO, CAPES, BIREME, LILACS and REPOSITORIES, between the years of 2000 to 2016. Objective: To ascertain the nurse’s assistance to the leprosy patient and analyze how the National Program Of Humanization (PNH) backs you. Results and Discussion: According to the PNH humanize the assistance to the leprosy holder means: it acts from clinical, ethical and political guidelines, which translate into certain working arrangements. Nurses’ attribution Understand the leprosy patient as a biopsychosocial being, with his individuality and subjectivity, treating him with attention and deference. Within a humanistic view it is the duty of nurses to perform interventions in the care process, using techniques and care when attending the patient, but the challenge proposed by the HNP is to welcome this patient to listen to him, share the moments, learn from the situation, be Coherent, smiling, make the consultation harmonious, not label, and responds promptly. Conclusion: The use of HNP guidelines by the nurse is of paramount ...

Factors Associated With Increase In The Incidence Of Arterial Hypertension In Pernambucan Adolescents

Review Article of Journal of eSciences Factors Associated With Increase In The Incidence Of Arterial Hypertension In Pernambucan Adolescents Nascimento, A.S.S¹; Silva, E.P¹; Silva, D.P¹; Coelho, A.F¹; Vieira, P.D.S² 1Student of the Bachelor of Nursing Course, UNIFG; 2Lecturer at the School of Health, UNIFG Introduction: Hypertension (AH) is a chronic no communicable disease (NCD), defined as systolic pressure repeatedly greater than 140 mmHg or diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg or higher, develops slowly and gradually. Currently there has been a gradual increase in cases of hypertension among children and adolescents, where cases have been registered at an earlier age, becoming a problem that has attracted the concern of health professionals. Methodology: The present study consists of an integrative review of the literature, in the databases: CAPES, LILACS, SCIELO, between the years of: 2000 to 2016. To analyze the risk factors associated with the increase in the incidence of hypertension in adolescents from Pernambuco. Results and Discussion: According to the literature, 17.3% of hypertension cases in Pernambuco are recorded in adolescents and children. Among the factors that are associated with the increasing rate of prehypertension and hypertension in adolescent Pernambucans is obesity, which is a reflection of the economic, social, and demographic changes resulting from the growing industrialization. The passage between childhood and adolescence is a period of biopsychosocial transformations in which lifestyle and patterns of eating and physical activity are being structured. These factors make possible the development of hypertension: obesity, reduction of physical activity, alcohol and tobacco use, stress are conditions of probability for the development of hypertension among young people and has been consolidating as a serious health problem Public. Conclusion: The actions of control of risk factors for arterial hypertension is of paramount importance the early detection of important blood pressure changes and the promotion of changes of ...

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